East Surrey County constituency for the House of Commons
Boundary of East Surrey in
County Surrey Electorate 77,145 (December 2010)  Major settlements Caterham, Whyteleafe, Warlingham, Lingfield, Woldingham, Godstone, Horley, Oxted, Limpsfield, Tatsfield Current constituency Created 1918 Member of Parliament Claire Coutinho ( ) Conservative Number of members One Created from eastern parts of: Reigate (Surrey S.E.) Wimbledon (Surrey N.E.) 1832– 1885 Number of members Two Type of constituency County constituency Replaced by in the metropolis: Croydon Clapham Dulwich Battersea Wandsworth to the south Reigate or S.E. division (included Godstone and other southern areas of the later East Surrey creation) Wimbledon or N.E. division (included Caterham, Chelsham, Farleigh, Whyteleafe and Warlingham of the later East Surrey creation) Created from Bletchingley, Gatton and Surrey During its existence contributed to new seat(s) of: Mid Surrey (in 1868) East Surrey is a constituency represented in the [n 1] House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2019 by Claire Coutinho, a Conservative.  The seat covers an affluent area in the English  county of Surrey.
Since its creation in 1918, East Surrey has elected a Conservative MP on an absolute majority (over 50% of the vote) at every general election, and is therefore regarded as a Conservative
safe seat. Its greatest share of the vote for any opposition candidate was 33.75% in February 1974.
Boundaries [ edit ]
Latter version of this area in its earlier existence (1867-1885) in darkest green, the stark dark/light split shows the preceding simpler East/West division of the county, dark shades being the former (1832-1867) version of that two-member area.
1832–1868: The Hundreds of Brixton, Kingston, Reigate, Tandridge and Wallington.
 1868–1885: The Hundred of Tandridge, and so much of the Hundred of Wallington as included and lay to the east of the parishes of Croydon and Sanderstead, and so much of the Hundred of Brixton as included and lay to the east of the parishes of Streatham, Clapham and Lambeth.
For period to 1918 see completely new single-member Wimbledon and Reigate seats, also termed N.E. and S.E. Divisions of Surrey.
1918–1950: The Urban Districts of Caterham, and Coulsdon and Purley, and the Rural District of Godstone.
1950–1974: The Urban Districts of Caterham and Warlingham, and Coulsdon and Purley.
1974–1983: The Urban District of Caterham and Warlingham, and the Rural District of Godstone.
1983–1997: The District of Tandridge. (Equivalent to the above)
1997–2010: The District of Tandridge, and the Borough of Reigate and Banstead wards of Horley East and Horley West.
2010–present: As above plus Horley Central.
Constituency profile [ edit ]
East Surrey is a well-connected inner
Home Counties seat, combining the town of Horley with Surrey's residual District Tandridge (as opposed to Boroughs which the other 10 parts have been created) which is made up of Caterham and modest commuter settlements, farming and retirement homes. Horley is one of two towns adjoining London Gatwick Airport and part of Reigate and Banstead borough. The area borders the London Borough of Croydon to the north, the county of Kent to the east, and the county of West Sussex to the south.
The northern part of the seat is inside the
M25 motorway — Caterham, Whyteleafe and Warlingham form green-buffered, elevated commuter belt, with good rail connections to Central London and well-connected by all modes of transport to Croydon. Elsewhere, the seat is more rural and includes a low part of the Greensand Ridge and features woodland and many golf courses.
Conservatives have prevented any opposition party achieving more than 33.75% of the vote since 1974; including at the 1997 and 2001 United Kingdom general elections when opposition was greatest nationally in Conservative safe seats.
Most local wards are won by the Conservatives with the
Liberal Democrats often picking up seats somewhere in the dual-council system, particularly in Whyteleafe or Caterham Valley. As is typical in seats of this kind, the Labour vote is typically very modest. The party finished in third place at the elections between 1959 and 2015. In 2017 the party's candidate polled second, in a poorer showing for the Liberal Democrats and the party's " Corbyn Surge". The early twenty-first century saw UKIP poll approximately as strongly as Lib Dems historically. The area saw a majority vote in favour of Brexit in the 2016 EU Referendum; whereas the sitting MP Sam Gyimah opposed Brexit.
History [ edit ]
Victorian dual-member constituency 1832-1885 [ edit ]
The 13th century-created, dual-member
constituency for the county took in over a third of today's Greater London and its population far exceeded the average for a county. It was recognised as needing or meriting four MPs, so division, under the Great Reform Act, 1832.
The territory was incepted and absorbed two of three of
Surrey's rotten boroughs of Bletchingley and Gatton abolished under the Act. It overlapped the boroughs of:
Reigate (its double representation halved, which kept a narrow franchise and completely abolished 1868).
Lambeth, to be subdivided in 1885. Southwark, to be subdivided in 1885.
