Eastern Mediterranean Squadron

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Eastern Mediterranean Squadron
Naval Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg
Active1914–1919
CountryUnited Kingdom
AllegianceBritish Empire
BranchRoyal Navy
TypeNaval station
Part of
Garrison/HQMudros, (1914-1919)
Salonika, (1917-1919)

The Eastern Mediterranean Squadron [1] and later known as the British Aegean Squadron [2] was a sub- command of the Mediterranean Fleet based at Mudros from 1914 to 1916 then alternating between Mudros and Salonika [3] from 1917 to 1919.[4]

History[edit]

The Eastern Mediterranean Squadron was established in September 1914 [5] as a sub-command of the Mediterranean Fleet. In August 1917 it was redesignated the British Aegean Squadron for the remainder of World War One and when it was gradually disbanded from May to September 1919.[6]

Administration and operational command[edit]

Eastern Mediterranean Command structure as of 19 February 1915.[7]

  • Commander-in-Chief, Eastern Mediterranean----------------Chief of Staff, East Mediterranean
    • Second in Command, Eastern Mediterranean
    • SNO, Mudros

Note:The post was also styled as Commander-in-Chief, Eastern Mediterranean Squadron.[8]

Vice-Admirals, Commanding Eastern Mediterranean Squadron[edit]

Post holders included:[5]

Rank Flag Name Term
Vice-Admiral Commanding, Eastern Mediterranean Squadron
1 Vice-Admiral Flag of Vice-Admiral - Royal Navy.svg Sackville Carden 20 September 1914 - 17 March 1915
2 Acting Vice-Admiral Flag of Vice-Admiral - Royal Navy.svg John de Robeck 17 March 1915 – 19 June 1916
3 Vice-Admiral Flag of Vice-Admiral - Royal Navy.svg Sir Cecil Thursby 19 June 1916 – 25 Aug, 1917

Chief of Staff[edit]

Post holders included:[7]

Rank Flag Name Term
Chief of Staff, Eastern Mediterranean Squadron
1 Commodore UK-Navy-OF6-Flag.svg Roger J. B. Keys February, 1915 - 19 June 1916

Rear-Admirals, Second-in-Command[edit]

Post holders included:[5]

Rank Flag Name Term
Rear-Admiral, Second-in-Command, Eastern Mediterranean Squadron
1 Rear-Admiral Flag of Rear-Admiral - Royal Navy.svg Cecil Thursby March - June 1915
2 Rear-Admiral Flag of Rear-Admiral - Royal Navy.svg Stuart Nicholson June 1915 – July, 1915
3 Rear-Admiral Flag of Rear-Admiral - Royal Navy.svg Arthur Christian July, 1915 – February, 1916
4 Rear-Admiral Flag of Rear-Admiral - Royal Navy.svg Sydney Fremantle February, 1916 – 27 July 1916
5 Rear-Admiral Flag of Rear-Admiral - Royal Navy.svg Arthur Hayes-Sadler 27 July 1916 – 25 August 1917

Senior Naval Officer, Mudros[edit]

Post holders included:[7]

Rank Flag Name Term
Senior Naval Officer, Mudros
1 Rear-Admiral Flag of Rear-Admiral - Royal Navy.svg Rosslyn Wemyss March - November 1915
2 Rear-Admiral Flag of Rear-Admiral - Royal Navy.svg Arthur Christian November 1915 – August 1917
Principal Naval Transport Officer, Mudros[edit]

Post holders included:[9]

Rank Flag Name Term
Principal Naval Transport Officer, Mudros
1 Commodore UK-Navy-OF6-Flag.svg Maurice S. FitzMaurice 31 August 1915 – 20 January 1916

Principal Naval Transport Officer, Salonika[edit]

Post holders included:[10]

Rank Flag Name Term
Principal Naval Transport Officer, Salonika
1 Commodore UK-Navy-OF6-Flag.svg Maurice S. FitzMaurice 20 January 1916 – June, 1916

Rear-Admirals, Commanding British Aegean Squadron[edit]

Post holders included:[5]

Rank Flag Name Term
Rear-Admiral Commanding, British Aegean Squadron [11]
1 Rear-Admiral Flag of Rear-Admiral - Royal Navy.svg Sydney Fremantle 25 August 1917 – 2 January 1918
2 Rear-Admiral Flag of Rear-Admiral - Royal Navy.svg Arthur Hayes-Sadler 2 January - 2 February 1918
3 Rear-Admiral Flag of Rear-Admiral - Royal Navy.svg Cecil Lambert 2 February 1918 - May 1919 [12]
4 Rear-Admiral Flag of Rear-Admiral - Royal Navy.svg Michael Culme-Seymour May - September 1919 [13]

Captain of Base, Mudros[edit]

Included:[9]

