Coordinates: 50°58′00″N 1°21′00″W / 50.966667°N 1.35°W / 50.966667; -1.35
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Old Town Hall Eastleigh.JPG
The Point, Eastleigh's old town hall
Eastleigh is located in Hampshire
Location within Hampshire
Population24,011 (unparished area, 2011 census)
OS grid referenceSU4563818844
Civil parish
  • Eastleigh Town[1]
Shire county
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Postcode districtSO50
Dialling code023
PoliceHampshire and Isle of Wight
FireHampshire and Isle of Wight
AmbulanceSouth Central
UK Parliament
List of places
50°58′00″N 1°21′00″W / 50.966667°N 1.35°W / 50.966667; -1.35

Eastleigh is a town in Hampshire, England, between Southampton and Winchester. It is the largest town and the administrative seat of the Borough of Eastleigh, with a population of 24,011 at the 2011 census.

The town lies on the River Itchen, one of England's premier chalk streams for fly fishing, and a designated site of Special Scientific Interest.[2][3] The area was originally villages until the 19th century, when Eastleigh was developed as a railway town by the London and South-Western Railway.


Eastleigh rail yard in 1984
Victorian bandstand in the recreation ground

The modern town of Eastleigh lies on the old Roman road, built in A.D.79 between Winchester (Venta Belgarum) and Bitterne (Clausentum).[4][5][6] Roman remains discovered in the Eastleigh area, including a Roman lead coffin excavated in 1908,[7] indicate that a settlement probably existed here in Roman times.[4][8][9]

A Saxon village called 'East Leah' has been recorded to have existed since 932 AD.[10] ('Leah' is an ancient Anglo-Saxon word meaning 'a clearing in a forest').[10] There is additional evidence of this settlement in a survey from the time which details land in North Stoneham being granted by King Æthelstan to his military aid, Alfred in 932 AD.[4][8][11] The prefix 'Est' or 'East' is thought to refer to its location relative to the established settlement of Baddesley.[4]

The Domesday Book of 1086 gives a more detailed account of the settlement, which is referred to as 'Estleie'.[4]

In 1838 the London and South Western Railway Company (L&SWR) built a railway from Southampton to Winchester.[10][12] It was decided to build a station near the little village of Barton. This railway station was originally named Bishopstoke Junction.[10] In 1868 the villages of Barton and Eastley were combined into one parish.[10] A parish church, the Church of the Resurrection, was built in the same year, at a cost of £2,300.[13] A local noted author of many novels, Charlotte Yonge, donated £500 towards the building of the church.[14] She was rewarded by being given the privilege to choose a name for the 'new' parish; either Barton or Eastly. She chose Eastly, but with a new modern spelling; Eastleigh.[14] In 1891 the L&SWR Carriage and Wagon Works from Nine Elms in London were transferred to Eastleigh. This was followed by the Nine Elms Locomotive Works which were moved there in 1909. These railway works were closed in 2006 but have since reopened, albeit on a smaller scale.

Eastleigh has seen a rapid and controlled expansion in residential, industrial and commercial development over recent years. The borough of Eastleigh was ranked the "9th best place to live in the UK 2006" by a Channel 4 programme.[15]

Supermarine Spitfire Mk IX

The United States Navy established a naval air station on 23 July 1918 to assemble and repair Caproni Ca.5 and Airco DH.4 and DH.9 bombers for the Northern Bombing Group of the First World War. The base closed shortly after the First Armistice at Compiègne.[16] Perhaps Eastleigh's best-known 'resident' is the Spitfire aeroplane which was built in Southampton and first flown from Eastleigh Aerodrome. A replica has recently been placed on the roundabout at the entrance to the airport.

Eastleigh Museum, which is to be found in the High Street, holds information about the town and the surrounding villages, including Bishopstoke which had been the largest residential area.


