Eastman, Georgia

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Eastman, Georgia
City of Eastman
Eastman City Hall in Eastman
Eastman City Hall in Eastman
Nicknames: 
Azalea City, Paris of the Wiregrass[1]
Location in Dodge County and the state of Georgia
Location in Dodge County and the state of Georgia
Coordinates: 32°11′52″N 83°10′45″W / 32.19778°N 83.17917°W / 32.19778; -83.17917Coordinates: 32°11′52″N 83°10′45″W / 32.19778°N 83.17917°W / 32.19778; -83.17917
CountryUnited States
StateGeorgia
CountyDodge
Area
 • Total5.47 sq mi (14.16 km2)
 • Land5.42 sq mi (14.03 km2)
 • Water0.05 sq mi (0.13 km2)
Elevation
390 ft (119 m)
Population
 • Total4,962
 • Estimate 
(2016)[2]
5,157
 • Density916/sq mi (353.8/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
31023
Area code(s)478
FIPS code13-25552[3]
GNIS feature ID0355610[4]
Websitecityofeastman.com

Eastman is a city in Dodge County, Georgia, United States. The population was 4,962 at the 2010 census.[5] Named after one of the founders who contributed a site and paid for the county courthouse, the city was established in 1871, and is the county seat of Dodge County.[6]

In the 19th century, this was a center of the timber and sawmill industry. During the Great Depression in 1937, the first Stuckey's Pecan Shoppe, once well-known along roadways throughout the United States, was founded in Eastman.

History[edit]

The first permanent settlement of the area took place in 1840.[7] The population continued to grow when, in 1869, a station was built for the newly constructed Macon and Brunswick Railroad which passed through the area, stimulating an economic boom. The settlement was originally named Levison and was renamed Eastman by December 1869. Eastman was designated as the seat of newly formed Dodge County in 1871. It was incorporated as a town in 1873 and as a city in 1905.[8] Eastman is named for W. P. Eastman, who, with W. E. Dodge, presented the county with a courthouse.[9]

During that same time period, Ira Roe Foster, former Quartermaster General of Georgia, operated a sawmill in Dodge County. In 1869, Foster built a residence in what would become Eastman. Foster was one of many who came to the area to participate in the timber and sawmill boom.

During the boom, it was estimated that, on average, there was one mill every two miles along the industrial corridor created by the Macon and Brunswick Railroad.[10] Unlike earlier eras, when timber was transported downstream in large river rafts, sawmills along the industrial corridor shipped their timber by rail. In his book The New South Comes to Wiregrass Georgia 1860-1910, author Mark V. Wetherington states: "Ira R. Foster shipped lumber to Brunswick, where it was loaded onto timber schooners and transported to international markets like Liverpool, Rio de Janeiro, and Havana."[10] When Eastman was incorporated in 1872, Foster served as its first mayor.[11]

In the early years of the 20th century, racial tensions increased between the white and black communities in and about Eastman, resulting in a number of documented lynchings. In one instance, a man misidentified as the rapist Ed Claus was murdered before the real Claus was identified, apprehended, and lynched.[12] In 1919, rumors that local blacks were intending to rise up and exterminate white residents, led to the murder of Eli Cooper and the burning of several black churches, which were believed to be the focal point of the uprising.[13]

Geography[edit]

Eastman is located in the center of Dodge County at 32°11′52″N 83°10′45″W / 32.19778°N 83.17917°W / 32.19778; -83.17917 (32.197760, -83.179271).[14] U.S. Route 23 passes through the center of town, leading northwest 17 miles (27 km) to Cochran and southeast 20 miles (32 km) to McRae-Helena. U.S. Route 341 bypasses the city on the southwest, leading west 20 miles (32 km) to Hawkinsville and southeast with US 23 to McRae-Helena.

According to the United States Census Bureau, Eastman has a total area of 5.5 square miles (14.2 km2), of which 5.4 square miles (14.0 km2) is land and 0.04 square miles (0.1 km2), or 0.93%, is water.[5]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18901,082
19001,23514.1%
19102,35590.7%
19202,70714.9%
19303,02211.6%
19403,3119.6%
19503,5978.6%
19605,11842.3%
19705,4165.8%
19805,330−1.6%
19905,153−3.3%
20005,4405.6%
20104,962−8.8%
Est. 20165,157[2]3.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[15]

As of the census[3] of 2000, there were 13,541[16] people, 5,261 households, and 1,318[citation needed] families residing in the city. The population density was 1,067.3 people per square mile (411.8/km²). There were 2,418 housing units at an average density of 474.4 per square mile (183.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 60.28% White, 37.35% African American, 0.24% Native American, 0.48% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 1.16% from other races, and 0.44% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.80% of the population.[citation needed]

There were 2,154 households out of which 27.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 37.9% were married couples living together, 19.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.8% were non-families. 35.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 2.96.[citation needed]

In the city, the population was spread out with 29.5% under the age of 18, 8.5% from 18 to 24, 24.6% from 25 to 44, 21.1% from 45 to 64, and 16.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 77.4 males.[citation needed]

