Eastman School of Music
Eastman at night
The Eastman School of Music is the professional school of music of the University of Rochester in Rochester, New York. It was established in 1921 by industrialist and philanthropist George Eastman.
It offers Bachelor of Music (B.M.) degrees, Master of Arts (M.A.) degrees, Master of Music (M.M.) degrees, Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) degrees, and Doctor of Musical Arts (D.M.A.) degrees in many musical fields. The school also awards a "Performer's Certificate" or "Artist's Diploma". In 2015, there were more than 900 students enrolled in the collegiate division of the Eastman School (approximately 500 undergraduate and 400 graduate students). Students came from almost every state of the United States, with approximately 25% foreign students. Each year approximately 2000 students apply (1000 undergraduates and 1000 graduates). The acceptance rate was 13% in 2011 and about 1,000 students (ranging in age from 16 years to over 80 years of age) are enrolled in the Eastman School’s Community Music School.
Alfred Klingenberg, a Norwegian pianist, was the school's first director, serving from 1921 to 1923. He was succeeded by composer Howard Hanson in 1924, who had an enormous impact on the development of the school, including influencing the creation the first Doctor of Musical Arts degree in the United States, and holding his post for four decades and continuing his involvement at Eastman after his retirement. Since the founding of the Eastman School of Music in 1921, the school has been directed by six men. After a one-year interim under Acting Director Raymond Wilson, the young American composer and conductor Howard Hanson was appointed director of the school in 1924. Dr. Hanson is credited for transforming the Eastman School into a top school. Upon his retirement in 1964, after serving as director of the school for 40 years, Hanson was succeeded by conductor Walter Hendl.
Hendl served as director from 1964 to 1972, and was then succeeded by pianist and musicologist Robert Freeman who served from 1972 to 1996. Associate Director Daniel Patrylak served as the acting director from the time of Mr. Hendl’s resignation (May 1972) until Robert Freeman assumed the position in July 1973. Following the resignation of Robert Freeman in 1996, James Undercofler was then appointed Director and Dean of the Eastman School, and held that position until he resigned in 2006 to accept the position of C.E.O. and President of the Philadelphia Orchestra. Jamal Rossi, an Eastman alumnus, was appointed Interim Dean of the Eastman School in April 2006. On May 21, 2007, composer/conductor Douglas Lowry, formerly the dean of the University of Cincinnati College-Conservatory of Music, was appointed Dean of the Eastman School, to begin serving in 2007. Following Lowry's death in 2013, Rossi was appointed Dean.
Campus and facilities
The Eastman School occupies parts of five buildings in downtown Rochester, New York. The main hall includes the renovated 3,094-seat Eastman Theater, the 455-seat Kilbourn Hall, the 222-seat Hatch Recital Hall, and offices for faculty.
The Eastman Theatre opened in 1922 as a center for music, dance, and silent film with orchestral and organ accompaniment. Today, the 3,094-seat theatre is the primary concert hall for the Eastman School's larger ensembles, including its orchestras, wind ensembles, jazz ensembles, and chorale. Also, the Eastman Opera Theatre presents fully staged operatic productions in the theatre each spring. It also is the principal performance venue for the Rochester Philharmonic Orchestra. A $5 million renovation of the theatre was completed in 2004. The theatre is located at 60 Gibbs Street, on the corner of Main and Gibbs Streets. Due to a $10 million donation by Eastman Kodak Inc. in April 2008, the Eastman Theatre was officially renamed "Kodak Hall at Eastman Theatre" upon the renovation's completion in 2010.
The Sibley Music Library—the largest academic music library in North America—is located across the street from the main hall. Hiram Watson Sibley founded the library in 1904 using the fortune he made as first president of Western Union. It moved to its current location in 1989, and occupies 45,000 square feet (4,200 m2) on the 2nd, 3rd and 4th floors of the Miller Center, formerly known as Eastman Place. The Sibley Music Library currently holds almost 750,000 items, ranging from 11th century codices to the latest compositions and recordings. Considered among its jewels are the original drafts of Debussy's impressionistic masterpiece, "La Mer."
