Regions of Indonesia

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This is a list of some of the regions of Indonesia. Many regions are defined in law or regulations by the central government. At different times of Indonesia's history, the nation has been designated as having regions that do not necessarily correlate to the current administrative or physical geography of the territory of the nation.

Geographical units[edit]

Regions of Indonesia according to ISO 3166-2:ID
  ID-SM
  ID-JW
  ID-KA
  ID-NU
  ID-SL
  ID-ML
  ID-PP

According to ISO 3166-2:ID, Indonesia is divided into 7 geographical units, with each unit consisting of major islands or an island group. These geographical units are as follows:

Code Geographical unit Provinces
  ID-SM
Sumatra Aceh, the Bangka Belitung Islands, Bengkulu, Jambi, Lampung, North Sumatra, Riau, the Riau Islands, South Sumatra, and West Sumatra
  ID-JW
Java Banten, Central Java, East Java, the Special Capital Region of Jakarta, the Special Region of Yogyakarta, and West Java
  ID-KA
Kalimantan Central Kalimantan, East Kalimantan, North Kalimantan, South Kalimantan, and West Kalimantan
  ID-NU
Lesser Sunda Islands Bali, East Nusa Tenggara, and West Nusa Tenggara
  ID-SL
Sulawesi Central Sulawesi, Gorontalo, North Sulawesi, Southeast Sulawesi, South Sulawesi, and West Sulawesi
  ID-ML
Maluku Islands Maluku and North Maluku
  ID-PP
Western New Guinea Papua and West Papua

Western and Eastern Indonesia[edit]

During the last stages of the Dutch colonial era, the area east of Java and Kalimantan was known as the Great East and later known as Eastern Indonesia. On 24 December 1946, the State of East Indonesia was formed covering the same area (excluding Western New Guinea). It was a component of the United States of Indonesia, and was dissolved into the unitary Republic of Indonesia in August 1950.[1] Currently, Eastern Indonesia consists of 13 provinces: Bali, West Nusa Tenggara, East Nusa Tenggara, North Sulawesi, Gorontalo, Central Sulawesi, West Sulawesi, South Sulawesi, Southeast Sulawesi, Maluku, North Maluku, Papua, and West Papua.[2][3][4] Meanwhile, the rest of provinces in Sumatra, Java, and Kalimantan are known as the Western Indonesia.[5]

Development regions[edit]

According to the National Development Planning Agency, Indonesia is divided into 4 main development regions, with each being led by the major cities of Medan, Jakarta, Surabaya, and Makassar.[6][7][8]

4 main development regions of Indonesia
Main development region Central city Development regions Provinces
Main Development Region A
(Wilayah Pembangunan Utama A)
Medan Development Region I Aceh, North Sumatra
Development Region II West Sumatra, Riau, Riau Islands
Main Development Region B
(Wilayah Pembangunan Utama B)
Jakarta Development Region III Jambi, South Sumatra, Bengkulu, Bangka Belitung Islands
Development Region IV Lampung, Banten, Special Capital Region of Jakarta, West Java, Central Java, Special Region of Yogyakarta
Development Region V West Kalimantan
Main Development Region C
(Wilayah Pembangunan Utama C)
Surabaya Development Region VI East Java, Bali
Development Region VII Central Kalimantan, North Kalimantan, East Kalimantan, South Kalimantan
Main Development Region D
(Wilayah Pembangunan Utama D)
Makassar Development Region VIII West Nusa Tenggara, East Nusa Tenggara, West Sulawesi, South Sulawesi, Southeast Sulawesi
Development Region IX Central Sulawesi, Gorontalo, North Sulawesi
Development Region X Maluku, North Maluku, Papua, West Papua

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Ricklefs 2008, pp. 362, 374.
  2. ^ Media, Kompas Cyber (6 March 2012). "13 Provinsi di Indonesia Timur Gelar Konsultasi Regional - Kompas.com".
  3. ^ Agency, ANTARA News. "BI Catat Bali Raih Inflasi Terendah KTI - ANTARA News Bali".
  4. ^ "Bawaslu Siap Kelola Keuangan Pilkada 2018 Secara Akuntabel - Badan Pengawas Pemilihan Umum Republik Indonesia". bawaslu.go.id.
  5. ^ Badan Riset dan Inovasi Nasional Republik Indonesia (2021-03-19). "Sosialisasi dan Bimtek Indeks Daya Saing Daerah untuk Kawasan Barat Indonesia (Sumatera, Jawa dan Kalimantan) | Berita - Index Daya Saing Daerah (IDSD)". Indeks-inovasi.brin.go.id. Retrieved 2022-04-23.
  6. ^ "26. Z. Irian Jaya". bappenas.go.id (Word DOC) (in Indonesian).
  7. ^ Geografi. ISBN 9789797596194.
  8. ^ Geografi: Jelajah Bumi dan Alam Semesta. ISBN 9789799281623.

References[edit]