The Eastern Mediterranean denotes the countries geographically to the east of the Mediterranean Sea (Levantine Seabasin). The Eastern Mediterranean populations share not only geographic position but also cuisine, certain customs, and a long, intertwined history.
This eastern Mediterranean region is commonly interpreted in two ways:
- The more broad definition of the Levant which includes its historically tied neighboring countries, Greece and Egypt.
- The region of Syria with the island of Cyprus (also known as the Levant), and Turkey, which limits the definition to Western Asia
The countries and territories of the Eastern Mediterranean include Cyprus, Greece, Lebanon, Syria, Israel, Palestine, Turkey, Egypt, Libya, and Jordan.  The countries under the term North-eastern Mediterranean could sometimes include Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece (usually included within Eastern Mediterranean countries) Slovenia, Macedonia, Serbia, Montenegro, Romania, and Ukraine.
- Greater Syria
- Byzantine Empire
- Ottoman Empire
- Fertile Crescent
- Levantine Sea
- Near East
- Ancient Near East
- Names of the Levant
- Eastern Mediterranean University
- List of Mediterranean countries
- Mediterranean Basin
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