Eastern Peripheral Expressway (NE II)

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National Expressway 2 shield}}

National Expressway 2
NE2 in red
Route information
Maintained by NHAI
Length135 km (84 mi)
Existed27 May 2018–present
Major junctions
FromSonipat
ToPalwal
Location
StatesHaryana, Uttar Pradesh
Major citiesSonipat, Baghpat, Ghaziabad, Greater Noida, Faridabad, Palwal
Highway system


Eastern Peripheral Expressway or Kundli-Ghaziabad-Palwal (KGP) Expressway or National Expressway II is a 135 km (84 mi) long,[1][2] six-lane expressway passing through the states of Haryana and Uttar Pradesh.[3][4] The expressway starts from the Western Peripheral Expressway at Kundli, Sonipat,[5] passing through Baghpat, Ghaziabad and Noida districts in UP and Faridabad district in Haryana before rejoining the Western Peripheral Expressway near Palwal.[6][7] Eastern Peripheral Expressway along with Western Peripheral Expressway completes the largest Ring Road around Delhi.[8][9]

The expressway consists of two sections, the 86 km-long Palwal-Ghaziabad section, also known as Faridabad-Noida-Ghaziabad Expressway and the 49 km-long Ghaziabad-Sonipat section.[10] It has been constructed at a cost of 11,000 crore (equivalent to 120 billion or US$1.6 billion in 2018) to relieve traffic congestion in the Faridabad - Ghaziabad stretch and also to prevent pollution causing commercial vehicles from entering Delhi.[11][12]Government of India approved funding for the expressway in August 2015 on build-operate-transfer mode under NHDP Phase VI.[13]

Eastern Peripheral Expressway is expected to divert more than 50,000 trucks away from Delhi and reduce air pollution in Delhi by 27%.[14][15] It was inaugurated on 27 May 2018 by Prime Minister Narendra Modi.[16] Eastern Peripheral Expressway will be connected with Yamuna Expressway via an interchange which is being built near Jaganpura –Afzalpur village at Yamuna Expressway in Gautam Budh Nagar district.[17]

Salient Features[edit]

This expressway boasts of many features that are being implemented for the first time in India. [18]

  • The 135-km Expressway has a closed tolling system in which toll will be collected only on the distance traveled and not on the entire length.
  • There is a provision for electronic collection of toll to ensure disruption-free movement of traffic.
  • Weigh-in motion sensors on all entry points which ensure that over-loaded vehicles are not allowed to enter the Expressway. The sensors are installed at all entry points with two gates -- one leading to the Expressway and the other redirecting the vehicle if it is over-loaded.
  • Provision for parking of overloaded trucks where they can unload some of the cargo to satisfy the weight criteria and then move to the Expressway.
  • To check speeding, cameras have been put up every two kilometers. Over-speeding vehicles will be issued the challan at the toll plaza and the challan amount would be added to the total toll amount.
  • Facility for rainwater collection at every 500 meters has been made.
  • 2.5 lakh trees have been planted along the highway along which will be watered through drip irrigation system
  • A cycle track of 2.5 metre has been developed on both sides of the expressway
  • Solar panels have been installed at various locations which will provide power to illuminate the expressway. 8 solar power plants with a total capacity of 4000-kilo watt (4 MW) has been made by the side of the expressway to generate electricity.
  • 33% of the earth work on the highway was done using fly ash from coal power plants thereby compounding its contribution to reducing pollution.
  • The expressway has 406 structures of which 4 are major bridges, 46 minor bridges, 3 flyovers, 7 inter-changes, 221 underpasses and 8 road over bridges.

