East St. Louis Lincoln High School
East St. Louis Lincoln Senior High School, May 2014
1211 Bond Avenue
|Type||Public high school|
|School district||East St. Louis School District 189|
|Color(s)||Orange and black|
|Team name||Tigers, Tigerettes|
The first school in East St. Louis named for Abraham Lincoln was a 1st–12th-grade school for black children that opened in 1886 at Sixth Street and St. Louis Avenue. In 1909, during a period of rapid expansion in East St. Louis, this school was closed, with its building becoming the headquarters of the city board of education, and East St. Louis Lincoln High School opened as a high school for blacks at 1100 East Broadway. It was originally a junior-senior high school, but later became a senior high school. By the late 1940s, with black migration continuing and the school system in the city still effectively segregated, the school was so overcrowded that the auditorium, the library, the study hall, and the music room had all been converted into classrooms; the school board promised to build a second black high school but allocated insufficient money, prompting a sit-in in 1949 for equal facilities. In 1950 the school moved to a new building at 1211 Bond Avenue; in the early 1960s students began to be permitted to transfer to the predominantly white East St. Louis Senior High School if Lincoln did not offer the electives they wanted.
The Lincoln Tigers and Tigerettes won 29 state championships in sports, 14 of them in girls' track and field within a 17-year period; the girls' track and field coach, Nino Fennoy, became the coach at East St. Louis Senior High School after consolidation, as did the boys' basketball coach, Bennie Lewis Sr., whose program dominated the state in the 1980s. The two schools had been traditional rivals, particularly in basketball.
Notable alumni and staff
- Elwood Buchanan, music teacher
- Miles Davis, jazz musician
- LaPhonso Ellis, basketball player
- Al Joyner, track and field athlete, gold medalist at 1984 Summer Olympics
- Jackie Joyner-Kersee, track and field athlete, winner of six Olympic medals and four world championships
- Cuonzo Martin, basketball player, head coach at University of Missouri
- Wright, John Aaron (2002). Discovering African American St. Louis: A Guide to Historic Sites. St. Louis, Missouri: Missouri Historical Society. p. 162. ISBN 9781883982454.
- "East St. Louis Lincoln "Tigers" and "Tigerettes"". Illinois High School Glory Days. Retrieved October 4, 2016.
- Miles Davis with Quincy Troupe (1989). Miles: The Autobiography. New York: Simon and Schuster. pp. 30–31. ISBN 9780671635046.
- Elliott M. Rudwick (Spring 1965). "Fifty Years of Race Relations in East St. Louis: The Breaking Down of White Supremacy". Midcontinent American Studies Journal. 6 (1): 6–7. JSTOR 40640532.
- Rudwick, p. 8.
- "Lincoln High, a public disgrace". KMOV CBS news. March 13, 2015.
- Barry Temkin (February 27, 1989). "Who's Bennie Lewis? Only Illinois' Coach Of The '80s". Chicago Tribune.
- Maurice Scott, Jr. (March 28, 2013). "Bennie Lewis coaching tree". The St. Louis American.
- Dean Criddle (April 7, 2015). "Alumni game for East St. Louis, Lincoln set". Belleville News-Democrat.
- Ben Frederickson (October 29, 2015). "Cuonzo Martin strengthens bond with East St. Louis". St. Louis Post-Dispatch.
- "Joyner-Kersee has tearful homecoming". Deseret News. United Press International. October 15, 1988. p. D3.
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