Eatontown, New Jersey
|Eatontown, New Jersey|
|Borough of Eatontown|
Map of Eatontown in Monmouth County. Inset: Location of Monmouth County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Eatontown, New Jersey
|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|Incorporated||April 4, 1873 as township|
|Incorporated||March 8, 1926 as borough|
|Named for||Thomas Eaton|
|• Body||Borough Council|
|• Mayor||Dennis J. Connelly (R, term ends December 31, 2018)|
|• Administrator||George S. Jackson|
|• Municipal clerk||Julie Martin|
|• Total||5.876 sq mi (15.219 km2)|
|• Land||5.826 sq mi (15.089 km2)|
|• Water||0.050 sq mi (0.130 km2) 0.85%|
260th of 566 in state|
18th of 53 in county
|Elevation||52 ft (16 m)|
|Population (2010 Census)|
|• Estimate (2016)||12,287|
192nd of 566 in state|
15th of 53 in county
|• Density||2,181.5/sq mi (842.3/km2)|
|• Density rank||
278th of 566 in state|
33rd of 53 in county
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)|
|ZIP codes||07724, 07799|
|GNIS feature ID||0885202|
Eatontown is a borough in Monmouth County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 Census, the borough's population was 12,709, reflecting a decline of 1,299 (-9.3%) from the 14,008 counted in the 2000 Census.
What is now Eatontown was originally incorporated as Eatontown Township by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on April 4, 1873, from portions of Ocean Township and Shrewsbury Township. Portions of the township were taken to form West Long Branch (April 7, 1908) and Oceanport (April 6, 1920). Eatontown was reincorporated as a borough on March 8, 1926, replacing Eatontown Township, based on the results of a referendum held on April 13, 1926. The borough was named for Thomas Eaton, an early settler who built a mill c. 1670.
The United States Army's Fort Monmouth operated in Eatontown from 1917 until its closure in September 2011, based on recommendations from the Base Realignment and Closure Commission. It was home to the United States Army Materiel Command's (AMC) Communication and Electronics Command (CECOM). Fort Monmouth was also home to the United States Military Academy Preparatory School (or USMAPS), which trains approximately 250 students per year to enter as freshmen (plebes) at the United States Military Academy at West Point.
In the center of Eatontown is the Monmouth Mall, located at the intersection of Route 35 and Route 36, featuring a variety of stores, restaurants, and a 15-screen cineplex, with a gross leasable area of 1,500,000 square feet (140,000 m2). Celebrity chef Bobby Flay owns a restaurant in Eatontown.
In 1886, a mob broke into the jail and removed a black man, Samuel “Mingo Jack” Johnson, who was being held for the alleged rape of a white woman. The mob brutally beat and then hanged Johnson, the father of five. Later events show that it was extremely unlikely that Johnson was guilty of the crime. In 2012, mayor Gerald Tarantolo issued a public apology for the failure of security at the jail.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough had a total area of 5.876 square miles (15.219 km2), including 5.826 square miles (15.089 km2) of land and 0.050 square miles (0.130 km2) of water (0.85%).
The borough borders the Monmouth County municipalities of Shrewsbury borough on the north, Oceanport to the northeast, West Long Branch to the east, Ocean Township to the south and Tinton Falls to the west.
1930-1990 2000 2010
As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 12,709 people, 5,319 households, and 3,138 families residing in the borough. The population density was 2,181.5 per square mile (842.3/km2). There were 5,723 housing units at an average density of 982.3 per square mile (379.3/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 71.29% (9,060) White, 12.41% (1,577) Black or African American, 0.28% (36) Native American, 8.67% (1,102) Asian, 0.09% (11) Pacific Islander, 3.64% (463) from other races, and 3.62% (460) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 12.36% (1,571) of the population.
There were 5,319 households out of which 26.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.2% were married couples living together, 13.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 41.0% were non-families. 34.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 3.02.
In the borough, the population was spread out with 20.7% under the age of 18, 9.3% from 18 to 24, 27.5% from 25 to 44, 28.5% from 45 to 64, and 14.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39.6 years. For every 100 females there were 97.2 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and older there were 93.4 males.
The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $60,188 (with a margin of error of +/- $8,468) and the median family income was $77,846 (+/- $8,290). Males had a median income of $56,086 (+/- $7,155) versus $43,750 (+/- $5,817) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $35,200 (+/- $2,933). About 6.4% of families and 9.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.7% of those under age 18 and 5.4% of those age 65 or over.
