Eastern European Group

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The Eastern European Group in 2012, with the years each member spent in the United Nations Security Council, including former members represented as outlines

The Eastern European Group (EEG), also known as Countries with Economies in Transition (CEIT), is one of the five unofficial Regional Groups in the United Nations that act as voting blocs and negotiation forums. Regional voting blocs were formed in 1961 to encourage voting to various UN bodies from regional groups. The group consists of countries in Eastern Europe and the Caucasus, which form the area of the former Eastern Bloc. Europe is divided between the EEG and the Western European and Others Group. The group currently has 23 members.

History[edit]

Prior to the creation of the Regional Groups in 1966, the UNSC had an Eastern European and Asian Seat, that was taken between 1946 and 1966 by countries from Eastern Europe (including Greece and Turkey, members of the modern Western European and Others Group (WEOG)) and Asia (members of the modern Asia-Pacific Group). The Eastern European Group exists since 1966. It has changed significantly due to the dissolution of some of its members. These dissolutions are those of the Soviet Union (1991), Yugoslavia (1991-2006), and Czechoslovakia (1993). Also, through the German reunification, the Eastern European Group lost East Germany as its member. All the new countries created in Europe stayed in the bloc, and the Central Asian post-Soviet states joined the Asia-Pacific Group.

Members[edit]

Current members[edit]

Historical members[edit]

Representation[edit]

The Eastern European Group has two seats in the United Nations Security Council (UNSC); the permanent seat of Russia, and one elected seat, currently held by Lithuania. The Group further has 6 seats on the United Nations Economic and Social Council and 6 seats on the United Nations Human Rights Council. It is also eligible for having its nationals elected as President of the United Nations General Assembly in years ending with 2 and 7; most recently, Vuk Jeremić of Serbia was elected to this position in June 2012 and was the office holder of the Sixty-seventh session.

List of presidents of the United Nations General Assembly[edit]

A map showing from which countries from the Eastern European Group has there been elected a President of the United Nations General Assembly as of September 2012.
Year elected Name of President[2] Group member state Notes
1967 Corneliu Mănescu  Romania
1972 Stanisław Trepczyński  Poland
1977 Lazar Mojsov  Yugoslavia Macedonian
1982 Imre Hollai  Hungary
1987 Peter Florin  German Democratic Republic
1992 Stoyan Ganev  Bulgaria
1997 Hennadiy Udovenko  Ukraine
2002 Jan Kavan  Czech Republic
2007 Srgjan Kerim  Macedonia[3]
2012 Vuk Jeremić  Serbia Election
2017 TBD TBD

List of presidents of the United Nations Security Council[edit]

Source[4][5][6][7][8][9]

