East Tremont, Bronx

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East Tremont
Looking east across E182nd Street and Prospect Avenue
Looking east across E182nd Street and Prospect Avenue
Location in New York City
Coordinates: 40°50′46″N 73°53′31″W / 40.846°N 73.892°W / 40.846; -73.892Coordinates: 40°50′46″N 73°53′31″W / 40.846°N 73.892°W / 40.846; -73.892
Country United States
State New York
City New York City
Borough The Bronx
Community DistrictBronx 6[1]
Area
 • Total1.13 km2 (0.436 sq mi)
Population
 • Total43,423
 • Density38,000/km2 (100,000/sq mi)
Economics
 • Median income$24,443
ZIP codes
10457, 10460
Area code718, 347, 929, and 917
Websitewww.easttremont.nyc

East Tremont is a residential neighborhood located in the West Bronx, New York City. From the north and moving clockwise, it is bounded by East 180th Street, Southern Boulevard, the Cross-Bronx Expressway and Third Avenue. East Tremont Avenue is the primary thoroughfare through the neighborhood.

East Tremont is part of Bronx Community Board 6, and its ZIP codes include 10457 and 10460. The area is patrolled by the NYPD's 48th Precinct.[4] New York City Housing Authority property in the area is patrolled by P.S.A. 8 at 2794 Randall Avenue in the Throggs Neck section of the Bronx.

History[edit]

Part of East Tremont is sometimes called Bronx Park South, particularly the section that lies immediately southwest of the Bronx Zoo. At one time, the land encompassing the neighborhood was owned by the Lorillard Family, known for the Lorillard Tobacco Company.[5]

Demographics[edit]

Based on data from the 2010 United States Census, the population of East Tremont was 43,423, an increase of 4,143 (10.5%) from the 39,280 counted in 2000. Covering an area of 445.31 acres (180.21 ha), the neighborhood had a population density of 97.5 inhabitants per acre (62,400/sq mi; 24,100/km2).[3]

The racial makeup of the neighborhood was 1.4% (627) White, 29.4% (12,750) African American, 0.3% (110) Native American, 0.5% (229) Asian, 0.0% (4) Pacific Islander, 0.3% (150) from other races, and 0.8% (333) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 67.3% (29,220) of the population.[6]

The neighborhood predominately consists of Latin Americans (East Tremont has one of the highest concentrations of Puerto Ricans in New York City) and African Americans. There is a small but growing Dominican population. Almost half the population lives below the poverty line and receives public assistance (AFDC, Home Relief, Supplemental Security Income, and Medicaid). Most households are renter occupied.[7] The entirety of Community District 6, which comprises East Tremont and Belmont, had 87,476 inhabitants as of NYC Health's 2018 Community Health Profile, with an average life expectancy of 77.7 years.[8]:2, 20 This is lower than the median life expectancy of 81.2 for all New York City neighborhoods.[9]:53 (PDF p. 84)[10] Most inhabitants are youth and middle-aged adults: 29% are between the ages of between 0–17, 28% between 25–44, and 20% between 45–64. The ratio of college-aged and elderly residents was lower, at 14% and 9% respectively.[8]:2

As of 2017, the median household income in Community Districts 3 and 6, including Crotona Park East and Morrisania, was $25,972.[11] In 2018, an estimated 31% of East Tremont and Belmont residents lived in poverty, compared to 25% in all of the Bronx and 20% in all of New York City. One in six residents (16%) were unemployed, compared to 13% in the Bronx and 9% in New York City. Rent burden, or the percentage of residents who have difficulty paying their rent, is 60% in East Tremont and Belmont, compared to the boroughwide and citywide rates of 58% and 51% respectively. Based on this calculation, as of 2018, East Tremont and Belmont are gentrifying.[8]:7

Land use and terrain[edit]

Looking northwest across Park and Tremont Avenues in East Tremont, at former bank building

East Tremont is dominated by five and six story tenement buildings, older multi-unit homes, vacant lots, and newly constructed apartment buildings. Most of the original housing stock was structurally damaged by arson and eventually razed by the city. The land area, somewhat hilly, is less than one square mile.

