Eastern European Time

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This article is about the time zone with daylight change in Europe. For the static time zone, see UTC+02.
Time in Europe:
light blue Western European Time, Greenwich Mean Time (UTC±00:00)
blue Western European Time, Greenwich Mean Time (UTC±00:00)
Western European Summer Time (UTC+01:00)
pink West Africa Time (UTC+01:00)
red Central European Time (UTC+01:00)
Central European Summer Time (UTC+02:00)
yellow Eastern European Time (UTC+02:00)
golden Eastern European Time (UTC+02:00)
Eastern European Summer Time (UTC+03:00)
light green Further-eastern European Time (UTC+03:00)
Light colours indicate where standard time is observed all year; dark colours indicate where a summer time is observed.

Eastern European Time (EET) is one of the names of UTC+02:00 time zone, 2 hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time.


The following countries, parts of countries, and territories use Eastern European Time during the winter only:

The following countries, parts of countries, and territories use Eastern European Time all year round:

Formerly Eastern European Time has been used in the following areas:

  • Moscow used EET in years 1922–30 and 1991–92.
  • Belarus, in years 1922–30 and 1990–2011[2]
  • In Poland this time was used in years 1918–22.
  • In time of World War II, Germany implemented MET (CET) in east occupied territories.
  • Republic of Crimea and Sevastopol used in years 1991-94 and 1996-2014

Sometimes, due to its use on Microsoft Windows,[3] FLE Standard Time (for Finland, Lithuania, Estonia,[4] or sometimes Finland, Latvia, Estonia[5]) or GTB Standard Time (for Greece, Turkey, Bulgaria) are used to refer to Eastern European Time.


Since political, in addition to purely geographical, criteria are used in the drawing of time zones, it follows that actual time zones do not precisely adhere to meridian lines. The EET (UTC+2) time zone, were it drawn by purely geographical terms, would consist of exactly the area between meridians 22°30' E and 37°30' E. As a result, there are European locales that despite lying in an area with a "physical" UTC+2 time, actually use another time zone; contrariwise, there are European areas that have gone for UTC+2, even though their "physical" time zone is different from that. Following is a list of such incongruencies:

Areas located outside UTC+2 longitudes using Eastern European Time (UTC+2) time[edit]

Colour Legal time vs local mean time
1 h ± 30 m behind
0 h ± 30 m
1 h ± 30 m ahead
2 h ± 30 m ahead
3 h ± 30 m ahead
European winter

Areas west of 22°30' E ("physical" UTC+1) that use UTC+2[edit]

Areas east of 37°30' E ("physical" UTC+3) that use UTC+2[edit]

Areas located within UTC+2 longitudes (22°30' E – 37°30' E) using other time zones[edit]

Areas that use UTC+1[edit]

These areas have sunrises and sunsets at least half an hour earlier than places on the UTC+1 meridian.

  • The easternmost part of the Republic of Macedonia, including the city of Strumica.
  • The absolutely easternmost part of Serbia, in the Pirot District, including the city of Pirot.
  • The extreme easternmost tips of Hungary and Slovakia, bordering to the north and south respectively the Ukrainian Transcarpathian Oblast (Zakarpattia Oblast), a bit to the east of the Vásárosnamény, Hungary – Uzhhorod, Ukraine (both at 22°18' E) line
  • The easternmost part of Poland, including the cities of Lublin and Białystok
  • The extreme northeast of Sweden, in the Norrbotten province, including the cities of Kalix and Haparanda
  • The northeast of Norway, lying north of Finland, roughly coinciding with the county of Finnmark. Actually, the easternmost town in Norway, Vardø, lies at 30°51' E, which is so far east, so as to be east even of the central meridian of EET (UTC+2), i.e. east of Istanbul and Alexandria. The Norwegian-Russian border (incl. border passings such as Kirkenes) is the only place where CET (UTC+1/+2) borders Moscow time (UTC+3), resulting in a one (or two in winter) hour time change for the passenger crossing that border. There exists a "tri-zone" point (where UTC+1, UTC+2, and UTC+3 meet) at the Norway-Finland-Russia tripoint (look for the town of Nautsi in this map).

Areas that use UTC+3[edit]

  • Belarus is located between 23°11′E and 32°47′E and is thus fully located with the physical UTC+2 area, but it uses UTC+3 year around.

Areas that use UTC+3[edit]

  • Practically all European Russia west of Moscow; this includes the chunk of land from Murmansk all the way south to Belgorod, including the cities of St. Petersburg, Novgorod, and Pskov, to name only a few. (The westernmost point of contiguous Russia, near Lavry, Pskov Oblast, 27°19' E, is actually the westernmost point in European Russia where UTC+3 is applied.) This also includes the city of Anapa, at the westernmost tip of the Krasnodar Krai near the entrance to the Sea of Azov, at 37°22' E.

Tripoints and borders between zones[edit]

  • The Norway–Russia–Finland "tri-zone" point at Muotkavaara (see Central European Time) is the only year-around "tri-zone" in Europe.
  • All four two tripoints of Belarus and the tripoint of the Kaliningrad Region are surrounded by three different times in winter.
  • The short (9 km or 6 mi) only Turkey–Azerbaijan (Nakhichevan exclave) border exhibits the same property as the Norway–Russia one, in that by travelling from west (Turkey) to east (Azerbaijan) one moves forward not one, but two time zones (UTC+2 to UTC+4)

Major metropolitan areas[edit]