Eastland, Texas

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Eastland, Texas
Downtown Eastland, Texas
Downtown Eastland, Texas
Location of Eastland, Texas
Location of Eastland, Texas
Eastland County Eastland.svg
Coordinates: 32°23′55″N 98°49′16″W / 32.39861°N 98.82111°W / 32.39861; -98.82111Coordinates: 32°23′55″N 98°49′16″W / 32.39861°N 98.82111°W / 32.39861; -98.82111
CountryUnited States
StateTexas
CountyEastland
Area
 • Total4.39 sq mi (11.38 km2)
 • Land4.36 sq mi (11.30 km2)
 • Water0.03 sq mi (0.07 km2)
Elevation
1,440 ft (439 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total3,960
 • Estimate 
(2019)[2]
3,850
 • Density882.22/sq mi (340.59/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
76448
Area code254
FIPS code48-22132[3]
GNIS feature ID1335045[4]
Websitewww.cityofeastland.com

Eastland is a city in Eastland County, Texas, United States. Its population was 3,960 at the 2010 census.[5] It is the county seat of Eastland County.[6]

History[edit]

During the 1920s, Eastland, like nearby Cisco, Ranger, and Desdemona, was a petroleum boomtown.

Eastland is known for the legend of "Old Rip", a horned toad that allegedly lived many years sealed in the cornerstone of the previous Eastland courthouse built in 1897.

The recession of 1921 exacerbated racial tensions between Anglos and Mexicans. Naturally, unemployment increased in town and Whites attempted to oust Mexicans who were hired during the WWI boom. Masked men ravaged shacks used by Mexicans as living quarters. Whites threatened Mexicans' lives, and fearful, they fled to nearby Fort Worth to seek help from the Mexican Consulate, since local authorities took the side of the Anglo locals.[7]

In 1928, the current courthouse was erected, the prior cornerstone was opened, and "Old Rip" was allegedly found alive. The animal, a kind of lizard, received national publicity. It died in 1929 of pneumonia, and was placed in a glass-front casket on view in the present courthouse.[8]

Geography[edit]

Eastland is located north of the center of Eastland County at 32°23′55″N 98°49′16″W / 32.39861°N 98.82111°W / 32.39861; -98.82111 (32.398715, −98.821144).[9] It is 96 miles (154 km) west-southwest of Fort Worth and 55 miles (89 km) east of Abilene. The city is accessed by Interstate 20 between exits 340 to the south and 343 to the east.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.6 sq mi (9.2 km2), all of it land.[5]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
187088
1880539512.5%
1900596
191085543.5%
19209,368995.7%
19304,648−50.4%
19403,849−17.2%
19503,626−5.8%
19603,292−9.2%
19703,178−3.5%
19803,74717.9%
19903,690−1.5%
20003,7692.1%
20103,9605.1%
2019 (est.)3,850[2]−2.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[10]

2020 census[edit]

Eastland racial composition[11]
(NH = Non-Hispanic)[a]
Race Number Percentage
White (NH) 2,632 72.93%
Black or African American (NH) 56 1.55%
Native American or Alaska Native (NH) 13 0.36%
Asian (NH) 40 1.11%
Some Other Race (NH) 1 0.03%
Mixed/Multi-Racial (NH) 121 3.35%
Hispanic or Latino 746 20.67%
Total 3,609

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 3,609 people, 1,535 households, and 950 families residing in the city.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[3] of 2000, 3,769 people, 1,475 households, and 998 families were living in the city. The population density was 1,333.1 people/ sq mi (514.2/km2). The 1,737 housing units averaged 614.4/sq mi (237.0/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 91.64% White, 1.80% African American, 0.53% Native American, 0.13% Asian, 4.72% from other races, and 1.17% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 12.89% of the population.

Of the 1,475 households, 33.8% had children under 18 living with them, 53.2% were married couples living together, 10.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.3% were not families. About 29.4% of all households were made up of individuals, and 15.5% had someone living alone who was 65 or older. The average household size was 2.45, and the average family size was 3.04.

In the city, theage distribution was 25.7% under 18, 9.1% from 18 to 24, 25.2% from 25 to 44, 20.2% from 45 to 64, and 19.8% who were 65 or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 89.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $28,277, and for a family was $34,333. Males had a median income of $27,072 versus $16,574 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,339. About 14.2% of families and 17.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.0% of those under age 18 and 12.7% of those age 65 or over.

Government[edit]

The Texas Eleventh Court of Appeals is located in the Eastland County Courthouse in Eastland.[14]

Education[edit]

The city is served by the Eastland Independent School District and is home of the Eastland Mavericks.

Notable people[edit]

Climate[edit]

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen climate classification, Eastland has a humid subtropical climate, Cfa on climate maps.[15]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 7, 2020.
  2. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  3. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  5. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Census Summary File 1 (G001): Eastland city, Texas". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved March 22, 2016.
  6. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2012-07-12. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  7. ^ Chicano! The History of the Mexican American Civil Rights Movement, p. 113
  8. ^ "Eastland, Texas", 2009 Texas State Travel Guide, p. 121
  9. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  10. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  11. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved 2022-05-21.
  12. ^ http://www.census.gov[not specific enough to verify]
  13. ^ "About the Hispanic Population and its Origin". www.census.gov. Retrieved 18 May 2022.
  14. ^ "Contact Information Archived 2010-01-25 at the Wayback Machine." Texas Eleventh Court of Appeals. Retrieved on March 10, 2010.
  15. ^ Climate Summary for Eastland, Texas
  1. ^ Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.[12][13]

External links[edit]