Rank Insig Name Term Notes/Ref
Captain of Base, Mudros
1 Captain Generic-Navy-O7.svg Claude A. Rombulow-Pearse 12 November 1918 – 13 January 1919
1 Captain Generic-Navy-O7.svg Bertram S. Evans 13 January 1919 died in post
2 Captain Generic-Navy-O7.svg Michael H. Wilding 1 March 1919 – 4 October 1920

Divisional Transport Officer, Salonika[edit]

Included:[10]

Rank Insig Name Term Notes/Ref
Divisional Transport Officer, Salonika
1 Captain Generic-Navy-O7.svg Francis E. Travers 26 January 1917 – 16 January 1918 retired
2 Commander Generic-Navy-O5.svg William Mellor 4 August 1917 – 29 January 1918
3 Commander Generic-Navy-O5.svg Michael H. Wilding 9 January 1918 – 16 April 1919 retired

References[edit]

  1. ^ Woodward, David R. (2009). World War I Almanac. New York, NY, USA: Infobase Publishing. p. 33. ISBN 9781438118963.
  2. ^ Marder, Arthur J. (2014). From the Dreadnought to Scapa Flow: Volume V Victory and Aftermath January 1918-June 1919. Barnsley, England: Seaforth Publishing. p. 26. ISBN 9781848322035.
  3. ^ Burt, R. A. (2013). British Battleships 1889-1904: New Revised Edition. Barnsley, England: Seaforth Publishing. p. 331. ISBN 9781848322745.
  4. ^ "Private Papers of Captain H W Williams RN". Imperial War Museums. London, Great Britain: Imperial War Museum. Retrieved 29 September 2018.
  5. ^ a b c d Harley, Simon; Lovell, Tony (18 July 2017). "Eastern Mediterranean Squadron (Royal Navy) - The Dreadnought Project". www.dreadnoughtproject.org. Harley and Lovell. Retrieved 18 September 2018.
  6. ^ Burt, R. A. (2013). British Battleships 1889-1904: New Revised Edition. Barnsley, England: Seaforth Publishing. p. 332. ISBN 9781848321731.
  7. ^ a b c Corbett, Sir Julian (1920–1938). "Royal Navy - Naval Operations, Volume 2". www.naval-history.net. London, England: Longmans Green. Retrieved 29 September 2018.CS1 maint: Date format (link)
  8. ^ Marder, Arthur (2014). "Index:List of Maps". From the Dreadnought to Scapa Flow: Volume II: To The Eve of Jutland 1914-1916. Barnsley, England: Seaforth Publishing. ISBN 9781473826571.
  9. ^ a b Harley, Simon; Lovell, Tony (19 August 2018). "Mudros - The Dreadnought Project". www.dreadnoughtproject.org. Harley and Lovell. Retrieved 29 September 2018.
  10. ^ a b Harley, Simon; Lovell, Tony (23 August 2018). "Mudros - The Dreadnought Project". www.dreadnoughtproject.org. Harley and Lovell. Retrieved 29 September 2018.
  11. ^ Archives, The National (1917). "Weekly Reports of the Rear Admiral British Aegean Squadron, 19 August - 29 December 1917". discovery.nationalarchives.gov.uk. The National Archives, ADM 137/400. Retrieved 18 September 2018.
  12. ^ Watson, Dr Graham (27 October 2015). "Royal Navy Organisation and Ship Deployment, Inter-War Years 1914-1918". www.naval-history.net. Gordon Smith. Retrieved 18 September 2018.
  13. ^ Watson, Dr Graham (27 October 2015). "Royal Navy Organisation and Ship Deployment, Inter-War Years 1914-1918". www.naval-history.net. Gordon Smith. Retrieved 18 September 2018.

Sources[edit]

  • Archives, The National (1917). "Weekly Reports of the Rear Admiral British Aegean Squadron, 19 August - 29 December 1917". discovery.nationalarchives.gov.uk. The National Archives, ADM 137/400.
  • Burt, R. A. (2013). British Battleships 1889-1904: New Revised Edition. Barnsley, England: Seaforth Publishing. ISBN 9781848321731.
  • Harley, Simon; Lovell, Tony (2017). "Eastern Mediterranean Squadron (Royal Navy) - The Dreadnought Project". www.dreadnoughtproject.org. Harley and Lovell.
  • Marder, Arthur J. (2014). From the Dreadnought to Scapa Flow: Volume V Victory and Aftermath January 1918-June 1919. Barnsley, England: Seaforth Publishing. ISBN 9781848322035.
  • Watson, Dr Graham (2015). "Royal Navy Organisation and Ship Deployment, Inter-War Years 1914-1918". www.naval-history.net. Gordon Smith.
  • Woodward, David R. (2009). World War I Almanac. New York, NY, USA: Infobase Publishing. ISBN 9781438118963.

External links[edit]