Eastern Development Region, Nepal

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पूर्वाञ्चल विकास क्षेत्र
Purwānchal Bikās Kshetra
Regions
Location of EDR
Location of EDR
Location of पूर्वाञ्चल विकास क्षेत्र
Country    Nepal
Region Eastern Development Region
Established 1972
Disestablished 2015
Founded by King Mahendra
Headquarters Dhankuta, Koshi Zone
Largest city Biratnagar
Zones
Government
 • Type Regional Administration
 • Body Eastern Development Regional Administration
Area
 • Total 28,456 km2 (10,987 sq mi)
Highest elevation 59 m (194 ft)
Lowest elevation 8,848 m (29,029 ft)
Population (2011 Census)
 • Total 5,811,555
  pop. note
Demonym(s) Purbeli
Time zone NPT (UTC+5:45)
Official language Nepali

The Eastern Development Region (Nepali: पुर्वाञ्चल विकास क्षेत्र, Purwānchal Bikās Kshetra) was one of Nepal's five development regions. It is also known as Kirata region.[1] It was located at the eastern end of the country with its headquarters at Dhankuta. The town of Dhankuta was the headquarter of the Eastern Region, as well as the headquarter of the Dhankuta District.[2] [3]

History[edit]

On April 13, 1961 Mahendra The king of Nepal divided existing 35 districts into 75 districts and grouped them into 14 administrative zones.

In 1972, King of Nepal grouped 14 zones into total 4 development regions, thus Eastern Development Region came into existence.[4]

On 20 September 2015, Eastern Development Region including all other development regions of Nepal nullified, when proclaimed new Constitution of Nepal-2015. The total area of The region was 28,456 km².

Administrative divisions[edit]

Subdivisions of Nepal EN.png

The region administratively was divided into 3 zones and 16 districts. Each zone contained 4 or more districts. Districts were divided into municipalities and Village development committees.

Zones[edit]

The Eastern Development Region was split into 3 zones:

Districts[edit]

The region was made up of the 16 districts. Mechi Zone contained 4 districts whereas 2 othe zones Koshi Zone and Sagarmatha Zone contained 6-6 districts.

Municipalities[edit]

Before 2014, the total number of Municipaliy in Nepal were 58, in which 14 municipalities were located in Eastern Development Region. [5]

# Municipality District Zones
1 Illam Ilam Mechi Zone
2 Bhadrapur Jhapa District Mechi Zone
3 Damak Jhapa District Mechi Zone
4 Mechinagar Jhapa District Mechi Zone
5 Biratnagar (sub-metro) Morang District Koshi Zone
6 Dharan Sunsari District Koshi Zone
7 Dhankuta Dhankuta District Koshi Zone
8 Inaruwa Sunsari District Koshi Zone
9 Itahari Sunsari District Koshi Zone
10 Khandbari Sankhuwasabha District Koshi Zone
11 Rajbiraj Saptari District Sagarmatha Zone
12 Lahan Siraha District Sagarmatha Zone
13 Siraha Siraha District Sagarmatha Zone
14 Triyuga Udayapur District Sagarmatha Zone

VDCs[edit]

VDCs or Village development committees were local level body ruling in rural (village) area. There were thousands of VDCs in Nepal.

List of VDCs (zonewise)

Mechi Zone

Ilam District[edit]

Amchok, Bajho, Barbote, Chamaita, Chisapani, Chulachuli, Danabari, Ebhang, Ektappa, Emang, Erautar, Gajurmukhi, Godak, Gorkhe, Jamuna, Jirmale, Jitpur, Jogmai, Kolbung, Lakshmipur, Lumbe, Mabu, Mahamai, Maimajhuwa, Maipokhari, Namsaling, Naya Bazar, Pashupatinagar, Phakphok, Phuyatappa, Puwamajwa, Pyang, Sakphara, Sakhejung, Samalpung, Sangrumba, Shanti Danda, Shantipur, Siddhithumka, Soyak, Soyang, Sri Antu, Sulubung, Sumbek[6]

Jhapa District[edit]

Anarmani, Bahundangi, Baiagundhara, Balubari, Baniyani, Budhabare, Chakchaki, Chandragadhi, Charpane, Dangibari, Dhaijan, Dharmpur, Duhagadhi, Garamani, Gauriganj, Gherabari, Goldhhap, Haldibari, Jalthal, Jyamirgadhi, Kechana, Khajurgachhi, Khudunabari, Korobari, Kumarkhod, Lakhanpur, Mahabhara, Maheshpur, Panchganchi, Pathabhari, Pathariya, Prithivinagar, Rajghadh, Shantinagar, Sharanamati, Taghanduba, Topgachchi