The Student Living Center, which is located at 100 Gibbs Street, is the dormitory building of the Eastman School of Music. In 1991, the new building was opened at the corner of Main and Gibbs Streets, replacing the University Avenue dormitories built nearly 70 years earlier. It is a four-story quadrangle and 14-story tower surrounding a landscaped inner courtyard, and contains its own dining hall. The majority of students enrolled in the undergraduate program live on campus in this building.
The school offers Bachelor of Music (B.M.) degrees, Master of Arts (M.A.) degrees, Master of Music (M.M.) degrees, Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) degrees, and Doctor of Musical Arts (D.M.A.) degrees in many musical fields. The school also awards a "Performer's Certificate" or "Artist's Diploma" to students who demonstrate exceptionally outstanding performance ability. The Institute for Music Leadership, which was formed in 2001, offers a variety of diploma programs designed to educate and give students the skills and experience necessary to meet the demands of performance and education in today’s changing musical world. In 2018, The Institute for Music Leadership created a Master of Arts degree in Music Leadership, which is designed for musicians who seek to lead traditional and/or non-traditional musical arts organizations. This new degree program combines intense classroom study, courses from Eastman’s rich performance and scholarly offerings, and hands-on experiences through internships and mentorships.
Faculty and alumni
Eastman alumni include singer Renée Fleming, Canadian Brass co-founder Charles Daellenbach, cellist Robert deMaine, drummer Steve Gadd, flugelhornist Chuck Mangione, author and journalist Michael Walsh, trumpeter Allen Vizzutti, scholar Horace Clarence Boyer and composers Maria Schneider and Cardon V. Burnham. Current faculty include musicians and pedagogues like the Ying Quartet, Katherine Ciesinski and Paul O'Dette.
Directors and deans
- Alfred Klingenberg (Director, 1921–1923)
- Raymond Wilson (Acting Director, 1923–1924)
- Howard Hanson (Director, 1924–1964)
- Walter Hendl (Director, 1964–1972)
- Daniel Patrylak (Acting Director, 1972–1973)
- Robert Freeman (Director, 1973–1996)
- James Undercofler (Acting Director, 1996–1997; Director, 1997–2006)
- Jamal Rossi (Acting Director, 2006–2007; Acting Dean, 2013)
- Douglas Lowry (Dean, 2007–2013)
- Jamal Rossi (Dean, 2014–present)
- Samuel Adler, composition
- Bonita Boyd, flute
- Katherine Ciesinski, voice
- David Craighead, organ
- Robert De Cormier, choral conductor
- Jan De Gaetani, voice
- Leonardo De Lorenzo, flute
- David Effron, orchestral conductor
- Frank Glazer, piano
- Harold Gleason, organ
- Nicholas Goluses, guitar
- Anthony Dean Griffey, voice
- Arthur Hartmann, violin
- Stanley Hasty, clarinet
- David Higgs, organ
- Mark Kellogg, euphonium & trombone
- Henry Klumpenhouwer, music theory
- Alexander Kobrin, piano
- Oleh Krysa, violin
- W. Peter Kurau, horn
- Jon Manasse, clarinet
- Chuck Mangione, jazz ensemble
- John Marcellus, trombone
- Emory Remington, trombone
- Mendi Rodan, orchestral conductor
- Carlos Sanchez-Gutierrez, composition
- Joseph Schwantner, composition
- Marion Weed, voice
- Rayburn Wright, jazz and contemporary media
- Zvi Zeitlin, violin
- Sasami Ashworth, singer
- Roger Bobo, tubist
- Bonita Boyd, flutist
- Horace Clarence Boyer, scholar
- Angelo Badalamenti, film and television composer
- Jeff Briggs, video game developer
- Cardon V. Burnham, composer
- Ron Carter, bassist
- Alexander Courage, film composer
- Michael Patrick Coyle, composer, producer
- Charles Daellenbach, co-founder of Canadian Brass
- David Daniels, conductor and author
- Robert deMaine, cellist
- Doriot Anthony Dwyer, flutist
- Frederick Fennell, band conductor
- David Finck, jazz bassist