Often known as the
Eastern Division of Surrey or Surrey Eastern, its enfranchised adult male property owners elected two MPs by bloc vote (a voter has a vote for each current vacancy). Notable, clockwise from north, outer reaches were Southwark, Rotherhithe, Addington, Lingfield, Charlwood, Buckland, Surrey, Cheam, Kingston upon Thames and Richmond (see map, top right).
The area was split in two, doubling representation, under the
Second Reform Act, starting from the 1868 general election; the area was still under-represented as shown by the setting up of a net increase of 14 metropolitan seats in 1885.
Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 went much further than the 1832 Act towards equal representation around the country. It here reflected growth in the county's population. Thus for elections from 1885 dual-member West, Mid Surrey and East Surrey dissipated to allow the creation of 16 rather than just 2 metropolitan Surrey seats (Lambeth and Southwark which saw subdivision) and these "county" seats:
North-Western or Chertsey Division (usually recorded as Chertsey, Surrey N.W. or North-West) - included Woking and Egham The
South-Western or Guildford Division (as style shown above) - included Godalming, Farnham and surrounds The
South-Eastern or Reigate Division (as style shown above) - included Dorking sessional division save for two parishes in No. 4. The
Mid or Epsom Division (as style shown above) - included Kingston's southern and eastern sessional division components The
Kingston Division (invariably Kingston or Kingston-upon-Thames) - included Richmond The North-Eastern or Wimbledon Division (as style shown above) - included sessional division of Croydon except its core and north in the Metropolis; plus Caterham, Chelsham, Farley, Warlingham.
Seat created in 1918 [ edit ]
In 1918 the constituency was re-established in dwarf form, taking rural and nascent very suburban parts of South East Surrey ("Reigate") and North East Surrey ("Wimbledon"), and for the first time electing only one MP. It covered from the south of
Croydon to the Kent and West Sussex borders. It was to remain entred on Lingfield, Oxted, Limpsfield, Godstone, Caterham and Woldingham.
In 1950 East Surrey lost
Addington parish on the eastern fringe of Croydon to the 1918-formed Croydon South seat, and its southern half to Reigate. In 1974 the north-west of the area became part of Croydon South, reflecting the 1965 transfer of Purley and Coulsdon to the London Borough of Croydon in the new Greater London which then replaced the London County Council. The seat regained essentially the same land as it had lost to Reigate in 1950. Its MP until 1974, William Clark, won the new Croydon South in that year's February election. Clark's successor, Sir Geoffrey Howe, later became Chancellor of the Exchequer and Foreign Secretary in Margaret Thatcher's cabinet.
Members of Parliament [ edit ]
MPs 1832–1885 [ edit ]
 1st Party
 Main home
 2nd Party
 Main home
John Ivatt Briscoe
Whig    
Radical  
 St Leonards Lodge ( Leonardslee), Horsham, Sussex and Ardglass Castle, County Down
 Unknown house, Upper Tooting
 Grove Hill, Camberwell
 Antrobus Hall, Cheshire and Amesbury Abbey, Wiltshire
Peter Locke King
 Brooklands, Weybridge
and 38 Dover Street, St James's
 Ringwood Lodge, Redhill/Reigate
Foxwarren Park in West Surrey
Haling Park, Beddington, Croydon and Thorney House, Palace Gate, Kensington
100 Eaton Square, Westminster and Barcombe Place, Sussex
MPs since 1918 [ edit ]
Elections [ edit ]
Elections in the 2010s [ edit ]
Elections in the 2000s [ edit ]
Elections in the 1990s [ edit ]
This constituency underwent boundary changes between the 1992 and 1997 general elections and thus change in share of vote is based on a notional calculation.
Elections in the 1980s [ edit ]
Elections in the 1970s [ edit ]
Elections in the 1960s [ edit ]
Elections in the 1950s [ edit ]
Election in the 1940s [ edit ]
Elections in the 1930s [ edit ] General Election 1939/40:
Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place from 1939 and by the end of this year, the following candidates had been selected;
Elections in the 1920s [ edit ]
Elections in the 1910s [ edit ]
Elections in the 1880s [ edit ]
Elections in the 1870s [ edit ]
Caused by Buxton's death.
Elections in the 1860s [ edit ]
Elections in the 1850s [ edit ]
Elections in the 1840s [ edit ]
Caused by Alsager's death.
Elections in the 1830s [ edit ]
See also [ edit ]
Notes and references [ edit ]
"Electorate figures – Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010 . Retrieved . 13 March 2011
Gyimah, Sam (2019-09-03). "Today I voted against the government in order to a stop no deal Brexit. I along with 20 colleagues have had the Conservative Whip removed. I will continue to fight for the interests of my constituents as their MP". @SamGyimah . Retrieved . 2019-09-03
Savage, Michael (14 September 2019). "Sam Gyimah rejects 'populist Johnson' as he joins Lib Dems". The Guardian.