Dates State Name
17 August – 16 September 1946  Poland Oskar R. Lange
17 September – 16 October 1946  Soviet Union Andrei Gromyko
July 1947  Poland Oskar R. Lange (2)
September 1947  Soviet Union Andrei Gromyko (2)
July 1948 Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic Ukrainian SSR Dmitry Manuilsky
August 1948  Soviet Union Yakov Malik
July 1949 Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic Ukrainian SSR Dmitry Manuilsky (2)
August 1949  Soviet Union Semyon K. Tsarapkin
August 1950  Soviet Union Yakov Malik (2)
November 1950  Yugoslavia Aleš Bebler
June 1951  Soviet Union Yakov Malik (3)
September 1951  Yugoslavia Aleš Bebler (2)
June 1952  Soviet Union Yakov Malik (4)
April 1953  Soviet Union Andrey Vyshinsky
April 1954  Soviet Union Andrey Vyshinsky (2)
April 1955  Soviet Union Arkady Sobolev
February 1956  Soviet Union Arkady Sobolev (2)
May 1956  Yugoslavia Jože Brilej (sl)
March 1957  Soviet Union Arkady Sobolev (3)
February 1958  Soviet Union Arkady Sobolev (4)
February 1959  Soviet Union Arkady Sobolev (5)
January 1960  Soviet Union Arkady Sobolev (6)
December 1960  Soviet Union Valerian Zorin
November 1961  Soviet Union Valerian Zorin (2)
September 1962  Romania Mihail Haseganu
October 1962  Soviet Union Platon Morozov and Valerian Zorin (3)
October 1963  Soviet Union Nikolai Fedorenko
April 1964  Czechoslovakia Jiří Hájek
September 1964  Soviet Union Platon Morozov (2)
July 1965  Soviet Union Platon Morozov (3)
September 1966  Soviet Union Nikolai Fedorenko (2)
March 1967  Bulgaria Milko Tarabanov
April 1968  Soviet Union Yakov Malik
March 1969  Hungary Károly Csatorday
September 1969  Soviet Union Yakov Malik (2)
December 1970  Soviet Union Yakov Malik (3)
March 1972  Soviet Union Yakov Malik (4)
June 1972  Yugoslavia Lazar Mojsov
June 1973  Soviet Union Yakov Malik (5)
September 1973  Yugoslavia Lazar Mojsov (2)
August 1974  Soviet Union Yakov Malik (6)
January 1975 Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic Byelorussian SSR Guerodot G. Tchernouchtchenko
November 1975  Soviet Union Yakov Malik (7)
December 1976  Romania Ion Datcu
January 1977  Soviet Union Oleg Troyanovsky
February 1978  Soviet Union Oleg Troyanovsky (2)
September 1978  Czechoslovakia Ilya Hulinsky
June 1979  Soviet Union Oleg Troyanovsky (3)
February 1980  German Democratic Republic Peter Florin
October 1980  Soviet Union Oleg Troyanovsky (4)
March 1981  German Democratic Republic Peter Florin (2)
January 1982  Soviet Union Oleg Troyanovsky (5)
February 1983  Soviet Union Oleg Troyanovsky (6)
April 1984 Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic Ukrainian SSR Vladimir A. Kravets
May 1984  Soviet Union Oleg Troyanovsky (7)
July 1985 Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic Ukrainian SSR Hennadiy Udovenko
August 1985  Soviet Union Oleg Troyanovsky (8)
September 1986  Soviet Union Alexander Belonogov
April 1987  Bulgaria Boris Tsvetkov
December 1987  Soviet Union Alexander Belonogov (2)
March 1988  Yugoslavia Dragoslav Pejic
April 1989  Soviet Union Alexander Belonogov (3)
July 1989  Yugoslavia Dragoslav Pejic (2)
August 1990  Romania Aurel-Dragos Munteanu
September 1990  Soviet Union Yuli Mikhailovich Vorontsov and Eduard Shevardnadze
November 1991  Romania Aurel-Dragos Munteanu (2)
December 1991  Soviet Union /  Russia Yuli Mikhailovich Vorontsov (2)
November 1992  Hungary Andre Erdos
May 1993  Russia Yuli Mikhailovich Vorontsov (3)
August 1994  Russia Yuli Mikhailovich Vorontsov (4)
April 1995  Czech Republic Karel Kovanda and Alexandr Vondra
December 1995  Russia Sergey Lavrov
June 1997  Russia Sergey Lavrov (2)
July 1998  Russia Sergey Lavrov (3)
August 1998  Slovenia Danilo Türk
October 1999  Russia Sergey Lavrov (4)
November 1999  Slovenia Danilo Türk (2) and Boris Frlec
December 2000  Russia Sergey Lavrov (6)
April 2002  Russia Sergey Lavrov (7)
September 2002  Bulgaria Solomon Passy, Stefan Tafrov, Georgi Parvanov, and Rayko Strahilov Raytchev
June 2003  Russia Sergey Lavrov (8)
December 2003  Bulgaria Stefan Tafrov (2) and Solomon Passy
July 2004  Romania Mihnea Motoc, Adrian Năstase, and Mircea Geoană
August 2004  Russia Andrey Denisov
November 2005  Russia Andrey Denisov[10] (2)
January 2007  Russia Vitaly Churkin[11]
February 2007  Slovakia Peter Burian[12]
March 2008  Russia Vitaly Churkin[13] (2)
December 2008  Croatia Neven Jurica,[14] Stjepan Mesić,[15] and Ivo Sanader[16]
May 2009  Russia Vitaly Churkin[17] (3) and Sergey Lavrov[18] (9)
August 2010  Russia Vitaly Churkin[19] (4)
December 2011  Russia Vitaly Churkin[20] (5)
March 2013  Russia Vitaly Churkin[21] (6)
February 2014  Lithuania Raimonda Murmokaitė[22] and Linas Antanas Linkevičius[23]
June 2014  Russian Federation Vitaly Churkin[24] (7)
May 2015  Lithuania Raimonda Murmokaitė[25] (2)
October 2016  Russian Federation[26] Vitaly Churkin (8)