As of the 2000 United States Census there were 14,008 people, 5,780 households, and 3,444 families residing in the borough. The population density was 2,366.8 people per square mile (913.6/km2). There were 6,341 housing units at an average density of 1,071.4 per square mile (413.6/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 73.29% White, 11.61% African American, 0.34% Native American, 9.32% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 2.31% from other races, and 3.10% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.62% of the population.
There were 5,780 households out of which 28.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.8% were married couples living together, 9.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40.4% were non-families. 33.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 3.08.
In the borough the population was spread out with 22.9% under the age of 18, 7.0% from 18 to 24, 35.0% from 25 to 44, 21.7% from 45 to 64, and 13.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.2 males.
The median income for a household in the borough was $53,833, and the median income for a family was $69,397. Males had a median income of $49,508 versus $35,109 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $26,965. About 3.5% of families and 5.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.3% of those under age 18 and 9.2% of those age 65 or over.
Eatontown is governed under the Borough form of New Jersey municipal government. The governing body consists of a Mayor and a Borough Council comprising six council members, with all positions elected at-large on a partisan basis as part of the November general election. A Mayor is elected directly by the voters to a four-year term of office. The Borough Council consists of six members elected to serve three-year terms on a staggered basis, with two seats coming up for election each year in a three-year cycle. The Borough form of government used by Eatontown, the most common system used in the state, is a "weak mayor / strong council" government in which council members act as the legislative body with the mayor presiding at meetings and voting only in the event of a tie. The mayor can veto ordinances subject to an override by a two-thirds majority vote of the council. The mayor makes committee and liaison assignments for council members, and most appointments are made by the mayor with the advice and consent of the council.
As of 2018[update], the Mayor of Eatontown is Republican Dennis J. Connelly, whose term of office ends on December 31, 2018. Members of the Borough Council are Al Baginsky (D, 2019), Virginia East (I, 2018), Bridget H. Harris (D, 2020), Patti May (D, 2019), Jennifer Sherrod (D, 2020) and Anthony Talerico Jr. (I, 2018).
Federal and state representation
Eatontown is located in New Jersey's 4th congressional district and is part of New Jersey's 11th state legislative district. Prior to the 2010 Census, Eatontown had been part of the 12th Congressional District, a change made by the New Jersey Redistricting Commission that took effect in January 2013, based on the results of the November 2012 general elections.
As of March 23, 2011, there was a total of 7,669 registered voters in Eatontown, of whom 2,037 (26.6%) were registered as Democrats, 1,490 (19.4%) were registered as Republicans and 4,140 (54.0%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 2 voters registered to other parties.
In the 2012 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 54.4% of the vote (2,887 cast), ahead of Republican Mitt Romney with 44.2% (2,344 votes), and other candidates with 1.4% (74 votes), among the 5,349 ballots cast by the borough's 8,184 registered voters (44 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 65.4%. In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 66.8% of the vote (2,038 cast), ahead of Democrat Barbara Buono with 31.7% (966 votes), and other candidates with 1.5% (46 votes), among the 3,089 ballots cast by the borough's 8,281 registered voters (39 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 37.3%.
Students in public school for pre-kindergarten through eighth grade attend the Eatontown Public Schools. As of the 2013-14 school year, the district's four schools had an enrollment of 1,062 students and 102.0 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 10.4:1. Schools in the district (with 2013-14 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics) are Meadowbrook Elementary School (grades K-6; 286 students - changed to K-2), Margaret L. Vetter Elementary School (PreK-6; 280 - changed to 5-6) and Woodmere Elementary School (K-6; 255 - changed to PreK and 3-4) and Memorial Middle School (7&8; 241).
Public school students in ninth through twelfth grades attend Monmouth Regional High School, located in Tinton Falls. The high school is part of the Monmouth Regional High School District, which also serves students from Shrewsbury Township and Tinton Falls, along with students from Naval Weapons Station Earle. As of the 2014-15 school year, the high school had an enrollment of 985 students and 76.6 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 12.9:1.
Roads and highways
As of May 2010[update], the borough had a total of 50.45 miles (81.19 km) of roadways, of which 36.84 miles (59.29 km) were maintained by the municipality, 5.82 miles (9.37 km) by Monmouth County and 7.79 miles (12.54 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.
People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Eatontown include:
- Preet Bharara (born 1968), former United States Attorney for the Southern District of New York.
- Charles W. Billings (1866-1928), politician and competitive shooter who was a member of the 1912 Summer Olympics American trapshooting team that won the gold medal in team clay pigeons.
- Joe Bravo (born 1971), thoroughbred horse racing jockey.
- Herman Edwards (born 1954), football analyst and former NFL head coach.
- June Elvidge (1893-1965), film actress.
- Houston Fields (1861-1899), sheriff of Monmouth County.