Project Status Updates[edit]

PM Narendra Modi inspecting the model during the inauguration of the Expressway.
  • 2015 Nov: Foundation stone of 135-km long expressway laid by PM of India Narendra Modi.[19]
  • 2016 Feb: Work started on expressway.[20]
  • 2017 April: An estimated 60% of the work has been completed. It is expected to be completed by August 2017.[21]
  • 2017 July 26: An estimated 70% of the work has been completed. It is expected to be completed by March 2018, three months ahead of the deadline of July 2018 set by the Supreme Court of India.[22]
  • 2017 Oct: Few farmers agitating against land acquisition in Greater Noida area and who forced stop the road construction work were arrested in Sep 2017 and police force are deployed to give cover to road workers so that work can proceed.[23]
  • Dec 2017: 85% work completed. Land acquisition related issue is there at two places in Greater Noida impacting length of about 1 kilometer each, which delayed the project completion.[24]
  • April 2018: The expressway was scheduled to be inaugurated by Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 29 April 2018 but was cancelled due to elections in Karnataka.[25]
  • May 2018: The Supreme Court of India has directed the National Highways Authority of India (NHAI) to open the expressway before 31st May 2018.[26]
  • 27 May 2018: Inaugurated by PM Narendra Modi.[27]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "3 projects in Haryana to be completed soon".
  2. ^ Barman, Sourav Roy (28 May 2018). "First 'Smart' highway holds out hope for a congested, choking capital". Indian Express. Retrieved 5 June 2018.
  3. ^ "Eastern Peripheral Expressway - Invitation of Proposals" (PDF). Retrieved 9 January 2016.
  4. ^ "Reliance Infrastructure is sole bidder for Eastern Peripheral Expressway". The Economic Times. 26 December 2008. Retrieved 9 January 2016.
  5. ^ "After 9-yr delay, KMP eway to be completed by August".
  6. ^ "Chaos, theft, accident: All is not well with Delhi's 'smart' eastern expressway".
  7. ^ "Eastern Peripheral Expressway: Some way to go for the brand new expressway".
  8. ^ "PM Modi to inaugurate Western Peripheral Expressway: All you need to know".
  9. ^ "Ring around Delhi: Final piece to fall in place as Western Peripheral Expressway opens today".
  10. ^ Tiwary, A. K. "Connectivity, smooth traffic, REAL GROWTH!". Times of India. Retrieved 9 January 2016.
  11. ^ "Eastern Peripheral Expressway, Built At Rs 11,000 Crore, To Be Inaugurated Tomorrow". NDTV. Retrieved 26 May 2018.
  12. ^ Keelor, Vandana (3 June 2014). "New expressway to link Noida with Faridabad". Times of India. Retrieved 5 June 2018.
  13. ^ "Government approves 17,000-crore highways upgradation projects". The Economic Times. Retrieved 9 January 2016.
  14. ^ Bhattacharya, Somreet (29 May 2018). "Day 1 of Eastern Peripheral Expressway: 50,000 fewer trucks in Delhi". Times of India. Retrieved 5 June 2018.
  15. ^ "Eastern Peripheral Expressway inaugurated by PM Modi is likely to decrease Delhi pollution by 27 per cent". India Today. 28 May 2018. Retrieved 5 June 2018.
  16. ^ "Prime Minister Narendra Modi to Inaugurate Eastern Peripheral Expressway on May 27". News18. Retrieved 25 May 2018.
  17. ^ "Interchange at Yamuna Expressway to connect Eastern Peripheral Expressway".
  18. ^ "India's Eastern Peripheral Expressway boasts of many firsts, to be ready within 500 days". The Economic Times. 23 April 2018. Retrieved 5 June 2018.
  19. ^ "Expressway foundation laid by CM" (Press release).
  20. ^ "Expressway construction begins". The Tribune.
  21. ^ "Expressway by 2017". The Hindu.
  22. ^ "KGP e-way may miss August 15 deadline". The Tribune. 2 July 2017.
  23. ^ "ईस्टर्न पेरिफेरल एक्सप्रेसवे का निर्माण बंद कराने का मामला" [Eastern Peripheral Expressway work shutdown case]. Navbharat Times. 9 October 2017. Retrieved 5 June 2018.
  24. ^ "Ring bypasses may be ready in 3 months". Times of India.
  25. ^ "MODI TO OPEN EASTERN PERIPHERAL EXPRESSWAY ON 29 APRIL". The Pioneer. Retrieved 23 April 2018.
  26. ^ "Supreme Court directs NHAI to open Easter Peripheral Express way before 31st May 2018". The Hindu. Retrieved 10 May 2018.
  27. ^ "Gurgaon: Kundli-Manesar expressway inauguration today". Retrieved 5 November 2018.