The median income for a household in the city was $23,604, and the median income for a family was $30,500. Males had a median income of $27,292 versus $20,497 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,332. About 20.2% of families and 23.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 33.1% of those under age 18 and 25.0% of those age 65 or over.[citation needed]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Eastman, Georgia
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 83
(28)
84
(29)
92
(33)
95
(35)
102
(39)
110
(43)
109
(43)
105
(41)
102
(39)
102
(39)
89
(32)
85
(29)
110
(43)
Average high °F (°C) 57.0
(13.9)
61.2
(16.2)
69.9
(21.1)
77.7
(25.4)
84.4
(29.1)
84.4
(29.1)
91.5
(33.1)
91.3
(32.9)
87.1
(30.6)
78.8
(26.0)
69.7
(20.9)
60.9
(16.1)
76.6
(24.8)
Average low °F (°C) 35.0
(1.7)
37.6
(3.1)
45.1
(7.3)
51.9
(11.1)
59.7
(15.4)
59.7
(15.4)
69.8
(21.0)
69.1
(20.6)
64.2
(17.9)
53.0
(11.7)
44.8
(7.1)
37.8
(3.2)
52.9
(11.6)
Record low °F (°C) −2
(−19)
10
(−12)
15
(−9)
29
(−2)
39
(4)
45
(7)
56
(13)
52
(11)
36
(2)
28
(−2)
12
(−11)
4
(−16)
−2
(−19)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 5.05
(128)
4.38
(111)
4.84
(123)
3.58
(91)
2.93
(74)
4.53
(115)
5.12
(130)
3.90
(99)
3.33
(85)
2.73
(69)
3.18
(81)
3.67
(93)
46.40
(1,179)
Source #1: The Weather Channel [17]
Source #2: Weatherbase [18]

Major highways[edit]

Recreation[edit]

Eastman has few recreational activities. The Dodge County Golf Club has a 9-hole golf course, a swimming pool and private golf cart selection. It is positioned next to the railroad tracks that run through the town. It also has a public baseball field located at the former Boys & Girls Club. The Eastman-Dodge County Recreational Fields, located along the Eastman-Dublin Highway (Highway 117), offers the following public sports for kids: football, baseball, tee ball, cheerleading, and soccer.

Education[edit]

Dodge County School District[edit]

Dodge County students in kindergarten to twelfth grades are in the Dodge County School District, which consists of a pre-K school, two elementary schools, a middle school, and a high school.[19][20] The district has 210 full-time teachers and over 3,500 students.[19]

Higher education[edit]

Peabody School[edit]

Peabody School, also known as Peabody High School, is an historic school building located on Herman Avenue in Eastman, Georgia.[23] Built in 1938, it was designed by Eastman-born American architect Edward Columbus Hosford, who is noted for the courthouses and other buildings that he designed in Florida, Georgia and Texas. In the days of segregation, it was an all-black public school. It was closed in 1970 and its students were integrated into Dodge County High School and other formerly all-white public schools in Dodge County.

On November 20, 2004, the building was added to the National Register of Historic Places. It was then vacant and in private ownership.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Eastman". Retrieved 13 July 2015.
  2. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  3. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  5. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Eastman city, Georgia". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved October 21, 2015.
  6. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2012-07-12. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  7. ^ Krakow, Kenneth K. (1975). Georgia Place-Names: Their History and Origins (PDF). Macon, GA: Winship Press. p. 68. ISBN 0-915430-00-2.
  8. ^ Hellmann, Paul T. (May 13, 2013). Historical Gazetteer of the United States. Routledge. p. 228. Retrieved 30 November 2013.
  9. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 112.
  10. ^ a b Mark V. Wetherington (1 September 2001). The New South Comes to Wiregrass Georgia, 1860-1910 - Timber Is King. Univ. of Tennessee Press. pp. 113–114. ISBN 978-1-57233-168-6.
  11. ^ a b Philip Cobb, Mrs. Wilton (1932). "History of Dodge County". Retrieved 27 October 2013.
  12. ^ Ralph Ginzburg (1965). 100 Years of Lynchings. Black Press Classic. pp. 60–61. ISBN 978-0-933121-18-8.
  13. ^ Ralph Ginzburg (1965). 100 Years of Lynchings. Black Classic Press. p. 123. ISBN 978-0-933121-18-8.
  14. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  15. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  16. ^ "Census 2000". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 10 April 2011.
  17. ^ "The Weather Channel: Monthly Avearges". The Weather Channel. Archived from the original on 2012-10-22. Retrieved 2010-06-06.
  18. ^ "Historical Weather for Eastman, Georgia, United States". Weatherbase. Retrieved 2010-06-06.
  19. ^ a b "school-stats.com". Retrieved 2010-05-21.
  20. ^ Georgia Board of Education[permanent dead link], Retrieved June 6, 2010.
  21. ^ Dodge County High School Archived 2010-05-10 at the Wayback Machine, Retrieved July 27, 2010.
  22. ^ Middle Georgia College- Aviation Campus Archived 2010-07-26 at the Wayback Machine, Retrieved July 27, 2010.
  23. ^ Peabody High School Archived 2011-02-07 at the Wayback Machine, Retrieved July 27, 2010.

External links[edit]