Eastern Samar

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Eastern Samar
Lalawigan han Sidlangan nga Samar
Lalawigan sa Sidlakang Samar
Lalawigan ng Silangang Samar
Province of Silangang Samar
Flag of Eastern Samar
Map of the Philippines with Eastern Samar highlighted
Map of the Philippines with Eastern Samar highlighted
Coordinates: 11°40′N 125°30′E / 11.667°N 125.500°E / 11.667; 125.500Coordinates: 11°40′N 125°30′E / 11.667°N 125.500°E / 11.667; 125.500
Country  Philippines
Region Eastern Visayas (Region VIII)
Founded June 19, 1965
Capital Borongan City
 • Type Province of the Philippines
 • Governor Conrado B. Nicart, Jr. (Liberal)
 • Vice Governor Marcelo Picardal (LDP)
 • Total 4,660.47 km2 (1,799.42 sq mi)
Area rank 26th out of 80
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 428,877
 • Rank 60th out of 80
 • Density 92/km2 (240/sq mi)
 • Density rank 68th out of 80
 • Independent cities 0
 • Component cities 1
 • Municipalities 22
 • Barangays 597
 • Districts Lone district of Eastern Samar
Time zone PHT (UTC+8)
ZIP code 6800 - 6822
Dialing code 55
Spoken languages Waray-Waray, Cebuano, Tagalog, English
Website easternsamar.gov.ph

Eastern Samar officially called Silangang Samar (Filipino: Silangang Samar) is a province of the Philippines located in the Eastern Visayas region. Its capital is the city of Borongan. Eastern Samar occupies the eastern portion of the island of Samar. Bordering the province to the north is the province of Northern Samar and to the west is Samar and to the east is the vast Pacific Ocean. off the coast of Leyte Gulf.


The province occupies a total land area of 466,047 hectares (1,151,630 acres).[1]


Eastern Samar is politically subdivided into 22 municipalities and one city.

Component City:



The province of Eastern Samar was created from Samar by virtue of Republic Act No. 4221 on June 19, 1965. Congressmen Eladio T. Balite (1st Dist. Samar), Fernando R. Veloso (2nd Dist. Samar), and Felipe J. Abrigo (3rd Dist. Samar), authored Republic Act 4221 which was approved by Congress in 1963. The law, ratified in a plebiscite on June 19, 1965, divided Samar into three, namely, Northern Samar, Eastern Samar and (Western) Samar.


The province has a population of 461,300 as of the 2010 census. The predominant language is Waray.

Population census of Eastern Samar
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1990 329,335 —    
1995 362,324 +1.80%
2000 375,822 +0.79%
2007 405,114 +1.04%
2010 428,877 +2.10%
Source: National Statistics Office[2]
Languages Spoken (2000)[3]
Language Speakers
Not Reported


The people of the province are devoted Christians where 96% adhere to Roman Catholicism. The dominant Catholic faith influences the events of the provincial education, politics and social functions of the people. Other Christians usually form the remaining groups of believers such as Jehovah's Witnesses, Iglesia Ni Cristo, Baptists, Methodists, Church of Christ of Latter Day Saints Seventh-day Adventist. Non Christians (mostly Muslims) are also found.


The province has one operational airport; Borongan Airport located in the capital city. Currently, only SkyJet Airlines operates out of Borongan Airport with flights weekly to serve locals and tourists to and from Manila.

By land, mini buses and vans ply from the regional center in Tacloban City to some towns in Eastern Samar. From Borongan City, buses ply to Manila. Motorized boats plies through the Leyte Gulf ferrying passengers going to Tacloban City seaport.

Borongan City's Wilsam Uptown Mall, the largest shopping mall in Eastern Samar.


Commercial activities in the province are centered on the provincial capital of Borongan City while tourism activities are centered in Guiuan town where Calicoan Island and the historical Homonhon Island are located. Generally, the province's major economic resource is fishery and agriculture which include production of copra, corn, rice, sugar, and vegetables. Tourism potential is untapped on the northern part of the province.


  1. ^ a b "List of Provinces". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 13 April 2013. 
  2. ^ a b "Population and Annual Growth Rates for The Philippines and Its Regions, Provinces, and Highly Urbanized Cities" (PDF). 2010 Census and Housing Population. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 13 April 2013. 
  3. ^ Table 4. Household Population by Ethnicity and Sex: Eastern Samar, 2000

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