Eastleigh has two further education colleges: Barton Peveril Sixth Form College (where Colin Firth was a pupil) and Eastleigh College (both on the same road). Crestwood Community School is the secondary school for the town, and primary schools include Cherbourg Primary School, Norwood Primary School, Nightingale Primary School, the Crescent Primary School and Shakespeare Infant and Junior Schools to the north of the town.[17]


Emmanuel Baptist Church

The Anglican parish church is All Saints in Desborough Road.[18] The Roman Catholic Church of the Holy Cross was built in Leigh Road in 1902 to replace an early tin church.[19] Emmanuel Baptist Church was founded in the early 1930s, in the former Desborough Mission Hall in Desborough Road. The building dates to 1905.[20]

Eastleigh Baptist Church is situated in Wells Place and was previously called Union Baptist Church.[21] Adjacent to the main church building is the Wells Place Centre, built on the site of a former dairy which itself replaced a bacon factory.[22]

St Andrew's Methodist Church is located on Blenheim Road.[23]

Junction Church has premises in Eastleigh's High Street[24] and Thrive Church meets at the Pavilion on the Park.[25]


Eastleigh F.C.[edit]

Eastleigh F.C. are the town's sole senior football team playing, from 2014 to 2015, in the Conference Premier (after promotion from the Conference South in 2013–14) as well as entering the FA Cup and the FA Trophy. They are known as The Spitfires.

Solent Kestrels[edit]

Solent Kestrels are the town and area's basketball club, and compete in the English Basketball League Division 1, the second highest level of the sport in the country, behind the nationwide British Basketball League. The team were promoted to Division 1 in 2016, after finishing as champions of Division 2 in the 2015–16 season. They are coached by Matt Guymon and play home games at the Fleming Park Leisure Centre.

Eastleigh Ladies Hockey Club[edit]

Eastleigh Ladies Hockey Club is based in South Hampshire. It fields 2 teams in the Hampshire Women's League (playing Saturdays), as well as playing floodlit and indoor league games (playing on weekdays).

Eastleigh Rugby Football Club[edit]

Eastleigh Rugby Football Club play from "the Hub" in Eastleigh. They currently have four senior sides, colts and young player development, their 1st XV currently play in the London 2 South West. Also based at the Hub are "the Hurricanes", a team for young adults with learning difficulties.

Eastleigh Running Club[edit]

There is a broadly based running club.[26]


Eastleigh is represented in the House of Commons by Conservative MP Paul Holmes. He was first elected for the constituency at the 2019 general election with a majority of 9,147 votes, taking over from Mims Davies, the Conservative MP who took the seat in 2015.[27] Mike Thornton of the Liberal Democrats was elected at the 2013 by-election with a majority of 1,771 votes after the resignation of Chris Huhne, in a by-election that was closely fought with UKIP coming in second and the Conservatives finishing in third place.

In 2005 Huhne had been elected as the Liberal Democrat Member of Parliament (MP) for the Eastleigh constituency after the previous MP (David Chidgey, also Liberal Democrat) retired. Eastleigh has a tradition of close contests, and Huhne narrowly beat the Conservative candidate Conor Burns with the second lowest swing against the Liberal Democrats of any seat with a retiring MP (2.6%). David Chidgey had succeeded the Conservative MP Stephen Milligan after his high-profile death. Chris Huhne was appointed as Secretary of State for Energy and Climate Change following the 2010 general election. Huhne resigned the seat in February 2013 after pleading guilty to perverting the course of justice over a 2003 speeding case.[28]

Eastleigh Borough Council currently has 34 Liberal Democrats, 3 independent and 2 Conservative Councillors. On 1 April 2021 the town of Eastleigh became a civil parish, having previously been an unparished area within the borough.[29]


The B&Q head office is on Chestnut Avenue in Chandler's Ford, Eastleigh.[30] The town was formerly home to a Mr Kipling bakery.[31]

Eastleigh is also home to a manufacturing plant owned by Prysmian Cables & Systems.


Eastleigh railway station in 2009


Southampton Airport is located in Eastleigh; it is the 20th largest airport in the UK. The airport is served by a dedicated main line railway station, Southampton Airport Parkway, which is the next station stop south (5 minutes) from Eastleigh. The airport codes are (IATA: SOU, ICAO: EGHI).


