Eastern Samar

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Eastern Samar
Lalawigan han Sidlangan nga Samar
Lalawigan sa Sidlakang Samar
Lalawigan ng Silangang Samar
Province
Province of Eastern Samar
Flag of Eastern Samar
Flag
Location in the Philippines
Location in the Philippines
Coordinates: 11°40′N 125°30′E / 11.667°N 125.500°E / 11.667; 125.500Coordinates: 11°40′N 125°30′E / 11.667°N 125.500°E / 11.667; 125.500
Country  Philippines
Region Eastern Visayas (Region VIII)
Founded June 19, 1965
Capital Borongan City
Government
 • Type Province of the Philippines
 • Governor Conrado B. Nicart, Jr. (Liberal)
 • Vice Governor Marcelo Picardal (LDP)
Area[1]
 • Total 4,660.47 km2 (1,799.42 sq mi)
Area rank 26th out of 80
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 428,877
 • Rank 60th out of 80
 • Density 92/km2 (240/sq mi)
 • Density rank 68th out of 80
Divisions
 • Independent cities 0
 • Component cities 1
 • Municipalities 22
 • Barangays 597
 • Districts Lone district of Eastern Samar
Time zone PHT (UTC+8)
ZIP code 6800 - 6822
Dialing code 55
Spoken languages Waray-Waray, Cebuano, Tagalog, English
Website easternsamar.gov.ph

Eastern Samar (Filipino: Silangang Samar; Cebuano: Sidlakang Samar; Waray-Waray: Sidlangan nga Samar) is a province in the Philippines located in the Eastern Visayas region. Its capital is the city of Borongan. Eastern Samar occupies the eastern portion of the island of Samar. Bordering the province to the north is the province of Northern Samar and to the west is Samar and to the east is the vast Pacific Ocean. off the coast of Leyte Gulf.

History[edit]

During his circumnavigation of the globe, Ferdinand Magellan had set foot on the tiny island of Homonhon in the southern part of the province. On March 16, 1521, the area of what is now Eastern Samar is said to be the first Philippine landmass spotted by Magellan and his crew.[3]

Eastern Samar, as a province, was created from Samar by virtue of Republic Act No. 4221 on June 19, 1965.[4] Congressmen Eladio T. Balite (1st Dist. Samar), Fernando R. Veloso (2nd Dist. Samar), and Felipe J. Abrigo (3rd Dist. Samar), authored Republic Act 4221 which was approved by Congress in 1963. The law, ratified in a plebiscite on June 19, 1965, divided Samar into three, namely, Northern Samar, Eastern Samar and (Western) Samar.

Typhoon Haiyan (Yolanda), one of the strongest typhoons ever recorded, made landfall in the coastal town of Guiuan on November of 2013.[5]

Geography[edit]

The province occupies a total land area of 466,047 hectares (1,151,630 acres).[1] Because it faces the Pacific Ocean, Eastern Samar suffers heavily from powerful typhoons.[3]

Administrative divisions[edit]

Political divisions

Eastern Samar is politically subdivided into 22 municipalities and one city.

City or
municipality
Area
(km²)[6]
Population
(2010)[6][7]
Density
(per km²)
No. of
barangays
ZIP
code
Income
class
(DOF)[6]
Coordinates