Panchthar District[edit]

Ranitar, Luwamphu, Yangnam, Nangin, Lungrupa, Ambarpur, Panchami, Subhang, Bharapa, Yasok, Rani Gaun, Mangjabung, Syabarumba, Aarubote, Sarangdanda, Rabi, Kurumba, Limba, Durdimba, Ektin, Memeng, Prangbung, Yangnam, Sidin, Nawamidanda, Imbung, Pauwa Sartap, Chilingdin, Aangsarang, Phaktep, Aangna, Olane, Hangum, Mauwa, Chyangthapu, Phalaicha, Oyam, Tharpu, Nagi

Taplejung District[edit]

Ambegudin, Ankhop, Chaksibote, Change, Dhungesaghu, Dummrise, Ekhabu, Hangdeva, Hangpang, Kalikhola, Khamlung, Khejenim, Khewang, Khokling, Lelep, Limbudin, Lingtep, Linkhim, Liwang, Mamangkhe, Nalbu, Nankholyang, Nidhuradin, Olangchung Gola, Paidang, Papung, Pedang, Phakumba, Phawakhola, Phulbari, Phurumbu, Sadewa, Sangu, Santhakra, Sawa, Sawadin, Sawalakhu, Sikaicha, Sinam, Surumakhim, Tapethok, Tellok, Thechambu, Thinglabu, Thukima, Thumbedin, Tiringe, Yamphudin[6]

Koshi Zone

Bhojpur District[edit]

Aamtep, Annapurna, Baikuntha, Basikhola, Basingtharpur, Bastim, Bhubal, Bhulke, Boya, Champe, Changre, Charambi, Chaukidada, Chhinamukh, Dalgaun, Deurali, Dewantar, Dhodalekhani, Dobhane, Dummana, Gogane, Gupteshwar, Hasanpur, Helauchha, Homtang, Jarayotar, Khairang, Khatamma, Khawa, Kot, Kudak Kaule, Kulunga, Lekharka, Mane Bhanjyang, Nagi, Nepaledanda, Okhre, Pangcha, Patle Pani, Pawala, Pyauli, Ranibas, Sangpang, Sano Dumba, Shyamsila, Siddheshwar, Sindrang, Syamsila, Thidingkha, Thulo Dumba, Timma, Tiwari Bhanjyang, Walangkha, Yaku, Yangpang[6]

Dhankuta District[edit]

Ahale, Ankhisalla, Arkhaule Jitpur, Basantatar, Belhara, Budhabare, Bhirgaun, Bodhe, Budhabare, Budi Morang, Chanuwa, Chhintang, Chungmang, Danda Bazar, Dandagaun, Hathikharka, Jitpur Arkhaule, Khoku, Khuwaphok, Kuruletenupa, Leguwa, Mahabharat, Marek Katahare, Maunabuthuk, Mudebas, Murtidhunga, Parewadin, Phaksib, Raja Rani, Tankhuwa, Telia, Vedatar[6]

Morang District[edit]

Amaibariyati, Amardaha, Babiya Birta, Bahuni, Banigama, Baradanga, Bayarban, Bhaudaha, Budhanagar, Dainiya, Dangihat, Dangraha, Darbairiya, Drabesh, Govindapur, Hasandaha, Hathimudha, Hoklabari, Itahara, Jante, Jhapa Baijanathpur, Jhorahat, Jhurkiya, Kadamaha, Katahari, Kathamaha, Kerabari, Kerawan, Lakhantari, Madhumalla, Mahadeva, Majhare, Matigachha, Motipur, Nocha, Patigaun, Pokhariya, Rajghat, Ramite Khola, Sidharaha, Sijuwa, Sinhadevi Sombare, Sisabanibadahara, Sisawanijahada, Sorabhaj, Tandi, Tankisinuwari, Tetariya, Thalaha, Warangi, Yangshila[6]

Sankhuwasabha District[edit]

Ankhibhui, Bahrabise, Bala, Chepuwa, Dhupu, Diding, Hatiya, Jaljala, Kimathanka, Madi Mulkharka, Madi Rambeni, Makalu, Malta, Mamling, Manakamana, Mangtewa, Matsya Pokhari, Mawadin, Num, Nundhaki, Pangma, Pathibhara, Pawakhola, Savapokhari, Sisuwakhola, Sitalpati, Syabun, Tamaphok, Tamku, Yaphu[6]

