Eaton, New York
|Eaton, New York|
|• Type||Town Council|
|• Town Supervisor||Cliff Moses (R)|
|• Town Council|
|• Total||45.6 sq mi (118.1 km2)|
|• Land||44.7 sq mi (115.9 km2)|
|• Water||0.8 sq mi (2.2 km2)|
|Elevation||1,398 ft (426 m)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||0978923|
The Town of Eaton is in the south-central part of the county. US Route 20 passes across the northern part of the town.
The town was the principal location of the Oneida tribe, a sub-group of the Iroquois that allied itself with the colonial forces during the American Revolution. Euro-American settlement began around 1792. The Town of Eaton was formed in 1807 from the Town of Hamilton. Eaton is named for William Eaton, a Revolutionary officer and commander of the United States military forces in Tripoli.
Eaton is centered at 42.850 degrees north latitude, 75.612 degrees west longitude. The town contains the geographic center of the state (near Pratts Hollow). The Chenango River flows through the town.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 45.6 square miles (118 km2), of which, 44.8 square miles (116 km2) of it is land and 0.8 square miles (2.1 km2) of it (1.82%) is water.
As of the census of 2000, there were 4,826 people, 1,358 households, and 935 families residing in the town. The population density was 107.9 people per square mile (41.6/km²). There were 1,798 housing units at an average density of 40.2 per square mile (15.5/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 90.41% White, 6.55% African American, 0.46% Native American, 1.06% Asian, 0.46% from other races, and 1.08% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.99% of the population.
There were 1,358 households out of which 33.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.3% were married couples living together, 10.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.1% were non-families. 23.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.06.
In the town, the population was spread out with 20.0% under the age of 18, 30.7% from 18 to 24, 20.8% from 25 to 44, 17.0% from 45 to 64, and 11.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 24 years. For every 100 females there were 103.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.0 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $36,229, and the median income for a family was $39,643. Males had a median income of $30,417 versus $23,107 for females. The per capita income for the town was $14,538. About 6.0% of families and 9.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.6% of those under age 18 and 2.1% of those age 65 or over.
Communities and other locations in Eaton
- Davis Corners – A location by the north town line.
- Eagleville – A hamlet south of Morrisville.
- Eaton – The hamlet of Eaton in the south part of the town on Route 26, south of Morrisville.
- Eaton Reservoir – A reservoir partly in the southwest part of the town.
- Eaton Station – A location northeast of Eaton village.
- Gills Corners – A location in the northeast corner of the town.
- Morrisville – Village of Morrisville is the location of the Morrisville State College, the Morrisville Equine Center, and the Morrisville Fish Hatchery. Morrisville is in the northwest part of the town.
- Morrisville Station – A hamlet east of Morrisville on Route 20.
- Pecksport – A location by the east town line.
- Pierceville – A hamlet between Eaton village and West Eaton on Route 26.
- Pine Woods – A hamlet, associated with the Oneida, located on Route 20.
- Pratts – A hamlet in the northeast part of the town.
- Pratts Hollow – The Geographic Center of New York is in the northeast part of the town.
- West Eaton – A hamlet in the southwest part of the town.
- White Corners – A hamlet in the northeast part of the town.
- Williams Corners – A hamlet west of Morrisville.
- Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 113.
- Harrison, Timothy (2012). "Curb Side Beacons: America's Lighthouse Gas Stations." Lighthouse Digest. http://www.lighthousedigest.com/digest/StoryPage.cfm?StoryKey=3670 (accessed 9 July 2015).
- U.S. Geological Survey. "Science In Your Backyard: New York".
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.