Arteche 169.82 15,164 89.3 20 6822 3rd 12°16′09″N 125°22′16″E / 12.2693°N 125.3712°E / 12.2693; 125.3712 (Arteche)
Balangiga 190.05 12,756 67.1 13 6812 4th 11°06′27″N 125°23′15″E / 11.1074°N 125.3874°E / 11.1074; 125.3874 (Balangiga)
Balangkayan 207.05 9,046 43.7 15 6801 5th 11°28′22″N 125°30′37″E / 11.4727°N 125.5104°E / 11.4727; 125.5104 (Balangkayan)
Borongan 475 64,457 135.7 61 6800 11°36′41″N 125°25′59″E / 11.6115°N 125.4331°E / 11.6115; 125.4331 (Borongan)
Can-avid 288.7 19,785 68.5 28 6806 4th 11°59′48″N 125°26′55″E / 11.9968°N 125.4485°E / 11.9968; 125.4485 (Can-avid)
Dolores 308.58 37,912 122.9 46 6817 5th 12°02′15″N 125°28′57″E / 12.0374°N 125.4825°E / 12.0374; 125.4825 (Dolores)
General MacArthur 117.29 12,214 104.1 30 6805 5th 11°14′42″N 125°32′21″E / 11.2450°N 125.5393°E / 11.2450; 125.5393 (General MacArthur)
Giporlos 97.51 12,040 123.5 18 6811 5th 11°07′16″N 125°26′56″E / 11.1210°N 125.4489°E / 11.1210; 125.4489 (Giporlos)
Guiuan 175.49 47,037 268 60 6809 2nd 11°01′56″N 125°43′28″E / 11.0323°N 125.7245°E / 11.0323; 125.7245 (Guiuan)
Hernani 49.42 8,070 163.3 13 6804 5th 11°19′24″N 125°37′09″E / 11.3233°N 125.6192°E / 11.3233; 125.6192 (Hernani)
Jipapad 234.8 7,397 31.5 13 6819 5th 12°17′10″N 125°14′07″E / 12.2860°N 125.2352°E / 12.2860; 125.2352 (Jipapad)
Lawaan 162.56 11,612 71.4 16 6813 5th 11°08′25″N 125°18′03″E / 11.1403°N 125.3009°E / 11.1403; 125.3009 (Lawaan)
Llorente 496.07 19,101 38.5 33 6803 3rd 11°24′41″N 125°32′45″E / 11.4114°N 125.5459°E / 11.4114; 125.5459 (Llorente)
Maslog 249.8 4,781 19.1 12 6820 5th 12°09′28″N 125°14′50″E / 12.1578°N 125.2471°E / 12.1578; 125.2471 (Maslog)
Maydolong 399.63 13,614 34.1 20 6802 4th 11°30′04″N 125°30′07″E / 11.5010°N 125.5019°E / 11.5010; 125.5019 (Maydolong)
Mercedes 23.32 5,369 230.2 16 6808 5th 11°05′55″N 125°42′37″E / 11.0986°N 125.7103°E / 11.0986; 125.7103 (Mercedes)
Oras 188.7 34,760 184.2 42 6818 4th 12°08′28″N 125°26′27″E / 12.1410°N 125.4408°E / 12.1410; 125.4408 (Oras)
Quinapondan 83.24 13,841 166.3 25 6810 5th 11°09′27″N 125°31′15″E / 11.1574°N 125.5209°E / 11.1574; 125.5209 (Quinapondan)
Salcedo 113.8 19,970 175.5 41 6807 5th 11°08′56″N 125°39′45″E / 11.1488°N 125.6626°E / 11.1488; 125.6626 (Salcedo)
San Julian 150.62 13,748 91.3 16 6814 5th 11°45′15″N 125°27′16″E / 11.7542°N 125.4544°E / 11.7542; 125.4544 (San Julian)
San Policarpo 78 13,836 177.4 17 6821 5th 12°10′46″N 125°30′31″E / 12.1795°N 125.5087°E / 12.1795; 125.5087 (San Policarpo)
Sulat 169.75 15,184 89.4 18 6815 4th 11°48′44″N 125°27′08″E / 11.8122°N 125.4522°E / 11.8122; 125.4522 (Sulat)
Taft 231.27 17,183 74.3 24 6816 4th 11°54′18″N 125°24′59″E / 11.9049°N 125.4164°E / 11.9049; 125.4164 (Taft)
 †  Provincial capital and component city      Municipality
  • Coordinates mark the city/town center vicinity, and are sorted according to latitude.
  • Dashes (—) inside cells indicate unavailable information.

Demographics[edit]

The province has a population of 461,300 as of the 2010 census. The predominant language is Waray.

Population census of
Eastern Samar
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1990 329,335 —    
1995 362,324 +1.80%
2000 375,822 +0.79%
2007 405,114 +1.04%
2010 428,877 +2.10%
Source: National Statistics Office[2]
Languages Spoken (2000)[8]
Language Speakers
Waray
  
366,787
Kapampangan
  
2,067
Binisaya
  
1,613
Cebuano
  
680
Tagalog
  
621
Others
  
2,510
Not Reported
  
846

Religion[edit]

The people of the province are devoted Christians where 96% adhere to Roman Catholicism. The dominant Catholic faith influences the events of the provincial education, politics and social functions of the people. Other Christians usually form the remaining groups of believers such as the Born-again Christians, Protestants, Jehovah's Witnesses, Iglesia Ni Cristo, Baptists, Methodists, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, and Seventh-day Adventists. Non Christians (mostly Muslims) are also found.

Transportation[edit]

The province has one operational airport; Borongan Airport located in the capital city. Currently, only SkyJet Airlines operates out of Borongan Airport with flights weekly to serve locals and tourists to and from Manila.

By land, mini buses and vans ply from the regional center in Tacloban City to some towns in Eastern Samar. From Borongan City, buses ply to Manila. Motorized boats plies through the Leyte Gulf ferrying passengers going to Tacloban City seaport.

Borongan City's Wilsam Uptown Mall, the largest shopping mall in Eastern Samar.

Economy[edit]

Commercial activities in the province are centered on the provincial capital of Borongan City while tourism activities are centered in Guiuan town where Calicoan Island and the historical Homonhon Island are located. Generally, the province's major economic resource is fishery and agriculture which include production of copra, corn, rice, sugar, and vegetables. Tourism potential is untapped on the northern part of the province.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "List of Provinces". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 13 April 2013. 
  2. ^ a b "Population and Annual Growth Rates for The Philippines and Its Regions, Provinces, and Highly Urbanized Cities" (PDF). 2010 Census and Housing Population. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 13 April 2013. 
  3. ^ a b Lancion, Jr., Conrado M.; cartography by de Guzman, Rey (1995). "The Provinces; Eastern Samar". Fast Facts about Philippine Provinces (The 2000 Millenium ed.). Makati, Metro Manila, Philippines: Tahanan Books. p. 72. ISBN 971-630-037-9. Retrieved 4 December 2015. 
  4. ^ "Republic Act No. 4221 - An Act Creating the Provinces of Northern Samar, Eastern Samar and Western Samar". Chan Robles Virtual Law Library. Retrieved 19 December 2015. 
  5. ^ Baylis, Paul; Te-Ping Chen (22 November 2013). "How One Philippine Town Avoided Calamity". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 20 December 2015. 
  6. ^ a b c "Province: Eastern Samar". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 20 December 2015. 
  7. ^ "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010 (Eastern Visayas)" (PDF). 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 20 December 2015. 
  8. ^ Table 4. Household Population by Ethnicity and Sex: Eastern Samar, 2000

External links[edit]