Eastern Bengal and Assam
|Eastern Bengal and Assam
অসম ও পূর্ববঙ্গ
|Province of British India|
|-||Established||16 October 1905|
|-||Disestablished||1 April 1912|
|Today part of|| Bangladesh
India (following States):
Eastern Bengal and Assam (Bengali: পূর্ববঙ্গ ও আসাম; Assamese: অসম ও পূর্ববঙ্গ ) was a short-lived province of British India created through the Partition of Bengal in 1905. It constituted of eastern portion of the erstwhile Bengal Presidency, including modern-day Bangladesh and Indian states of Assam, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland and Tripura.
Eastern Bengal and Assam was separated from West Bengal, Bihar, and Orissa on 16 October 1905, with Dhaka as capital. A number of princely states, including the Koch Bihar and Tripura Kingdom, were in direct relations with the provincial governor, although not forming part of the province. According to the British government, the partition was necessary for the administrative purposes of governing a territory as large as France. However, the partition provoked popular uproar across Bengal and was seen by many Bengali Hindus as an attempt to divide and rule the region due to the rise of Bengali nationalism.
The province was dissolved in 1911, following a sustained mass protest campaign. The two parts of Bengal were then reunited and a new partition followed, this time based on language, with the Oriya and Assamese areas separating to form separate administrative units: Bihar and Orissa Province to the west and Assam Province to the east.
From 1905 to 1912, the province had a lieutenant governor heading the provincial government.
- Encyclopedia Britannica, "Eastern Bengal and Assam" https://en.wikisource.org/wiki/1911_Encyclop%C3%A6dia_Britannica/Eastern_Bengal_and_Assam
- David Gilmour, Curzon: Imperial Statesman (1994) pp. 271–3