East Timorese parliamentary election, 2012

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East Timorese parliamentary election, 2012
East Timor
2007 ←
7 July 2012 → 2017

All 65 seats to the National Parliament of East Timor
33 seats needed for a majority
  First party Second party
  Xanana 2011.jpg Mari Bin Amude Alkatiri 2001.jpg
Leader Xanana Gusmão Mari Alkatiri
Party CNRT FRETILIN
Last election 24.10%, 18 seats 29.02%, 21 seats
Seats won 30 25
Seat change Increase 12 Increase 4
Popular vote 172,831 140,786
Percentage 36.66% 29.87%
Swing Increase 12.56% Increase 0.85%

  Third party Fourth party
  Fernando de Araújo.jpg Jose Luis Guterres, Deputy Prime Minister of Timor Leste, addressing participants, at the Horasis Global China Business Meeting 2009 - Flickr - Horasis.jpg
Leader Fernando de Araújo José Luís Guterres
Party Democratic Party Frenti-Mudança
Last election 11.30%, 8 seats New party
Seats won 8 2
Seat change Steady 0 New party
Popular vote 48.851 14,648
Percentage 10.31% 3.11%
Swing Decrease 0.99% New party

Prime Minister before election

Xanana Gusmão
CNRT

Prime Minister-designate

Xanana Gusmão
CNRT

Coat of arms of East Timor.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Timor Leste

Parliamentary elections were held in East Timor on 7 July 2012.[1] The United Nations stated that it would withdraw its 1,300 troops if the elections passed off peacefully.[2][3] The National Congress for Timorese Reconstruction, led by Prime Minister Xanana Gusmão, won the election with 30 seats, three seats short of a majority in National Parliament.[4]

Electoral system[edit]

All65 members of the National Parliament were elected from a single nationwide constituency by party-list proportional representation voting. A party had to cross the electoral threshold of 3% to enter parliament and seats were distributed according to the d'Hondt method. Parties were required to submit lists with 65 candidates and at least 25 replacements. According to the electoral law, every fourth member on a party's list has to be a woman.[1]

Campaign[edit]

In total, 21 political parties registered for the election. The campaign was focused on economic issues, particularly the country's $10.5 billion oil fund. Alongside the two main parties, CNRT and FRETILIN, a further 19 parties and lists registered for the elections.[5]

The election campaign was focussed on economic issues, particularly the question of what should be done with the country's oil fund, worth $10.5 billion.[2] The CNRT campaign pledged to increase the amount of money the fund contributed to the state budget beyond the existing 3% limit and to attract foreign loans for infrastructure improvement projects,[6] promising long-term investment in roads and electricity and water supplies. FRETILIN opposed CNRT's policies on foreign loans and changes to the oil fund spending, but ran a campaign focused on raising levels of income and education.[3] FRETILIN general secretary Mari Alkatiri promised to reduce corruption if elected.[2]

Results[edit]

Results in all districts
Party Votes % Seats +/–
National Congress for Timorese Reconstruction 172,831 36.66 30 +12
FRETILIN 140,786 29.87 25 +4
Democratic Party 48.851 10.31 8 0
Frenti-Mudança 14,648 3.11 2 New
Kmanek Haburas Unidade Nasional Timor Oan 13,998 2.97 0 New
Socialist Party of Timor 11,379 2.41 0 0
Social Democratic Party 10,158 2.15 0
National Development Party 9,386 1.99 0 New
Timorese Social Democratic Association 8,487 1.80 0
National Unity of Timorese Resistance 7,041 1.49 0 –2
Timorese Democratic Union 5,332 1.13 0 0
Republican Party 4,270 0.91 0 0
PLPA/PDRT coalition 4,012 0.85 0 0
Timorese People's Monarchy Association 3,968 0.84 0 New
National Unity Party 3,191 0.68 0 –3
Coligação Bloco Proclamador (PMD–PARENTIL) 3,125 0.66 0 0
Democratic Alliance (Kota/Trabalhista) 2,622 0.56 0 –2
Timorese Democratic Party 2,561 0.54 0 0
Liberal Democratic Party 2,222 0.47 0 New
People's Development Party 1,904 0.40 0 New
Christian Democratic Party 887 0.19 0 0
Invalid/blank votes 11,403
Total 482,792 100 65 0
Registered voters/turnout 645,624 74.78
Source: STAE, SAPO

References[edit]