List of presidents of the United Nations Economic and Social Council[edit]

Year elected Name of President[27] Group member state Notes
1946 Andrija Štampar (Acting)  Yugoslavia 3rd session
1947 Ján Papánek (Acting)  Czechoslovakia 5th session
1962 Jerzy Michalowski  Poland
1967 Milan Klusák  Czechoslovakia
1972 Karoly Szarka  Hungary
1977 Ladislav Šmíd  Czechoslovakia
1982 Miljan Komatina  Yugoslavia
1987 Eugeniusz Noworyta  Poland
1992 Darko Šilović  Yugoslavia elected in January
Robert Mroziewicz  Poland elected in June
1997 Karel Kovanda  Czech Republic
2002 Ivan Šimonović  Croatia
2007 Dalius Čekuolis  Lithuania
2012 Miloš Koterec  Slovakia
2017 TBD TBD

Timeline of membership[edit]

As the Eastern European Group changed significantly over time, the number of its members had also changed.

Years Number of members Notes
1966–1973 10 The Eastern Bloc; Ukraine (as Ukrainian SSR) and Belarus (as Byelorussian SSR) were members on their own right (see here)
1973–1990 11 with the German Democratic Republic
1990 10 German reunification
1991 13 Independence of the Baltic states
1992 20 Dissolution of the Soviet Union, Breakup of Yugoslavia
1993–2006 22 Dissolution of Czechoslovakia, Independence of the Republic of Macedonia
2006–present 23 Independent Montenegro

References[edit]

  1. ^ Referred to by the United Nations as "The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia"
  2. ^ Presidents of the General Assembly of the United Nations. Un.org. Retrieved on 2016-10-15.
  3. ^ Referred to by the United Nations as "The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia"
  4. ^ Presidents of the Security Council : 1946-1949, un.org.
  5. ^ Presidents of the Security Council : 1950-1959 Archived August 28, 2011, at the Wayback Machine., un.org.
  6. ^ Presidents of the Security Council : 1960-1969 Archived August 8, 2007, at the Wayback Machine., un.org.
  7. ^ Presidents of the Security Council : 1970-1979, un.org.
  8. ^ Presidents of the Security Council : 1980-1989, un.org.
  9. ^ Presidents of the Security Council : 1990-1999 Archived October 18, 2012, at the Wayback Machine., un.org.
  10. ^ "Security Council Press Statement On Ethiopia And Eritrea". Un.org. Retrieved 2012-12-26. 
  11. ^ Press Conference By Security Council President
  12. ^ Security Council Press Statement On Somalia
  13. ^ Security Council Press Statement On Darfur
  14. ^ Security Council Press Statement On United Nations Regional Centre For Preventive Diplomacy For Central Asia
  15. ^ SECURITY COUNCIL, EXPRESSING DEEP CONCERN OVER ‘CONTINUOUS TERRORIST ATTACKS’, CALLS FOR RENEWAL OF GLOBAL SOLIDARITY AGAINST THREAT MANIFESTED AFTER 9/11
  16. ^ Adopting Text On Middle East Conflict, Security Council Reaffirms Support For Annapolis Outcomes, Declares Negotiations ‘Irreversible’
  17. ^ Security Council Press Statement On Sri Lanka
  18. ^ Security Council Presidential Statement Reiterates Urgent Need For Renewed Efforts To Achieve Comprehensive Peace In Middle East
  19. ^ Security Council Press Statement on Panel of Inquiry on 31 May Flotilla Incident
  20. ^ Security Council Press Statement on Democratic Republic of the Congo
  21. ^ [1]
  22. ^ "SC/11269 - Security Council Press Statement on Lebanon". United Nations Department of Public Information, News and Media Division, New York. Retrieved 4 February 2014. 
  23. ^ "SC/11279 - Security Council issues presidential statement applauding European Union's partnership with United Nations in resolving global challenges". United Nations Department of Public Information, News and Media Division, New York. Retrieved 22 February 2014. 
  24. ^ [2]
  25. ^ [3]
  26. ^ http://www.un.org/en/sc/presidency/
  27. ^ Presidents of the United Nations Economic and Social Council. Un.org. Retrieved on 2016-04-23.