Sunsari District[edit]

Aekamba, Amaduwa, Amahibelaha, Aurabarni, Babiya, Bakalauri, Barahachhetra, Basantapur, Bharaul, Bhokraha, Bishnupaduka, Chadwela, Chhitaha, Chimdi, Dewanganj, Ghuski, Dumaraha, Gautampur, Hanshpokha, Harinagar, Haripur, Jalpapur, Kaptanganj, Khanar, Laukahi, Madheli, Madhesa, Madhuwan, Madhyeharsahi, Mahendranagar, Narshinhatappu, Pakali, Panchakanya, Paschim Kasuha, Prakashpur, Purbakushaha, Ramganj Belgachhi, Ramganj Senuwari, Ramnagar Bhutaha, Sahebganj, Santerjhora, Simariya, Sonapur, Sripurjabdi, Tanamuna[6]

Terhathum District[edit]

Angdim, Basantapur, Chhate Dhunga, Chuhandanda, Dangpa, Hamarjung, Hawaku, Isibu, Jaljale, Khamlalung, Morahang, Okhare, Oyakjung, Panchakanya Pokhari, Phakchamara, Phulek, Pauthak, Sabla, Samdu, Sankranti Bazar, Simle, Solma, Sri Jung, Sudap, Sungnam, Thoklung[6]

Sagarmatha Zone

Khotang District[edit]

Ainselu Kharka, Arkhale, Badahare, Badka Dipali, Bahunidanda, Bakachol, Baksila, Barahapokhari (VDC), Baspani, Batase, Bijaya Kharka, Buipa, Chhitapokhari, Chhorambu, Chipring, Chisapani, Chyandanda, Chyasmitar, Damarkhu Shivalaya, Dandagaun, Devisthan, Dharapani, Dhitung, Dikuwa, Diplung, Dipsung, Dorpa Chiuridanda, Dubekol, Dumre Dharapani, Durchhim, Hanchaur, Indrayani Pokhari, Jalapa, Jyamire, Kaule, Kharmi, Kharpa, Khartamchha, Khidima, Khotang Bazar, Kuvinde, Lamidanda, Lichki Ramche, Linkuwa Pokhari, Magpa, Mahadevasthan, Mangaltar, Mattim Birta, Mauwabote, Nerpa, Nirmalidanda, Nunthala, Patheka, Pauwasera, Phaktang, Phedi, Rajapani, Rakha Bangdel, Rakha Dipsung, Ratancha Majhagaun, Ribdung Jaleshwari, Ribdung Maheshwari, Salle, Santeshwar Chhitapokhari, Sapteshwar, Saunechaur, Sawakatahare, Simpani, Sungdel, Suntale, Woplukha, Wopung, Yamkhya[6]

Okhaldhunga District[edit]

Baksa, Balakhu, Baraneshwar, Betini, Bhadaure, Bhussinga, Bigutar, Bilandu, Chyanam, Diyale, Gamnangtar, Harkapur, Jantarkhani, Kalikadevi, Kaptigaun, Katunje, Ketuke, Khiji Chandeshwari, Khijiphalate, Kuibhir, Kuntadevi, Madhavpur, Mamkha, Manebhanjyang, Moli, Mulkharka, Narmedeshwar, Okhaldhunga, Palapu, Patle, Phediguth, Phulbari, Pokhare, Pokli, Prapchan, Ragani, Rajadip, Raniban, Ratmata, Rawadolu, Serna, Srichaur, Singhadevi, Sisneri, Taluwa, Tarkerabari, Thakle, Thoksela, Thulachhap, Ubu, Vadaure, Yasam[6]

Saptari District[edit]

Arnaha, Aurahi, Bainiya, Bairawa, Bakdhauwa, Bamangamakatti, Banarjhula, Banaula, Banauli, Barhmapur, Barsain, Basbiti, Bathnaha, Belhi, Belhi Chapena, Bhagawatpur, Bhardaha, Bhutahi, Birpur Barahi, Bishariya, Budebarsaien, Boriya, Brahmapur, Chhinnamasta, Dauda, Daulatpur, Deuri, Deurimaruwa, Dhanagadi, Didhawa, Diman, Gamhariya Parwaha, Goithi, Hardiya, Hariharpur, Haripur, Inarwa Phulbariya, Itahari Bishnupur, Jamuni Madhapura, Jandaul, Jhutaki, Kabilash, Kachan, Kalyanpur, Kataiya, Khadgapur, Khojpur, Ko. Madhepura, Kochabakhari, Koiladi, Kushaha, Lalapati, Launiya, Lohajara, Madhawapur, Madhupati, Mahadeva, Maina Kaderi, Maina Sahasrabahu, Malekpur, Maleth, Malhanama, Malhaniya, Manraja, Mauwaha, Nargho, Negada, Pakari, Pansera, Parasbani, Paterwa, Pato, Patthargada, Phakira, Pharseth, Phulkahi, Pipra (West), Portaha, Ramnagar, Rampur Malhaniya, Rautahat, Rayapur, Sankarpura, Sarashwar, Simraha Sigiyaun, Siswa Beihi, Sitapur, Tarahi, Terahota, Tikuliya, Tilathi, Trikola[6]

