Eastland County, Texas

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Eastland County
Eastland County Courthouse
Eastland County Courthouse
Map of Texas highlighting Eastland County
Location within the U.S. state of Texas
Map of the United States highlighting Texas
Texas's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 32°20′N 98°50′W / 32.33°N 98.83°W / 32.33; -98.83
Country United States
State Texas
Founded1873
SeatEastland
Largest cityEastland
Area
 • Total932 sq mi (2,410 km2)
 • Land926 sq mi (2,400 km2)
 • Water5.4 sq mi (14 km2)  0.6%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total17,725
 • Density19/sq mi (7.3/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district11th
Websitewww.eastlandcountytexas.com
The Confederate States of America monument on the courthouse lawn in Eastland
Across from the courthouse is the Eastland County Museum and Historical Society building.
The Eastland Telegram newspaper serves Eastland County.

Eastland County is a county located in central West Texas. As of the 2020 census, its population was 17,725.[1] The county seat is Eastland.[2] The county was founded in 1858 and later organized in 1873.[3] It is named for William Mosby Eastland, a soldier during the Texas Revolution and the only officer to die as a result of the "Black Bean executions" of the Mier Expedition.

Two Eastland County communities, Cisco and Ranger, have junior colleges.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 932 sq mi (2,410 km2), of which 5.4 sq mi (14 km2) (0.6%) are covered by water.[4]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
186099
187088−11.1%
18804,8555,417.0%
189010,373113.7%
190017,97173.2%
191023,42130.3%
192058,505149.8%
193034,156−41.6%
194030,345−11.2%
195023,942−21.1%
196019,526−18.4%
197018,092−7.3%
198019,4807.7%
199018,488−5.1%
200018,297−1.0%
201018,5831.6%
202017,725−4.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
1850–2010[6] 2010[7] 2020[8]

2020 census[edit]

Eastland County, Texas – demographic profile
(NH = Non-Hispanic)
Race / Ethnicity Pop 2010[7] Pop 2020[8] % 2010 % 2020
White alone (NH) 15,271 13,653 82.18% 77.03%
Black or African American alone (NH) 318 335 1.71% 1.89%
Native American or Alaska Native alone (NH) 92 96 0.50% 0.54%
Asian alone (NH) 62 95 0.33% 0.54%
Pacific Islander alone (NH) 8 16 0.04% 0.09%
Some Other Race alone (NH) 8 26 0.04% 0.15%
Mixed Race/Multi-Racial (NH) 151 570 0.81% 3.22%
Hispanic or Latino (any race) 2,673 2,934 14.38% 16.55%
Total 18,583 17,725 100.00% 100.00%

Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.

2000 Census[edit]

As of the census[9] of 2000, 18,297 people, 7,321 households, and 5,036 families resided in the county. The population density was 20 inhabitants per square mile (7.7/km2). The 9,547 housing units averaged 10 per square mile (3.9/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 91.03% White, 2.18% African American, 0.48% Native American, 0.21% Asian, 4.85% from other races, and 1.25% from two or more races. About 10.80% of the population was Hispanic or Latino of any race.

Of the 7,321 households, 27.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.40% were married couples living together, 9.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.20% were not families. About 28.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 16.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 2.93.

In the county, the population was distributed as 23.20% under 18, 9.80% from 18 to 24, 22.30% from 25 to 44, 23.90% from 45 to 64, and 20.90% who were 65 or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.60 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $26,832, and for a family was $33,562. Males had a median income of $25,598 versus $17,112 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,870. About 12.10% of families and 16.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.10% of those under age 18 and 14.80% of those age 65 or over.

Eastland Complex fires of 2022[edit]

Eastland Complex fires of 2022
LocationCentral Texas
Statistics
Total fires382
Total area54,463 acres (22,040 ha)
CostUnknown
Date(s)March 17, 2022
Buildings destroyed50
Deaths1
Non-fatal injuries1

On March 17, 2022, a fire complex formed around 3 km (0 mi) SE of Romney.[10] It was claimed to have been started by drought condition and is now 70% contained. The biggest fire so far is the Kidd fire, burning about 42,333 acres.[11]

Smoke from the fires reached as far as Houston.[12]

Education[edit]

Despite its small population, the county is home to two community colleges – Cisco College and Ranger College, located in their respective towns.