There are two NYCHA developments located in East Tremont.[12]

  1. Twin Roads East (Site 9); one, 14-story building.
  2. East 180th Street-Monterey Avenue; one, 10-story building.

Police and crime[edit]

East Tremont and Belmont are patrolled by the 48th Precinct of the NYPD, located at 450 Cross Bronx Expressway.[4] The 48th Precinct ranked 56th safest out of 69 patrol areas for per-capita crime in 2010.[13] With a non-fatal assault rate of 152 per 100,000 people, East Tremont and Belmont's rate of violent crimes per capita is greater than that of the city as a whole. The incarceration rate of 1,015 per 100,000 people is higher than that of the city as a whole.[8]:8

The 48th Precinct has a lower crime rate than in the 1990s, with crimes across all categories having decreased by 71.7% between 1990 and 2018. The precinct saw 11 murders, 29 rapes, 276 robberies, 396 felony assaults, 182 burglaries, 424 grand larcenies, and 76 grand larcenies auto in 2018.[14]

Fire safety[edit]

East Tremont is served by two New York City Fire Department (FDNY) fire stations:[15] Engine Co. 46/Ladder Co. 27 at 460 Cross Bronx Expressway,[16] and Engine Co. 45/Ladder Co. 58/Battalion 18 at 925 East Tremont Avenue.[17]

Health[edit]

Preterm and teenage births are more common in East Tremont and Belmont than in other places citywide. In East Tremont and Belmont, there were 113 preterm births per 1,000 live births (compared to 87 per 1,000 citywide), and 30.4 teenage births per 1,000 live births (compared to 19.3 per 1,000 citywide).[8]:11 East Tremont and Belmont has a relatively average population of residents who are uninsured. In 2018, this population of uninsured residents was estimated to be 12%, equal to the citywide rate of 12%.[8]:14

The concentration of fine particulate matter, the deadliest type of air pollutant, in East Tremont and Belmont is 0.008 milligrams per cubic metre (8.0×10−9 oz/cu ft), more than the city average.[8]:9 Sixteen percent of East Tremont and Belmont residents are smokers, which is higher than the city average of 14% of residents being smokers.[8]:13 In East Tremont and Belmont, 36% of residents are obese, 22% are diabetic, and 32% have high blood pressure—compared to the citywide averages of 24%, 11%, and 28% respectively.[8]:16 In addition, 20% of children are obese, compared to the citywide average of 20%.[8]:12

Eighty-one percent of residents eat some fruits and vegetables every day, which is less than the city's average of 87%. In 2018, 69% of residents described their health as "good," "very good," or "excellent," lower than the city's average of 78%.[8]:13 For every supermarket in East Tremont and Belmont, there are 37 bodegas.[8]:10

The nearest hospitals are St Barnabas Hospital in Belmont and Bronx-Lebanon Hospital Center in Claremont.[18]

Post offices and ZIP codes[edit]

East Tremont is covered by the ZIP Codes 10457 west of Prospect Avenue and 10460 east of Prospect Avenue.[19] The United States Postal Service operates two post offices nearby: the Tremont Station at 757 East Tremont Avenue,[20]

Education[edit]

East Tremont and Belmont generally have a lower rate of college-educated residents than the rest of the city. While 19% of residents age 25 and older have a college education or higher, 36% have less than a high school education and 45% are high school graduates or have some college education. By contrast, 26% of Bronx residents and 43% of city residents have a college education or higher.[8]:6 The percentage of East Tremont and Belmont students excelling in math rose from 19% in 2000 to 44% in 2011, and reading achievement increased from 25% to 30% during the same time period.[21]

East Tremont and Belmont's rate of elementary school student absenteeism is more than the rest of New York City. In East Tremont and Belmont, 35% of elementary school students missed twenty or more days per school year, higher than the citywide average of 20%.[9]:24 (PDF p. 55)[8]:6 Additionally, 61% of high school students in East Tremont and Belmont graduate on time, lower than the citywide average of 75%.[8]:6

Schools[edit]

All are public schools.