Siraha District[edit]

Arnama Lalpur, Arnama Rampur, Aurahi, Badharamal, Barchhawa, Bariyarpatti, Basbita, Bastipur, Belaha, Bhadaiya, Bhagawanpur, Bhagawatipur, Bhawanpur Kalabanchar, Bhokraha, Bishnupur Pra. Ma., Bishnupur Pra. Ra., Brahmagaughadi, Chandra Ayodhyapur, Chatari, Chikana, Devipur, Dhodhana, Dumari, Durgapur, Gadha, Gauripur, Gautari, Govindapur Malahanama, Govindpur Taregana, Hakpara, Hanuman Nagar, Harakathi, Inarwa, Itarhawa, Itari Parsahi, Itatar, Janakinagar, Jighaul, Kabilasi, Kachanari, Kalyanpur Jabadi, Kalyanpur Kalabanchar, Karjanha, Kharukyanhi, Khirauna, Krishnapur Birta, Lagadi Gadiyani, Lagadigoth, Lakshminiya, Lakshmipur (Pra. Ma.), Lakshmipur Patari, Madar, Mahadewa Portaha, Mahanaur, Maheshpur Patari, Majhauliya, Majhaura, Makhanaha, Malhaniya Gamharia, Mauwahi, Media, Nahara Rigaul, Naraha Balkawa, Navarajpur, Padariya Tharutol, Pipra Pra. Dha., Pipra Pra. Pi, Pokharbhinda, Rajpur, Sakhuwanankarkatti, Sanhaitha, Sarashwar, Sikron, Sisawani, Sonmati Majhaura, Sothayan, Sukhachina, Tenuwapati, Thalaha Kataha, Thegahi, Tulsipur[6]

Solukhumbu District[edit]

Baku, Bapha, Basa, Beni, Bhakanje, Bung, Chaulakharka, Chaurikharka, Chheskam, Deusa, Goli, Gorakhani, Gudel, Jubing, Jubu, Kaku, Kangel, Kerung, Khumjung, Lokhim, Mabe, Mukali, Namche, Necha Batase, Necha Bedghari, Nele, Panchan, Salyan, Sautang, Takasindu, Tapting, Tingla[6]

Udayapur District[edit]

Aaptar, Balaltar, Baraha, Barai, Basabote, Bhumarashuwa, Bhuttar, Chaudandi, Dumre, Hadiya, Hardeni, Iname, Jalpachilaune, Janti, Jogidaha, Katunjebawala, Khanbu, Laphagaun, Lekhani, Lekhgau, Limpatar, Mainamiani, Myakhu, Nametar, Okhale, Panchawati, Pokhari, Rauta, Risku, Rupatar, Saune, Shorung Chabise, Sirise, Sithdipur, Sundarpur, Tamlichha, Tapeshwari, Tawasri, Thanagaun, Thoksila, Valaya Danda, Yayankhu[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ P.2,3 Gorkhaland Movement: A Study in Ethnic Separatism By Amiya K. Samanta APH Publishing, 2000 Darjeeling
  2. ^ "Eastern Development Region". myholidaynepal.com. Retrieved 14 February 2018. 
  3. ^ "1. Eastern Development Region:". khullakitab.com. Retrieved 14 February 2018. 
  4. ^ "2.3 Spatial Distribution of Population" (PDF). cbs.gov.np. Retrieved 14 February 2018. 
  5. ^ "Municipalities and VDCs". www.geocities.ws/. Retrieved 5 May 2018. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n "Nepal Census 2001". Nepal's village development committees. Digital Himalaya. Archived from the original on 12 October 2008. Retrieved 19 November 2008. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 26°59′N 87°20′E / 26.983°N 87.333°E / 26.983; 87.333