Media[edit]

Eastland County is part of the Abilene/Sweetwater/Brownwood television viewing area in west-central Texas. Local news media outlets include KRBC-TV, KTXS-TV, KXVA, and KTAB-TV. In the cities of Eastland, Ranger, and Cisco on Suddenlink Communications Cable Television service, residents can view the Dallas/Fort Worth market stations WFAA-TV and KERA-TV.

Eastland County is also served by four local newspapers: the Eastland Telegram, the Rising Star, Ranger Times, and Cisco Press.

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Towns[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Ghost towns[edit]

Politics[edit]

United States presidential election results for Eastland County, Texas[13]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 7,237 87.27% 983 11.85% 73 0.88%
2016 6,011 86.33% 776 11.14% 176 2.53%
2012 5,444 83.82% 970 14.93% 81 1.25%
2008 5,165 79.35% 1,271 19.53% 73 1.12%
2004 5,249 76.55% 1,582 23.07% 26 0.38%
2000 4,531 70.64% 1,774 27.66% 109 1.70%
1996 3,272 49.61% 2,594 39.33% 730 11.07%
1992 2,830 38.87% 2,738 37.60% 1,713 23.53%
1988 3,929 54.83% 3,215 44.86% 22 0.31%
1984 4,841 65.52% 2,522 34.13% 26 0.35%
1980 3,442 50.05% 3,346 48.65% 89 1.29%
1976 2,340 34.95% 4,320 64.53% 35 0.52%
1972 4,106 71.50% 1,630 28.38% 7 0.12%
1968 2,453 38.63% 2,884 45.42% 1,013 15.95%
1964 2,049 30.35% 4,692 69.49% 11 0.16%
1960 3,359 52.09% 3,058 47.42% 32 0.50%
1956 3,580 58.61% 2,512 41.13% 16 0.26%
1952 4,518 57.15% 3,370 42.63% 18 0.23%
1948 1,177 17.66% 5,121 76.83% 367 5.51%
1944 643 10.59% 4,607 75.87% 822 13.54%
1940 1,063 15.43% 5,818 84.48% 6 0.09%
1936 724 13.36% 4,659 85.99% 35 0.65%
1932 598 10.76% 4,958 89.24% 0 0.00%
1928 3,233 56.38% 2,501 43.62% 0 0.00%
1924 972 17.11% 4,548 80.04% 162 2.85%
1920 941 23.13% 2,942 72.30% 186 4.57%
1916 146 7.53% 1,486 76.64% 307 15.83%
1912 66 3.99% 1,498 90.51% 91 5.50%


See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Eastland County, Texas". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 23 February 2021.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 12 July 2012. Retrieved 7 June 2011.
  3. ^ "Texas: Individual County Chronologies". Texas Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2008. Retrieved 23 May 2015.
  4. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. 22 August 2012. Retrieved 26 April 2015.
  5. ^ "Census of Population and Housing from 1790-2000". US Census Bureau. Retrieved 24 January 2022.
  6. ^ "Texas Almanac: Population History of Counties from 1850–2010" (PDF). Texas Almanac. Retrieved 26 April 2015.
  7. ^ a b "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE – 2010: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) – Eastland County, Texas". United States Census Bureau.
  8. ^ a b "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE – 2020: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) – Eastland County, Texas". United States Census Bureau.
  9. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 14 May 2011.
  10. ^ Gutschke, Laura; Bethel, Brian (18 March 2022) [2022-03-17]. "Area wildfires: Buildings in Ranger catch fire; Eastland, Coleman counties hit hard too". Abilene Reporter-News. OCLC 6791837. Archived from the original on 18 March 2022. Retrieved 19 March 2022.
  11. ^ Joe Sutton, Amir Vera (21 March 2022) [2022-03-21]. "178 Texas fires have torched more than 108,000 acres in the past week. But one major fire is now under control". OCLC 6791837. Retrieved 22 March 2022.
  12. ^ Pantaleo, Diane (19 March 2022) [2022-03-18]. "What we know about the Eastland Complex fires". Abilene Reporter-News. OCLC 6791837. Archived from the original on 19 March 2022. Retrieved 19 March 2022.
  13. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 22 July 2018.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 32°20′N 98°50′W / 32.33°N 98.83°W / 32.33; -98.83