East Wittering

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East Wittering
The Shops - East Wittering - geograph.org.uk - 580896.jpg
East Wittering shops
East Wittering is located in West Sussex
East Wittering
East Wittering
Location within West Sussex
Population4,658 (2011.Civil Parish)[1]
OS grid referenceSZ795972
• London60 miles (97 km) NNE
Civil parish
  • East Wittering and Bracklesham
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townCHICHESTER
Postcode districtPO20
Dialling code01243
PoliceSussex
FireWest Sussex
AmbulanceSouth East Coast
EU ParliamentSouth East England
UK Parliament
Websitehttp://www.ewbpc.org.uk/
List of places
UK
England
West Sussex
50°46′10″N 0°52′26″W / 50.76942°N 0.87377°W / 50.76942; -0.87377Coordinates: 50°46′10″N 0°52′26″W / 50.76942°N 0.87377°W / 50.76942; -0.87377

East Wittering is a coastal village in the Chichester district of West Sussex, England. The majority of the village lies within the civil parish of East Wittering and Bracklesham, while the western edge lies within the boundary of West Wittering civil parish. The village sits on the B2179 road 7 miles (11 km) southwest of Chichester, on the Manhood Peninsula.

History[edit]

There has been a settlement at East Wittering for over a thousand years. The Witterings were included in a grant of land to Bishop Wilfrid in the late 7th century. The area is mentioned in the Domesday Book, as part of the Hundred of Westringes (later Manhood). The Witterings together with Sidlesham were rated as 36 hides at the time of Edward the Confessor.[2] For centuries the manor of East Wittering was in the hands of the Wystryng family, who took their name from the place.[3]

The former 12th-century Anglican parish Church of the Assumption of St Mary the Virgin, has been replaced by the more modern St Anne's Church. St Anne's was built in the village centre during the 1950s, and the old church declared redundant in 1983.[4][5]

In Victorian times the RNLI raised enough subscriptions to launch a distress boat from the beach at East Wittering, a role now covered by the Fire Service.[6] Last century the area began to attract greater numbers of holiday makers[7] but in May 1944 it became the landing beach for the 3rd Canadian Infantry Division during a dummy run for D-Day,[8] code named Operation Fabius.[9]

Since then it has returned to a quiet area with a small primary school,[10] popular with week-end surfers.[11] Nikolaus Pevsner described the village as "a jumble of bungalows and chalets near the beach in an untidy half grown up state". St Anne's Anglican Church was designed by architect Harry Sherwood who was surveyor of the fabric of Chichester Cathedral. The foundation stone was laid on 6 June 1958. The Bishop of Chichester consecrated the church on 14 May 1959. There is a plaque inside with the inscription, 1914-1918 No lives were lost from this Parish. All returned safely. LAUS DEO which testifies to the fact that East Wittering is one of the Thankful Villages - those very rare places that suffered no fatalities during the Great War of 1914-1918.

Surfing[edit]

The whole stretch of Bracklesham Bay is a popular one with many surfers. With a low beach gradient and the lack of any obvious dangers such as rips or obstacles it is a great beach for learners and with one of the UK's longest running surf clubs, Shore Surf Club.[12][13]

Governance[edit]

An electoral ward of the same name exists. The ward includes surrounding areas. At the 2011 census it had a total ward population of 5,117.[14]

Landmarks[edit]

  • A war memorial on the eastern junction of the B2179 road and Cakeham road includes reference to East Wittering as a Thankful Village on the north west face. This £25,000 memorial replaced an earlier smaller one om an unveiling ceremony led by Bishop of Horsham in September 2015. [15]

Transport[edit]

East Wittering is most directly reached via the A286 road from Chichester to Birdham followed by the B2198 road to Bracklesham before taking the B2179 road. Alternatively the B2179 can be taken in the opposite direction from Birdham for a slightly longer route via West Wittering. The B2179 road skirts the centre of the village which lies on Cakeham Road.

East Wittering is served by a high frequency bus service from Chichester and Birdham passing alternatively clockwise and counter-clockwise round the Birdham, Bracklesham, East Wittering and West Wittering road loop formed by the B2198 and B2179 roads.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Civil Parish population 2011". Retrieved 15 October 2015.
  2. ^ Brandon, Peter (ed.). The South Saxons. Chichester: Phillimore. p. 203. ISBN 0-85033-240-0.
  3. ^ 'East Wittering', Victoria County century. Histories:A History of the County of Sussex: Volume 4: The Rape of Chichester (1953) pp215-217 Salzman, L
  4. ^ The Church of England Statistics & Information: Lists (by diocese) of closed church buildings as at October 2012 Retrieved 21 August 2014
  5. ^ St Annes, East Wittering retrieved 21 August 2014
  6. ^ W.S.F.S. Support Vessel details
  7. ^ 1937 Guide Book
  8. ^ Vhs VideoD-Day: Eyewitness–1994 FranboroughDD Videos DD 872 Ref:X102116997 1994
  9. ^ Details of exercise
  10. ^ School details
  11. ^ Surfers Description
  12. ^ Cook, Samantha; Saunders, Claire. The Rough Guide to Kent, Sussex and Surrey. Rough Guides. p. 295. ISBN 1-4093-6270-1.
  13. ^ http://www.shoresurfclub.co.uk/
  14. ^ "Ward population 2011". Retrieved 15 October 2015.
  15. ^ "East Wittering war memorial unveiled". Chichester Observer. 23 September 2015. Retrieved 17 June 2017.

External links[edit]

Media related to East Wittering at Wikimedia Commons