East Tilbury

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East Tilbury
East Tilbury is located in Essex
East Tilbury
East Tilbury
Location within Essex
PopulationMaximum 6402 (2001)[1]
6,363 (2011 Thurrock Ward) [2]
OS grid referenceTQ688768
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townTILBURY
Postcode districtRM18
Dialling code01375
PoliceEssex
FireEssex
AmbulanceEast of England
EU ParliamentEast of England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Essex
l51°27′57″N 0°25′46″E / 51.4657°N 0.4294°E / 51.4657; 0.4294Coordinates: 51°27′57″N 0°25′46″E / 51.4657°N 0.4294°E / 51.4657; 0.4294

East Tilbury is a village in the unitary authority of Thurrock borough, Essex, England and one of the traditional (Church of England) parishes in Thurrock.

History[edit]

In Saxon times, the location on which the church now stands was surrounded by tidal marshland. This is the probable location for the minster church established by St Cedd at Tilaburg[3] which is mentioned in Bede's History of the English Church.

In the 1860s, Coalhouse Fort was constructed on the bank of the Thames, close to the parish church. This fort was an active part of the defences of London up to and including World War II, having originally been developed as a precaution against French ironclads approaching London up the Thames it was refortified with new armaments as threats changed over the years.

From 1894 to 1936 East Tilbury was part of the Orsett Rural District.[4] The East Tilbury Civil Parish was abolished in 1936 when the area became part of Thurrock Urban District.[5]

The Bata Factory by John Winfield

The construction of a Bata Shoes factory in the 1930s resulted in substantial development in East Tilbury. The factory has since closed down.[6]

The Bata company developed not only a factory, but also a town for workers, built in the modernist style, and a sizeable estate of listed buildings remains. A sizeable Czech workforce was relocated here, and has merged into the local community after connections were lost with Czechoslovakia after World War II. The father of arts administrator John Tusa, also called John (Jan), was managing director of the factory in the late 30s.[7]

Education[edit]

East Tilbury is served by modern infants and junior schools sharing a site opposite the old Bata factory and adjacent to parkland. The junior school recently acquired foundation status.[1]

Communications and facilities[edit]

The town is served by East Tilbury railway station on the Tilbury branch of the c2c service from London Fenchurch Street to Southend Central via Ockendon. East Tilbury is also served by the First Essex bus route 374 which operates between Grays bus station and Basildon on Mondays to Saturdays.[8]

It is located about 2 miles south of the A13 road from London to Southend.

East Tilbury does not have a developed shopping centre; its nearest major retail centres are located at Basildon and Lakeside.

Developments[edit]

The area forms part of the Thames Gateway redevelopment zone and responsibility for delivery in this area is with the Thurrock Development Corporation.[9] Large sections of Metropolitan Green Belt land have been earmarked for development;[10] it is expected to include 14,000 homes and provide 20,000 jobs.[11] East Tilbury is one of seven conservation areas in Thurrock.[12]

On the northern end of the town is a small park called 'Gobions Park'. This got a development grant in 2009 of £50,000.[13] The name may have come from Sir Richard Gobion from UpHavering.[14]

From the late 1950s Esso Petroleum made tentative plans to build an oil refinery on East Tilbury marshes. In 1956 Tilbury Contracting & Dredging sold land that they owned in East Tilbury to Esso Petroleum for about £250,000.[15] The land is marked on an undated map made by the Ministry of Power which also identifies the Occidental Refineries Limited and the United Refineries Limited sites on Canvey Island, which dates the map to about 1971.[16] The land at East Tilbury is marked as 'land suggested for examination as oil refining site'. The 'Esso' land extends southwest from Low Street level crossing (TQ669776) to the river Thames (TQ663754) east of Tilbury power station then along the river past Coalhouse Fort to just north of Coalhouse Battery (TQ691776) then west to Low Street. The project is likely to have been abandoned as a consequence of the 1973 oil crisis and the resulting slump in oil and petroleum consumption.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "East Tilbury ward profile" (PDF). www.thurrock-community.org.uk. December 2006. Retrieved 28 December 2006.
  2. ^ "Thurrock ward population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 2 September 2016.
  3. ^ A Saunders Chapel-Hospital-Blockhouse?, Panorama, The Journal of the Thurrock Local History Society, Volume 13, 1970
  4. ^ Vision of Britain Archived 1 October 2007 at the Wayback Machine – Orsett RD. Retrieved 9 November 2006.
  5. ^ Vision of Britain Archived 30 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine – East Tilbury parish (historic map Archived 30 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine). Retrieved 9 November 2006.
  6. ^ GuardianWelcome to Bata-ville. Retrieved 9 November 2006.
  7. ^ "BataStory.net: 2005 - 2010". batastory.net.
  8. ^ "Thurrock bus timetables - Bus timetables - Thurrock Council". www.thurrock.gov.uk.
  9. ^ OPSIThe Thurrock Development Corporation (Area and Constitution) Order 2003. Retrieved 9 November 2006.
  10. ^ European Agricultural Investment Services Archived 18 October 2006 at the Wayback MachineDevelopers aim to use 1,200 acres (4.9 km2) of green belt. Retrieved 9 November 2006.
  11. ^ GuardianRow looms over plan for Thames new town. Retrieved 9 November 2006.
  12. ^ "Thurrock Council - Natural & Historic Environment - Conservation Areas In Th..." 10 February 2009.
  13. ^ "Cash handout for playgrounds". basildonrecorder.co.uk. 18 March 2009. Retrieved 18 October 2012.
  14. ^ [From: 'Romford: Manors and other estates', A History of the County of Essex: Volume 7 (1978), pp. 64–72. url: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=42816 Date accessed: 18 October 2012.]
  15. ^ 'Tilbury Contracting Land Sale', The Times 13 December 1956 p.17.
  16. ^ Ministry of Power/Ministry of Technology/Department of Trade and Industry, The National Archives, POWE 64/13.

External links[edit]