East Timor–Malaysia relations

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Malaysia–Timor-Leste relations
Map indicating locations of Malaysia and Timor-Leste

Malaysia

Timor-Leste

East Timor–Malaysia relations or Malaysia–Timor-Leste relations are foreign relations between Malaysia and East Timor. Malaysia has an embassy in Dili,[1] and East Timor has an embassy in Kuala Lumpur.[2] Relations between the two countries are very good and Malaysia is currently supporting East Timor to be one of the members of ASEAN and towards becoming a democratic country.[3]

Country comparison[edit]

 Federation of Malaysia  Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste
Coat of Arms Coat of arms of Malaysia.svg Coat of arms of East Timor.svg
Flag Malaysia East Timor
Population 31,360,000 1,167,242
Area 330,803 km2 (127,724 sq mi) 15,410 km2 (5,950 sq mi)
Population Density 92/km2 (240/sq mi) 78/km2 (200/sq mi)
Time zones 1 1
Capital Kuala Lumpur Dili
Largest City Kuala Lumpur – 1,768,000 Dili – 222,323
Government Federal parliamentary elective constitutional monarchy Unitary semi-presidential constitutional republic
Established 31 August 1957 (Independence from the British Empire proclaimed for the Federation of Malaya)
16 September 1963 (Proclamation of Malaysia)
28 November 1975 (Independence from the Portuguese Empire proclaimed for East Timor)
20 May 2002 (Independence restored)
Predecessor States Portuguese Colonial Period (1511–1641)
Portuguese Malacca (1511–1641)
Dutch Colonial Period (1641–1825)
Dutch Malacca (1641–1795; 1818–1825)
British Colonial Period (1771–1946)
Straits Settlements (1826–1946)
 Federated Malay States (1895–1946)
Unfederated Malay States (1909–1946)
 Kingdom of Sarawak (1841–1946)
Crown Colony of Labuan (1848–1946)
 British North Borneo (1881–1946)
Japanese Occupation Period (1942–1945)
Occupied Malaya (1942–1945)
Occupied British Borneo (1942–1945)
Si Rat Malai (1943–1945)
Interim Military Period (1945–1946)
Military Administration of Malaya (1945–1946)
Military Administration of Borneo (1945–1946)
Self–Government Period (1946–1963)
 Malayan Union (1946–1948)
 Federation of Malaya (1948–1963)
Crown Colony of North Borneo (1946–1963)
Crown Colony of Sarawak (1946–1963)
Federation Period (1963–present)
 Federation of Malaysia (1963–present)
Portuguese Colonial Period (1702–1975)
Portuguese Timor (1702–1975)
Japanese Occupation Period (1942–1945)
Occupied Timor (1942–1945)
Indonesian Occupation Period (1975–1999)
Timor Timur (1975–1999)
Transitional Period (1999–2002)
Transitional Administration in East Timor (1999–2002)
Post–Colonial Period (2002–present)
 Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste (2002–present)
First Leader Abdul Rahman of Negeri Sembilan (Monarch)
Tunku Abdul Rahman (Prime Minister)
Francisco Xavier do Amaral
Head of State Monarch: Muhammad V President: Francisco Guterres
Head of Government Prime Minister: Najib Razak Prime Minister: Mari Alkatiri
Deputy Leader Deputy Prime Minister: Ahmad Zahid Hamidi none
Legislature Parliament (Bicameral) Parliament (Unicameral)
Upper House or Presiding Officer Senate
President: S. Vigneswaran
Parliament
President: Francisco Guterres
Lower House House of Representatives
Speaker: Pandikar Amin Mulia
none
Judiciary Federal Court
Chief Justice: Md Raus Sharif
Supreme Court
National language Malaysian Tetum and Portuguese
GDP (nominal) $800.169 billion ($25,833 per capita) US$2,498 billion ($3,330 per capita)

History[edit]

Since 1999, Malaysia has contributed to many UN peacekeeping missions on the country, such as one are the Operation Astute during the 2006 East Timorese crisis.[3] Malaysia also has provided assistance to Timor-Leste in the area of human resources development through various training programmes and providing assistance to East Timor in its nation building efforts.[3] Currently, Malaysia has been consider by East Timorese as a model to develop their countries.[4][5][6]

Economic relations[edit]

Malaysian embassy in Dili, East Timor.

Both countries are currently working together to expand the scope of co-operation and currently tangible signs of a Malaysian present on East Timor can be seen in the form of restaurants, a school teaching English and the supply of construction materials and spare parts for vehicles.[7][8] In 2014, a memorandum of understanding on cooperative development and co-operation signed between the University of Malaysia Sabah and the National University of East Timor, a day before an MoU on healthcare been signed.[9][10] The total trade between the two countries has increased from U$10 million in 2012 to U$21.2 million in 2013 and the East Timorese government has expressed their interest to work with the Malaysian counterparts in oil and gas sectors.[11][12]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Official Website of Embassy of Malaysia, Dili". Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Malaysia. Retrieved 27 January 2014. 
  2. ^ "Embassy of Timor-Leste Kuala Lumpur - Malaysia". Government of Timor-Leste. Retrieved 1 April 2014. 
  3. ^ a b c "STATEMENT BY H.E. AMBASSADOR HUSSEIN HANIFF, PERMANENT REPRESENTATIVE OF MALAYSIA TO THE UNITED NATIONS AT THE SECURITY COUNCIL DEBATE ON THE SITUATION IN TIMOR-LESTE, NEW YORK, 22 FEBRUARY 2012" (PDF). United Nations. Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 February 2014. Retrieved 20 November 2013. 
  4. ^ "Timor Leste hopes to be associated with M'sian Parliamentary Friend". Bernama, The Sun Daily. 2 October 2013. Archived from the original on 2 October 2013. Retrieved 20 November 2013. 
  5. ^ "Timor Leste wants to emulate Malaysia's development plans". Bernama, The Borneo Post. 2 October 2013. Archived from the original on 2 February 2014. Retrieved 20 November 2013. 
  6. ^ Adib Povera and Koi Kye Lee (1 April 2014). "'Malaysia an excellent example for Timor-Leste'". New Straits Times. Archived from the original on 1 April 2014. Retrieved 1 April 2014. 
  7. ^ "Malaysian FM: Malaysia, Timor-Leste must expand scope of cooperation". Xinhua News Agency, two circles.net. 24 June 2008. Retrieved 20 November 2013. 
  8. ^ "Timor Leste's diplomat with a difference". New Straits Times. 17 February 2013. Archived from the original on 7 April 2014. Retrieved 20 November 2013. 
  9. ^ Zuhrin Azam Ahmad (1 April 2014). "Najib: Country inviting new bids for oil and gas exploration and development". The Star. Archived from the original on 1 April 2014. Retrieved 1 April 2014. 
  10. ^ Balqis Lim (31 March 2014). "iHEAL signs MoU to provide better healthcare in Timor Leste". New Straits Times. Archived from the original on 1 April 2014. Retrieved 1 April 2014. 
  11. ^ Koi Kye Lee (31 March 2014). "PM: Malaysia-Timor Leste to boost bilateral trade". New Straits Times. Archived from the original on 1 April 2014. Retrieved 1 April 2014. 
  12. ^ "Timor-Leste Keen On Tie-Ups With Malaysia's 0&g Industry Players". Bernama. 1 April 2014. Archived from the original on 1 April 2014. Retrieved 1 April 2014.