Eastleigh railway station is on the South West Main Line from London Waterloo and Winchester to Southampton Central, Bournemouth, Poole and Weymouth; South Western Railway provides services to those places. Eastleigh is also the junction station for two other routes: the Eastleigh-Fareham line and the Eastleigh-Romsey line.


Eastleigh has bus services provided by Stagecoach South, Bluestar, First Hampshire & Dorset, Wilts & Dorset and Xelabus.


Eastleigh is also located close to the junction between the M3 motorway and M27 motorway, giving easy road access to London, Southampton, Winchester, Bournemouth and Portsmouth.

Swan Centre[edit]

The Swan Shopping Centre opened in 1989, and was built in the heart of the town's Victorian 'grid iron' road layout and blocked off Market Street and High Street – although through access was possible for pedestrians while the centre was open. The Swan Centre included a French-style café and a new library[32] (replacing the former library situated in the Park, now used as part of The Point)

Notable people[edit]

Famous people linked to Eastleigh include Chrystabel Leighton-Porter, the model for the Second World War cartoon character Jane,[33] and Benny Hill who both lived in the town.[34] Hill's first job was at Woolworths on Leigh Road, Eastleigh. He then moved on to be a milkman for Hanns Dairies, on Factory Road, now Wells Place. His time working in Eastleigh on a horse-drawn milk float gave him his inspiration for his hit record, Ernie, The Fastest Milkman In The West.[35][36] In Hill's honour, a plaque has been put up close to the site of the now demolished Hanns Dairies building[36] and a new road has been named Benny Hill Close, though many of the people who had bought the new homes were not happy with the decision. An alternative suggestion was Cowpat Lane.[37]

Sir Arthur Young, the eminent chief of police, was born at 55 Chamberlayne Road in 1907. Sporting notables include Tommy Green who won an Olympic Gold Medal at the 1932 Los Angeles Games in the 50K walk, and Vince Hawkins who was British Middleweight Boxing Champion in the late 1940s.[38][39][40]

Other notable residents of Eastleigh include:

Twin towns and sister cities[edit]

Eastleigh is twinned[41] with:

It has a "sister city" relationship[41] with:

"friendship link" with Russia Kimry was suspended due to Russian invasion of Ukraine[41]

See also[edit]