PS 57
  • PS/MS 3: Raul Julia (East 180th St and LaFontaine Av)
  • PS 23: Early Childhood (East 181st St and Washington Av)
  • PS 32: Belmont (East 183rd St and Belmont Av)
  • PS 44: David Farragut (East 176th St and Prospect Av)
  • PS 57: Crescent/Frederick Douglass Academy V (East 180th St and Crotona Av)
  • PS 58: Tremont Park (East 176th St and Washington Av)
  • PS 59: Bathgate (East 182nd St and Bathgate Av)
  • PS 92: (East 179th St and Clinton Av)
  • PS/MS 211: The Bilingual School (Fairmount Place and Prospect Av)
  • PS 300/MS 129/P10/IS 316: Twin Parks (East 180th St and Mapes Av)
  • MS 118: William J. Niles (East 179th St and Arthur Av)
  • MS/HS 231: Eagle Academy for Young Men (East 176th St and 3rd Av)

Library[edit]

The New York Public Library operates the Tremont branch at 1866 Washington Avenue. The branch, a Carnegie library designed by Carrère and Hastings in the Italian Renaissance style, was opened in 1905.[22]

Transportation[edit]

There are no New York City Subway stations in East Tremont, though several bus routes connect with subway stations. The following MTA Regional Bus Operations bus routes serve East Tremont:[23]

The Metro-North Railroad's Harlem Line also serves East Tremont at the Tremont station.

References[edit]

Media related to East Tremont, Bronx at Wikimedia Commons

  1. ^ "NYC Planning | Community Profiles". communityprofiles.planning.nyc.gov. New York City Department of City Planning. Retrieved 4 March 2018.
  2. ^ "East Tremont neighborhood in New York". Retrieved 19 October 2015.
  3. ^ a b Table PL-P5 NTA: Total Population and Persons Per Acre - New York City Neighborhood Tabulation Areas*, 2010, Population Division - New York City Department of City Planning, February 2012. Accessed June 16, 2016.
  4. ^ a b "NYPD – 48th Precinct". www.nyc.gov. New York City Police Department. Retrieved October 3, 2016.
  5. ^ Walsh, Kevin (September 26, 2006). Forgotten New York: Views of a Lost Metropolis. HarperCollins. p. 21. ISBN 9780060754006.
  6. ^ Table PL-P3A NTA: Total Population by Mutually Exclusive Race and Hispanic Origin - New York City Neighborhood Tabulation Areas*, 2010, Population Division - New York City Department of City Planning, March 29, 2011. Accessed June 14, 2016.
  7. ^ "Bronx Community District 6" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2008-05-13. Retrieved 2009-05-21.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o "Belmont and East Tremont (Including Bathgate, Belmont, Bronx Park South, East Tremont and West Farms)" (PDF). nyc.gov. NYC Health. 2018. Retrieved March 2, 2019.
  9. ^ a b "2016-2018 Community Health Assessment and Community Health Improvement Plan: Take Care New York 2020" (PDF). nyc.gov. New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene. 2016. Retrieved September 8, 2017.
  10. ^ "New Yorkers are living longer, happier and healthier lives". New York Post. June 4, 2017. Retrieved March 1, 2019.
  11. ^ "NYC-Bronx Community District 3 & 6--Belmont, Crotona Park East & East Tremont PUMA, NY". Census Reporter. Retrieved July 17, 2018.
  12. ^ NYCHA Archived May 25, 2015, at the Wayback Machine
  13. ^ "Belmont and Bathgate, East Tremont – DNAinfo.com Crime and Safety Report". www.dnainfo.com. Archived from the original on April 15, 2017. Retrieved October 6, 2016.
  14. ^ "48th Precinct CompStat Report" (PDF). www.nyc.gov. New York City Police Department. Retrieved July 22, 2018.
  15. ^ "FDNY Firehouse Listing – Location of Firehouses and companies". NYC Open Data; Socrata. New York City Fire Department. September 10, 2018. Retrieved March 14, 2019.
  16. ^ "Engine Company 46/Ladder Company 27". FDNYtrucks.com. Retrieved March 14, 2019.
  17. ^ "Engine Company 45/Ladder Company 58/Battalion 18". FDNYtrucks.com. Retrieved March 14, 2019.
  18. ^ "Best 30 Hospitals in Bronx, NY with Reviews". Yellow Pages. Retrieved March 14, 2019.
  19. ^ "Tremont, New York City-Bronx, New York Zip Code Boundary Map (NY)". United States Zip Code Boundary Map (USA). Retrieved March 14, 2019.
  20. ^ "Location Details: Tremont". USPS.com. Retrieved March 7, 2019.
  21. ^ "East Tremont and Belmont – BX 06" (PDF). Furman Center for Real Estate and Urban Policy. 2011. Retrieved October 5, 2016.
  22. ^ "About the Tremont Library". The New York Public Library. Retrieved March 14, 2019.
  23. ^ "Bronx Bus Map" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. September 2017. Retrieved April 24, 2018.