Eastern Thailand

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Eastern Region
Pattaya in daytime
Port of Laem Chabang
Khao Khitchakut National Park
Ko Chang Long Beach Road
Wat Sothonwararam
Eastern Region in Thailand
Eastern Region in Thailand
Largest cityChaophraya Surasak City
 • Total34,380 km2 (13,270 sq mi)
 • Total4,743,840
 • Density140/km2 (360/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+7 (Thailand)

Eastern Thailand is a region of Thailand bordering Cambodia on the east, Northeastern Thailand in the north, and central Thailand on the west.


Eastern Thailand lies between the Sankamphaeng Range, which forms a natural border with the Khorat Plateau to the north and the Gulf of Thailand to the south. The geography of the region is characterised by short mountain ranges alternating with small basins of short rivers which drain into the Gulf of Thailand.

Fruit is a major component of agriculture in the area, and tourism plays a strong part in the economy. The region's coastal location has helped promote eastern seaboard industrial development, a major factor in the economy of the region.[1]

Islands off Eastern Thailand's coast include Ko Sichang, Ko Lan, Ko Samet, and Ko Chang.

National parks[edit]

Within the eastern region there are some eight national parks. Pang Sida National Park covering 844 km2 in Sa Kaeo province, it constitues a part of the Dong Phayayen-Khao Yai Forest Complex UNESCO World Heritage Site, covering in total around 6,100 km2. Mu Ko Chang National Park in Trat province includes 85 per cent of Thailands second largest island Ko Chang. The beaches on the western coast of Ko Chang have been excluded from the national park for reason of facilitating the tourism industry. Mu Ko Samet National Park in Rayong province is just 6 km long by 3 km wide with beaches covered with some of the finest white sand in the country.

Administrative divisions[edit]

According to the six geographical regions established by the National Research Council of Thailand, the eastern region includes seven provinces.

Thailand East TMD.png

The Thai Meteorological Department and the Office of the National Economic and Social Development Council[2] both also include province Nakhon Nayok in the Eastern region.

Thailand Eastern provinces.png
Flag Seal   Province Capital DOPA Popul. Area
Dens. ISO
Flag of Chonburi Province.png Seal Chonburi.png 1 Chonburi Chonburi 9 1,535,445 4,363 352 TH-20
Rayong Flag.png Seal Chonburi.png 2 Rayong Rayong 50 723,316 3,552 204 TH-21
Chanthaburi Flag.png Seal Chanthaburi.png 3 Chanthaburi Chanthaburi 7 536,496 6,338 85 TH-22
Trat Flag.png Seal Trat.png 4 Trat Trat 16 229,914 2,819 82 TH-23
Chachoengsao Flag.png Seal Chachoengsao.png 5 Chachoengsao Chachoengsao 8 715,009 5,351 134 TH-24
Prachin Buri Flag.png Seal Prachinburi.png 6 Prachin Buri Prachin Buri 31 491,640 4,762 103 TH-25
Sa Kaeo Flag.png Seal of Sa Kaeo Province.png 7 Sa Kaeo Sa Kaeo 63 564,092 7,195 78 TH-27

Population is based on "Statistics, population and house statistics for the year 2018" from Registration Office Department of the Interior. Reference date is 31 December 2018.[3]
Area is based on "Data that has been supplied by Land Development Department, Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives.[4]


  1. ^ Eastern Seaboard Development Programme - Rayong Archived March 8, 2016, at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ "National account". p. 37. Retrieved 6 August 2019.
  3. ^ "ร่ยงานสถิติจำนวนประชากรและบ้านประจำปี พ.ศ.2561" [Statistics, population and house statistics for the year 2018]. Registration Office Department of the Interior, Ministry of the Interior (in Thai). 31 December 2018. Retrieved 20 June 2019.
  4. ^ Advancing Human Development through the ASEAN Community, Thailand Human Development Report 2014, table 0:Basic Data (PDF) (Report). United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Thailand. pp. 134–135. ISBN 978-974-680-368-7. Retrieved 17 January 2016Data has been supplied by Land Development Department, Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives. Thai state data are public domain.

External links[edit]

See also[edit]

Coordinates: 13°27′N 101°36′E / 13.450°N 101.600°E / 13.450; 101.600