"The statutes of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. 2 & 3 William IV. Cap. LXIV. An Act to settle and describe the Divisions of Counties, and the Limits of Cities and Boroughs, in England and Wales, in so far as respects the Election of Members to serve in Parliament". London: His Majesty's statute and law printers. 1832. pp. 300–383 . Retrieved . 2017-07-27
"Representation of the People Act 1867" (PDF) . Retrieved . 2017-07-27
^ a b c
Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "S" (part 6)
^ a b
Craig, F. W. S. (1989) . British parliamentary election results 1832–1885 (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. pp. 465–466. ISBN . 0-900178-26-4
^ a b c d e f g h
Stooks Smith, Henry (1845). . London: Simpkin, Marshall, & Co. p. 65 The Parliaments of England, from 1st George I., to the Present Time. Vol II: Oxfordshire to Wales Inclusive . Retrieved – via 28 May 2019 Google Books.
Churton, Edward (1838). . p. 38 The Assembled Commons or Parliamentary Biographer: 1838 . Retrieved – via 22 December 2018 Google Books.
"John Ivatt Briscoe". Legacies of British Slave-ownership. University College London . Retrieved . 18 August 2018
"Pamphlet: A Letter on the Nature and Effects of the Tread-Wheel". British Library . Retrieved . 18 August 2018
A Member of the Middle Temple (1838). . London: Scott, Webster, and Geary. pp. 38, 70 – via The Assembled Commons or Parliamentary Biographer: With An Abstract of the Law of Election, and the Usages of Parliament Google Books.
. Abingdon: Routledge. 2018. p. 47. Labour and Radical Politics: 1762–1937 ISBN 978-0-415-26570-6 . Retrieved – via 28 May 2019 Google Books.
Campbell, Flann (1993). "The Elusive Mr Ogilvie". Familia: Ulster Genealogical Review. Ulster Historical Foundation. 2 (9): 42. ISBN 0-901905-61-5 . Retrieved – via 28 May 2019 Google Books.
Churton, Edward (1836). . p. 16 The Assembled Commons or Parliamentary Biographer: 1836 . Retrieved – via 28 May 2019 Google Books.
^ a b
. "The General Election" Morning Post. 24 July 1847. p. 3 . Retrieved – via 18 August 2018 British Newspaper Archive.
^ a b
. 19 July 1847. p. 5 "Bell's Weekly Messenger" . Retrieved – via 18 August 2018 British Newspaper Archive.
^ Major boundary changes to the constituency took place for this election
"Surrey East parliamentary constituency – Election 2017". BBC News. 9 June 2017 . Retrieved . 20 June 2018
"Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015 . Retrieved . 17 October 2015
"Surrey East parliamentary constituency – Election 2017" – via www.bbc.co.uk.
"Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013 . Retrieved . 17 October 2015
"Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011 . Retrieved . 18 October 2015
"Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011 . Retrieved . 18 October 2015
"Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011 . Retrieved . 18 October 2015
"Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011 . Retrieved . 18 October 2015
"Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Archived from the original on 24 July 2011 . Retrieved . 2010-12-06
"Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011 . Retrieved . 18 October 2015
"Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011 . Retrieved . 18 October 2015
^ HALL, Her Honour Jean Graham’, Who Was Who, A & C Black, an imprint of Bloomsbury Publishing plc, 1920–2016; online edn, Oxford University Press, 2014 ; online edn, April 2014
accessed 22 Sept 2017
^ a b c d e British Parliamentary Election Results 1918–1949, FWS Craig
^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n
Craig, F. W. S., ed. (1977). British Parliamentary Election Results 1832–1885 (e-book) (1st ed.). London: Macmillan Press. p. 466. ISBN . 978-1-349-02349-3
"To The Electors of East Surrey". . 13 March 1880. p. 4 Croydon Guardian and Surrey County Gazette . Retrieved . 22 December 2017
"MEDLEY AND WEBB IMAGES AND BIOGRAPHICAL NOTES 3". Jamaican Family Search . Retrieved . 22 December 2017
. "East Surrey Election" Huddersfield Chronicle. 26 August 1871. p. 3 . Retrieved – via 21 January 2018 British Newspaper Archive.
. "Surrey Election" . 3 November 1868. p. 1 London Evening Standard . Retrieved – via 18 March 2018 British Newspaper Archive.
. "Surrey Election" . 7 November 1868. pp. 10–11 Hampshire Advertiser . Retrieved – via 18 March 2018 British Newspaper Archive.
. "Election Proceedings" Globe. 17 December 1832. p. 4 . Retrieved – via 3 May 2020 British Newspaper Archive.
Sources [ edit ]