Lalawigan han Sidlangan nga Samar
Lalawigan sa Sidlakang Samar
Lalawigan ng Silangang Samar
|Province of Eastern Samar|
Location in the Philippines
|Region||Eastern Visayas (Region VIII)|
|Founded||June 19, 1965|
|• Type||Province of the Philippines|
|• Governor||Conrado B. Nicart, Jr. (Liberal)|
|• Vice Governor||Marcelo Picardal (LDP)|
|• Total||4,660.47 km2 (1,799.42 sq mi)|
|Area rank||26th out of 80|
|• Rank||60th out of 80|
|• Density||92/km2 (240/sq mi)|
|• Density rank||68th out of 80|
|• Independent cities||0|
|• Component cities||1|
|• Districts||Lone district of Eastern Samar|
|Time zone||PHT (UTC+8)|
|ZIP code||6800 - 6822|
|Spoken languages||Waray-Waray, Cebuano, Tagalog, English|
Eastern Samar (Filipino: Silangang Samar; Cebuano: Sidlakang Samar; Waray-Waray: Sidlangan nga Samar) is a province in the Philippines located in the Eastern Visayas region. Its capital is the city of Borongan. Eastern Samar occupies the eastern portion of the island of Samar. Bordering the province to the north is the province of Northern Samar and to the west is Samar and to the east is the vast Pacific Ocean. off the coast of Leyte Gulf.
During his circumnavigation of the globe, Ferdinand Magellan had set foot on the tiny island of Homonhon in the southern part of the province. On March 16, 1521, the area of what is now Eastern Samar is said to be the first Philippine landmass spotted by Magellan and his crew.
Eastern Samar, as a province, was created from Samar by virtue of Republic Act No. 4221 on June 19, 1965. Congressmen Eladio T. Balite (1st Dist. Samar), Fernando R. Veloso (2nd Dist. Samar), and Felipe J. Abrigo (3rd Dist. Samar), authored Republic Act 4221 which was approved by Congress in 1963. The law, ratified in a plebiscite on June 19, 1965, divided Samar into three, namely, Northern Samar, Eastern Samar and (Western) Samar.
The province has a population of 461,300 as of the 2010 census. The predominant language is Waray.
|Population census of
|Source: National Statistics Office|
The people of the province are devoted Christians where 96% adhere to Roman Catholicism. The dominant Catholic faith influences the events of the provincial education, politics and social functions of the people. Other Christians usually form the remaining groups of believers such as the Born-again Christians, Protestants, Jehovah's Witnesses, Iglesia Ni Cristo, Baptists, Methodists, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, and Seventh-day Adventists. Non Christians (mostly Muslims) are also found.
The province has one operational airport; Borongan Airport located in the capital city. Currently, only SkyJet Airlines operates out of Borongan Airport with flights weekly to serve locals and tourists to and from Manila.
By land, mini buses and vans ply from the regional center in Tacloban City to some towns in Eastern Samar. From Borongan City, buses ply to Manila. Motorized boats plies through the Leyte Gulf ferrying passengers going to Tacloban City seaport.
Commercial activities in the province are centered on the provincial capital of Borongan City while tourism activities are centered in Guiuan town where Calicoan Island and the historical Homonhon Island are located. Generally, the province's major economic resource is fishery and agriculture which include production of copra, corn, rice, sugar, and vegetables. Tourism potential is untapped on the northern part of the province.
- "List of Provinces". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 13 April 2013.
- "Population and Annual Growth Rates for The Philippines and Its Regions, Provinces, and Highly Urbanized Cities" (PDF). 2010 Census and Housing Population. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 13 April 2013.
- Lancion, Jr., Conrado M.; cartography by de Guzman, Rey (1995). "The Provinces; Eastern Samar". Fast Facts about Philippine Provinces (The 2000 Millenium ed.). Makati, Metro Manila, Philippines: Tahanan Books. p. 72. ISBN 971-630-037-9. Retrieved 4 December 2015.
- "Republic Act No. 4221 - An Act Creating the Provinces of Northern Samar, Eastern Samar and Western Samar". Chan Robles Virtual Law Library. Retrieved 19 December 2015.
- Baylis, Paul; Te-Ping Chen (22 November 2013). "How One Philippine Town Avoided Calamity". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 20 December 2015.
- "Province: Eastern Samar". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 20 December 2015.
- "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010 (Eastern Visayas)" (PDF). 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 20 December 2015.
- Table 4. Household Population by Ethnicity and Sex: Eastern Samar, 2000
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Eastern Samar.|
- Geographic data related to Eastern Samar at OpenStreetMap
- Philippine Standard Geographic Code
- Local Governance Performance Management System