Eastern European Time

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This article is about the time zone with daylight change in Europe. For the static time zone, see UTC+02.
Time in Europe:
light blue Western European Time / Greenwich Mean Time (UTC)
blue Western European Time / Greenwich Mean Time (UTC)
Western European Summer Time (UTC+1)
red Central European Time (UTC+1)
Central European Summer Time (UTC+2)
yellow Eastern European Time / Kaliningrad Time (UTC+2)
golden Eastern European Time (UTC+2)
Eastern European Summer Time (UTC+3)
light green Further-eastern European Time (UTC+3)
Light colours indicate where standard time is observed all year; dark colours indicate where a summer time is observed.
Time in Africa
    UTC−01:00 Cape Verde Time
    UTC±00:00 Greenwich Mean Time
    UTC±00:00
UTC+01:00
Western European Time
Western European Summer Time
    UTC+01:00 West Africa Time /
Central European Time
    UTC+01:00
UTC+02:00
West Africa Time
West Africa Summer Time
    UTC+02:00 Central Africa Time /
South African Standard Time /
Eastern European Time
    UTC+03:00 East Africa Time
    UTC+04:00 Mauritius Time / Seychelles Time
Light colors indicate where standard time is observed all year; dark colors indicate where daylight savings is observed.

Note: The islands of Cape Verde are to the west of the African mainland.
Time in the Middle East
    UTC+02:00 Eastern European Time
    UTC+02:00

UTC+03:00
Eastern European Time /
Israel Standard Time
Eastern European Summer Time /
Israel Summer (Daylight) Time
    UTC+03:00 Arabia Standard Time
    UTC+03:30
UTC+04:30
Iran Standard Time
Iran Daylight Time
    UTC+04:00 Gulf Standard Time
Light colors indicate where standard time is observed all year; dark colors indicate where daylight savings is observed.


Eastern European Time (EET) is one of the names of UTC+02:00 time zone, 2 hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. The zone uses daylight savings time, so that it uses UTC+03:00 during the summer.

Usage[edit]

The following countries, parts of countries, and territories use Eastern European Time all year round:

The following countries, parts of countries, and territories use Eastern European Time during the winter only:

The following countries, parts of countries, and territories use Eastern European Time in the past:

  • Moscow used EET in years 1922–30 and 1991–92.
  • Belarus, in years 1922–30 and 1990–2011[2]
  • In Poland this time was used in years 1918–22.
  • In time of World War II, Germany implemented MET (CET) in east occupied territories.
  • Republic of Crimea and Sevastopol used EET as part of Ukraine in years 1991-94 and 1996-2014

Sometimes, due to its use on Microsoft Windows,[3] FLE Standard Time (for Finland, Lithuania, Estonia,[4] or sometimes Finland, Latvia, Estonia[5]) or GTB Standard Time (for Greece, Turkey, Bulgaria) are used to refer to Eastern European Time.

Anomalies[edit]

Since political, in addition to purely geographical, criteria are used in the drawing of time zones, it follows that actual time zones do not precisely adhere to meridian lines. The EET (UTC+2) time zone, were it drawn by purely geographical terms, would consist of exactly the area between meridians 22°30' E and 37°30' E. As a result, there are European locales that despite lying in an area with a "physical" UTC+2 time, actually use another time zone; likewise, there are European areas that have gone for UTC+2, even though their "physical" time zone is different from that. Following is a list of such anomalies:

Areas located outside UTC+2 longitudes using Eastern European Time (UTC+2) time[edit]

European winter
Colour Legal time vs local mean time
1 h ± 30 m behind
0 h ± 30 m
1 h ± 30 m ahead
2 h ± 30 m ahead
3 h ± 30 m ahead

Areas west of 22°30' E ("physical" UTC+1) that use UTC+2[edit]

Areas east of 37°30' E ("physical" UTC+3) that use UTC+2[edit]

  • Eastern Turkey, incl. inter alia the cities of Van (43°37' E), Diyarbakır, Trabzon, and Malatya; practically, it comprises all Turkish territory east of Gaziantep, though this is not geographical Europe. The easternmost city of Turkey is Şemdinli at 44°34' E; that is very close to the 45th meridian, which precisely corresponds to UTC+3. There are two "tri-zone" points involving Turkey:
  • The easternmost part of Ukraine, including the cities of Luhansk, Donetsk, and Mariupol. The town of Milove, Luhansk Oblast, on the Ukrainian-Russian border, is the easternmost city in geographical Europe that applies UTC+2 (if political Europe, which includes the Anatolian part of Turkey, is to be considered, then that title goes to Şemdinli; see above)

Areas located within UTC+2 longitudes (22°30' E – 37°30' E) using other time zones[edit]

Areas that use UTC+1[edit]

These areas have sunrises and sunsets at least half an hour earlier than places on the UTC+1 meridian.

Areas that use UTC+3[edit]

  • Belarus is located between 23°11′E and 32°47′E and is thus fully located with the physical UTC+2 area, but it uses UTC+3 year around.

Areas that use UTC+3[edit]

  • Practically all European Russia west of Moscow; this includes the chunk of land from Murmansk all the way south to Belgorod, including the cities of St. Petersburg, Novgorod, and Pskov, to name only a few. (The westernmost point of contiguous Russia, near Lavry, Pskov Oblast, 27°19' E, is actually the westernmost point in European Russia where UTC+3 is applied.) This also includes the city of Anapa, at the westernmost tip of the Krasnodar Krai near the entrance to the Sea of Azov, at 37°22' E.

Tripoints and borders between zones[edit]

  • The Norway–Russia–Finland "tri-zone" point at Muotkavaara (see Central European Time) is surrounded by three different times in winter, two in summer. It had three time zones year-around before 2014.
  • Two of the four tripoints of Belarus and the tripoint of the Kaliningrad Region are surrounded by three different times in winter.
  • The short (9 km or 6 mi) only Turkey–Azerbaijan (Nakhichevan exclave) border exhibits the same property as the Norway–Russia one, in that by travelling from west (Turkey) to east (Azerbaijan) one moves forward not one, but two time zones (UTC+2 to UTC+4) in winter, one in summer.

Major metropolitan areas[edit]

Winter only

Year round

References[edit]