Eastern clapper lark

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Eastern clapper lark
Eastern clapper lark (Mirafra fasciolata subsp fasciolata), crop.jpg
M. f. subsp. fasciolata at Tswalu Kalahari Reserve, South Africa
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Alaudidae
Genus: Mirafra
Species:
M. fasciolata
Binomial name
Mirafra fasciolata
(Sundevall, 1850)
Subspecies

see text

Eastern Clapper Lark.png
     resident range
Synonyms
  • Alauda fasciolata
  • Mirafra damarensis

The eastern clapper lark (Mirafra fasciolata) is a small passerine bird which breeds in southern Africa. It derives its name from the wing clapping which forms part of its display flight.

Taxonomy and systematics[edit]

The Eastern clapper lark was originally placed in the genus Alauda. This species and the Cape clapper lark were formerly considered conspecific as the clapper lark (M. apiata) until split in 2009.[2] The Eastern clapper lark and the Cape clapper lark are regarded as forming a superspecies with the flappet lark, which is found further to the north.[3] Damara clapper lark is an alternate name for the Cape clapper lark.

Subspecies[edit]

Five subspecies are recognized:[4]

  • M. f. reynoldsi - Benson & Irwin, 1965: Found in northern Namibia, northern Botswana and south-western Zambia
  • M. f. jappi - Traylor, 1962: Found in western Namibia
  • M. f. nata - Smithers, 1955: Found in north-eastern Botswana
  • M. f. damarensis - Sharpe, 1875: Found in northern and central Namibia, western and central Botswana
  • M. f. fasciolata - (Sundevall, 1850): Found in south-central Botswana, northern and central South Africa

Description[edit]

This lark is a 15-cm-long bird, with a brown crown, rich rufous underparts, and a strong bill. It has brown upperparts (greyer in the north of its range). Its call is an ascending "pooooeeeee".

Distribution and habitat[edit]

The eastern clapper lark is found in much of the drier parts of southern Africa in Zambia, Namibia, Botswana, Lesotho and South Africa. It is a species of open grassland and savannah.

Behaviour and ecology[edit]

Wing clapping during the ascent of the short display flight

The eastern clapper lark is a skulking species, difficult to find when not displaying. It is not gregarious, and individuals tend to be seen in dry habitats feeding on the ground on seeds and insects. The display commences with an ascending flight with wing flapping. It then parachutes down with trailing legs.

References[edit]

  1. ^ BirdLife International. 2016. Mirafra fasciolata. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T103765243A104188133. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T103765243A104188133.en. Downloaded on 16 October 2018.
  2. ^ "Species Version 2 « IOC World Bird List". www.worldbirdnames.org. Retrieved 2016-11-22.
  3. ^ 1931-, Keith, Stuart; 1934-, Urban, Emil K.; Martin., Woodcock; Ian., Willis (2000-01-01). The birds of Africa. Vol. 6. Academic Press. ISBN 978-0121373061. OCLC 59539112.
  4. ^ "IOC World Bird List 6.4". IOC World Bird List Datasets. doi:10.14344/ioc.ml.6.4.