Eastern Railway zone

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Eastern Railway
পূর্ব রেলওয়ে
4-Eastern Railway
Howrah Railway Station 02.jpg
পূর্ব রেলওয়ে
Locale West Bengal, Jharkhand and Bihar
Dates of operation 14 April 1952–
Predecessor East Indian Railway
Track gauge Mixed
Length 2680 Km
Headquarters Fairley Place, Kolkata
Website ER official website

The Eastern Railway (ER) is one of the largest and High-Tech Zone in IR, it is among the 16 zones of the Indian Railways. Its headquarters is at Fairlie Place, Kolkata, and comprises four divisions: Howrah, Malda, Sealdah, and Asansol. Each division is headed by a divisional railway manager (DRM). The name of the division denotes the name of the city where the divisional headquarters is located. Eastern Railways Consists Most no. of A1 and A Category Stations, Howrah, Sealdah, Siliguri, Asansol, Durgapur are Commonly known. Eastern Railways Operates the Oldest Train of IR Which is of Age 150 years and Name is Kalka mail. 3 Popular Zones ECR, SER and NFR were Part of ER before.

It has three major workshops: Jamalpur, Liluah, and Kanchrapara. The Jamalpur Workshop is for wagon repair, periodic overhaul (POH) of diesel locomotives, manufacturing of cranes and tower-wagons; the Liluah workshop is for POH of coaching & freight vehicles and the Kanchrapara workshop is for POH of electric locomotives, EMU Locals and coaches.


The East Indian Railway (EIR) Company was incorporated in 1845 to connect East India with Delhi. The first train ran here between Howrah and Hooghly on 15 August 1854. The train left Howrah Station at 08:30 a.m. and reached Hooghly in 91 minutes. The management of the East Indian Railway was taken over by the British Indian government on 1 January 1925.[1]

The Eastern Railway was formed on 14 April 1952 by amalgamating three lower divisions of the East Indian Railway: Howrah, Asansol and Danapur, the entire Bengal Nagpur Railway (BNR) and the Sealdah division of the erstwhile Bengal Assam Railway[2] (which was already added to the East Indian Railway on 15 August 1947). On 1 August 1955, the portions of BNR stretching from Howrah to Visakhapatnam in the South, Howrah to Nagpur in the Central area and up to Katni in the North Central Region were separated from Eastern Railway and became the South Eastern Railway.[3][4] Three more divisions: Dhanbad, Mughalsarai and Malda were formed later.[5] Till 30 September 2002 ER consisted seven divisions. On 1 October 2002 a new zone, the East Central Railway, headquarters at Hajipur, was carved out by separating the Eastern Railway's Danapur, Dhanbad and Mughalsarai divisions from it.[4] Presently, it comprises five divisions.


[[File:Howrah Railway Station 02.jpg|thumb|upright 1.6|Eastern and South eastern railway HQ [[Kolkata]

Sealdah Main railway station

Trunk routes[edit]

Other sections[edit]

Important trains from Eastern Railway[edit]


  1. ^ Rao, M.A. (1988). Indian Railways, New Delhi: National Book Trust, pp.13,34
  2. ^ "Sealdah division-Engineering details". The Eastern Railway, Sealdah division. 
  3. ^ Rao, M.A. (1988). Indian Railways, New Delhi: National Book Trust, pp.42–3
  4. ^ a b "The Eastern Railway-About us". The Eastern Railway. 
  5. ^ "Focus-Eastern Railway". Press Information Bureau, Government of India. 

External links[edit]