Eastern Army Group (Ottoman Empire)

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Eastern Army Group
Active June 7[1] – October 21, 1918[2]
Country Ottoman Empire
Type Army group
Patron Sultans of the Ottoman Empire
Engagements Caucasus Campaign (World War I)
Commanders
Notable
commanders
Vehip Pasha (June 7[1] – June 29, 1918)
Halil Pasha (June 29[3]-October 21, 1918[2])

The Eastern Army Group of the Ottoman Empire (Turkish: Şark Ordular Grubu or Şark Orduları Grubu) was one of the army groups of the Ottoman Army. It was formed during World War I.

World War I[edit]

Order of Battle, June 1918[edit]

In June 1918, the army group was structured as follows:[4]

Order of Battle, September 1918[edit]

In September 1918, the army group was structured as follows:[5]

  • Eastern Army Group (Ferik Halil Pasha)
  • Third Army, (Ferik Mehmed Esad Pasha)
    • 3rd Caucasian Division, 10th Caucasian Division, 36th Caucasian Division
  • Ninth Army, (Mirliva Yakub Shevki Pasha)
    • 9th Caucasian Division, 11th Caucasian Division, 12th Division, Independent Cavalry Brigade

After Mudros[edit]

Order of Battle, November 1918[edit]

In November 1918, the army group was structured as follows:[6]

  • Ninth Army, (Mirliva Yakub Shevki Pasha)
    • 3rd Caucasian Division (Ahıska)
    • 9th Caucasian Division (south of Erzincan)
    • 10th Caucasian Division (Batum - moving to Constantinople)
    • 11th Caucasian Division (Hoy)
    • 36th Caucasian Division (from Third Army, Gümrü)
    • 12th Division (Serdarabad)
    • Independent Cavalry Brigade
  • Army Of Islam (to October 27, 1918[2])

Sources[edit]

  1. ^ a b Edward J. Erickson, Edward J. Erickson, Order to Die: A History of the Ottoman Army in the First World War, Greenwoodpress, 2001, ISBN 0-313-31516-7, p. 187.
  2. ^ a b c Zekeriya Türkmen, Mütareke Döneminde Ordunun Durumu ve Yeniden Yapılanması (1918-1920), Türk Tarih Kurumu Basımevi, 2001, ISBN 975-16-1372-8, p. 31. (Turkish)
  3. ^ Nâsir Yücer, Birinci Dünya Savaşı'nda Osmanlı Ordusu'nun Azerbaycan ve Dağıstan Harekâtı: Azerbaycan ve Dağıstan'ın Bağımsızlığını Kazanması, 1918, Genelkurmay Basım Evi, 1996, ISBN 978-975-00524-0-8, p. 82. (Turkish)
  4. ^ Edward J. Erickson, Order to Die: A History of the Ottoman Army in the First World War, Greenwood Press, 2001, ISBN 0-313-31516-7, p. 188.
  5. ^ Edward J. Erickson, Order to Die: A History of the Ottoman Army in the First World War, Greenwood Press, 2001, ISBN 0-313-31516-7, p. 197.
  6. ^ Edward J. Erickson, Order to Die: A History of the Ottoman Army in the First World War, Greenwood Press, 2001, ISBN 0-313-31516-7, p. 202.

External links[edit]