- Pamela Fleming, trumpeter, composer
- Renée Fleming, singer
- Steve Gadd, drummer
- Ayşedeniz Gökçin, pianist
- Michael Isaacson, Jewish music composer
- Tony Levin, bassist
- Scott Lindroth, composer
- Bob Ludwig, mastering engineer
- Chuck Mangione, flugelhornist
- Mitch Miller, oboist, conductor, record company executive
- Kim Scharnberg, composer, arranger, conductor, record producer
- Maria Schneider, composer
- Jeff Tyzik, jazz trumpeter
- Allen Vizzutti, trumpeter
- George Vosburgh, trumpeter
- Michael Walsh, author and journalist
- Leehom Wang, singer
- William Warfield, singer
- Alec Wilder, composer
Institute for Music Leadership
The Institute for Music Leadership (IML) was created to engage musicians in new ways and challenge them to think more broadly about music, its role, and their role in society. It serves as a center for the creation and implementation of new ideas related to music leadership, for Eastman students, alumni, and practicing musicians at all stages of their careers. The goals of the IML reflect the expansion of Eastman's role as an innovator and a standard bearer in professional development. The IML consists of five areas: M.A. in Music Leadership, Careers and Professional Development, Catherine Filene Shouse Arts Leadership Program (ALP), Center for Music Innovation and Engagement (CMIE), The Orchestra Musician Forum (OMF) and its website Polyphonic.org.
The IML offers online courses and speed lessons:
- Interactive music theory classroom: This course teaches the basics of pitch, scales, rhythm and harmony and analysis of large symphonic works. Taught by Dr. Steven Laitz, this course provides live feedback, help sessions and tutorials. This course is completely online and students work on assignments over the course of a week.
- Graduate music theory review: This course reviews undergraduate theory in preparation for graduate exams and classes and takes three and six weeks. It includes conceptual presentations and demonstrations, written and analytical exercises drawn from the literature, and skill development through singing, listening, and playing.
- Music theory fundamentals in four weeks: This online course prepares first-year music majors for music theory placement exams. In addition to the presentation of basic music theory concepts and terminology, it includes over 200 sets of writing, playing, listening, singing, and conducting exercises. These lessons provide a transition between high school and college-level academics. The course can be completed in four to six weeks.
- Speed lessons: These video lessons cover the standard orchestral repertoire for different instruments. They are taught by Eastman faculty members with demonstrations from their students. They include tips on what audition committees listen for, and on what technical challenges to watch out for.
- Pratt, Waldo Selden (1920-01-01). Grove's Dictionary of Music and Musicians: Being the Sixth Volume of the Complete Work. American supplement. Macmillan Company.
- Cattell, James McKeen (1919-01-01). School and Society. Society for the Advancement of Education.
- "Almanac: The birth of Kodak". Sunday Morning. CBS Interactive. Retrieved 30 June 2014.
- Latimer, Marvin E. (2010). "The Nation's First D.M.A. in Choral Music: History, Structure, and Pedagogical Implications". Journal of Historical Research in Music Education. 32 (1): 19–36. doi:10.1177/153660061003200103. ISSN 1536-6006. JSTOR 20789877.
- "Conductor, Composer Douglas Lowry Named Dean of Eastman School of Music". Eastman School of Music.
- "Concert to spotlight centuries of music". NewsOK.com. 2009-09-20.
- "eTheory LIVE: Interactive Music Theory Classroom".
- "eTheory: Graduate Music Theory Review".
- "eTheory: Music Theory Fundamentals in 4 weeks".
- "Products - IML – Store".
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