  1. ^ "Eastleigh Town". Ordnance Survey. Retrieved 3 July 2021.
  2. ^ Hampshire and Isle of Wight Wildlife Trust Archived 24 August 2009 at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ Fact file on the River Itchen Archived 5 June 2011 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ a b c d e Nicola Gosling: 1986, Page 4
  5. ^ "Archaeology Object Database – Southampton City Council". sccwww1.southampton.gov.uk. Southampton City Council. Archived from the original on 19 April 2010. Retrieved 28 March 2010.
  6. ^ "VENTA BELGARVM". roman-britain.org. Archived from the original on 16 January 2010. Retrieved 28 March 2010.
  7. ^ "Hampshire Treasures: Volume 13 ( Eastleigh), Page 3 – Bishopstoke, Entry 04". hants.gov.uk. Archived from the original on 5 June 2011. Retrieved 29 March 2010.
  8. ^ a b "Bishopstoke Parish Council: History". bishopstokepc.hampshire.org.uk. Archived from the original on 27 February 2011. Retrieved 28 March 2010.
  9. ^ "Chandlers Ford – Local History". chandlersfordonline.com. Archived from the original on 9 March 2009. Retrieved 29 March 2010.
  10. ^ a b c d e "A History of Eastleigh". www.localhistories.org. Retrieved 21 December 2009.
  11. ^ "Bishopstoke Parish Council website". bishopstokepc.hampshire.org.uk. Archived from the original on 26 May 2010. Retrieved 28 March 2010.
  12. ^ Williams, R. A. (1968) The London & South Western Railway, v. 1: The formative years, and v. 2: Growth and consolidation, David and Charles, ISBN 0-7153-4188-X; ISBN 0-7153-5940-1
  13. ^ Clarke, Kathleen: 1995, Page 6
  14. ^ a b Clarke, Kathleen: 1995, Page 7
  15. ^ "BEST AND WORST PLACES TO LIVE 2006: Eastleigh". Channel 4. Archived from the original on 3 February 2008. Retrieved 16 November 2007.
  16. ^ Van Wyen, Adrian O. (1969). Naval Aviation in World War I. Washington, D.C.: Chief of Naval Operations. p. 80.
  17. ^ "Hampshire schools by area: Eastleigh". Hantsweb. Hampshire County Council. Archived from the original on 14 September 2008. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  18. ^ "Eastleigh Parish". Easleigh Parish. Retrieved 6 November 2018.
  19. ^ "History". Holy Cross. The Catholic Parish of St Swithin Wells. Archived from the original on 12 September 2016. Retrieved 6 November 2018.
  20. ^ Kelly's Directory of Southampton and Neighbourhood. 1907. pp. 512 & 516. Archived from the original on 24 May 2006.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  21. ^ "Hettie's hundred years at Eastleigh". baptisttimes.co.uk. Retrieved 22 November 2021.
  22. ^ "Changing Eastleigh – History of Bishopstoke, Hampshire". Retrieved 22 November 2021.
  23. ^ "Winchester, Eastleigh & Romsey - St Andrews, Eastleigh". www.wermethodistcircuit.org.uk. Retrieved 22 November 2021.
  24. ^ "Junction Church, Eastleigh - A Church For Everyone". Junction Church, Eastleigh. Retrieved 22 November 2021.
  25. ^ "Thrive Church". www.thrivechurch.uk. Retrieved 22 November 2021.
  26. ^ "Eastleigh Running Club". eastleighrunningclub.org.uk.
  27. ^ "Eastleigh (Constituency) 2015 results". UK Parliament. UK Parliament. Retrieved 28 January 2021.
  28. ^ Norman Smith (3 February 2012). "BBC News – Chris Huhne quits cabinet over speeding claims charge". BBC.co.uk. Retrieved 12 March 2013.
  29. ^ "The Eastleigh Borough Council (Reorganisation of Community Governance) Order 2021" (PDF). Eastleigh Borough Council. Retrieved 3 July 2021.
  30. ^ "Company Information." B&Q. Retrieved on 25 March 2012. "B&Q Plc B&Q House Chestnut Avenue Chandlers Ford Eastleigh Hampshire SO53 3LE "
  31. ^ Manor Bakery Closure is a Blow for Local Economy and Break with History Archived 7 August 2011 at the Wayback Machine
  32. ^ "Swan Shopping Centre Eastleigh". 2007–2009 Swan Shopping Centre, Eastleigh. Retrieved 27 June 2009.
  33. ^ "Racy Cartoons of the WW II Years: "Jane"". skylighters.org. Archived from the original on 10 June 2007. Retrieved 9 June 2008.
  34. ^ "Late 20th Century". eastleighso50.tripod.com. Retrieved 27 March 2010.
  35. ^ "Benny Hill saluted by the south". BBC News. 6 August 2009. Retrieved 29 March 2010.
  36. ^ a b "Eastleigh". Southern Life. Archived from the original on 7 April 2010. Retrieved 29 March 2010.
  37. ^ "Benny Hill's no joke". Daily Echo. Retrieved 14 April 2022.
  38. ^ Adams, Melanie (2 December 2008). "Post-war boxing champion Vince Hawkins dies aged 85". Southern Daily Echo. Southampton. Retrieved 20 December 2009.
  39. ^ "Vince Hawkins". Boxrec Boxing Encyclopaedia. Retrieved 20 December 2009.
  40. ^ Clarke, Kathleen: 1995, Page 61
  41. ^ a b c "Twin Towns & Twinning Association". Eastleigh Borough Council. Retrieved 30 July 2015.


External links[edit]