- Samuel "Mingo Jack" Johnson (1820-1886), former slave, jockey and lynching victim.
- Liati Mayk-Hai (born 1981) singer-songwriter, visual artist, poet and athlete.
- Melissa Reeves (born 1967), actress who has played the role of Jennifer Horton on Days of Our Lives since 1985.
- Kevin Ritz (born 1965), former MLB pitcher who played for the Detroit Tigers and Colorado Rockies.
- Cindy Lee Van Dover (born 1954), oceanographer, who also studies biodiversity, biogeochemistry, conservation biology, ecology and marine science.
- Peter Vredenburgh Jr. (1837-1864), lawyer and Union Army major.
- 2010 Census Gazetteer Files: New Jersey County Subdivisions, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 21, 2015.
- US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
- Dennis J. Connelly Mayoral Biography, Borough of Eatontown. Accessed July 14, 2016.
- 2017 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed May 30, 2017.
- Borough Administrator, Borough of Eatontown. Accessed July 14, 2016.
- Borough Clerk, Borough of Eatontown. Accessed July 14, 2016.
- 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 58.
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Borough of Eatontown, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 5, 2013.
- DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Eatontown borough, Monmouth County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 29, 2012.
- Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 6. Accessed January 6, 2013.
- Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Eatontown borough, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed July 29, 2012.
- PEPANNRES - Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2016 - 2016 Population Estimates for New Jersey municipalities, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 16, 2017.
- GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed December 3, 2012.
- Look Up a ZIP Code for Eatontown, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed July 29, 2012.
- Zip Codes, State of New Jersey. Accessed August 28, 2013.
- Area Code Lookup - NPA NXX for Eatontown, NJ, Area-Codes.com. Accessed October 9, 2013.
- American FactFinder, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
- A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed July 29, 2012.
- US Board on Geographic Names, United States Geological Survey. Accessed September 4, 2014.
- Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed July 29, 2012.
- Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 179. Accessed July 29, 2012.
- Hutchinson, Viola L. The Origin of New Jersey Place Names, New Jersey Public Library Commission, May 1945. Accessed August 30, 2015.
- Gannett, Henry. The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States, p. 113. United States Government Printing Office, 1905. Accessed August 30, 2015.
- About Eatontown, Eatontown Public Schools. Accessed August 30, 2015. "The Borough was incorporated on March 8, 1926 and is named for Thomas Eaton, who built a Grain Mill here c. 1670. The Mill's site is now a landmark."
- Staff. "Fort Monmouth Closing After 94 Years; Relocating To Maryland', WCBS (AM), September 15, 2011. Accessed July 29, 2012. "Jersey's Fort Monmouth will close for good today and its mission that began 94 years ago will be transferred to Maryland."
- Welcome to West Point Prep, United States Military Academy Preparatory School. Accessed August 4, 2008.
- Monmouth Mall , Malls and Outlets. Accessed October 9, 2013.
- Spahr, Rob. "Lynching of former slave memorialized as 'low point' in Eatontown history", NJ Advance Media for NJ.com, September 24, 2012. Accessed February 1, 2018. "In 1886, an angry mob broke into the borough’s lockup and lynched a black man accused of raping a white woman.This was New Jersey’s only documented lynching in the 19th century and a subsequent trial discovered that the man, Samuel 'Mingo Jack' Johnson, could have been innocent. Current Eatontown Mayor Gerald Tarantolo called the incident 'a low point in the history of Eatontown.'"
- English, Bob. " Memorial Unveiled Near The Eatontown Location Of The Lynching Of Samuel 'Mingo Jack' Johnson In 1888. Samuel 'Mingo Jack' Johnson lynched without a fair trail at the former site of Eatontown Lockup, midnight on March 5, 1886. New Jersey's only documented 19th century lynching.", Long Branch Patch, September 26, 2012. Accessed February 1, 2018. "On a grassy area overlooking Wampum Lake in Eatontown, people gathered this past Sunday afternoon to dedicate a memorial marker and plaque that reads: 'Samuel "Mingo Jack" Johnson lynched without a fair trial at the former site of Eatontown Lockup, midnight on March 5, 1886. New Jersey's only documented 19th century lynching.'"
- Locality Search, State of New Jersey. Accessed May 21, 2015.
- Areas touching Eatontown, MapIt. Accessed January 12, 2015.
- Census Estimates for New Jersey April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2016, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 16, 2017.
- Compendium of censuses 1726-1905: together with the tabulated returns of 1905, New Jersey Department of State, 1906. Accessed October 9, 2013.
- Porter, Robert Percival. Preliminary Results as Contained in the Eleventh Census Bulletins: Volume III - 51 to 75, p. 99. United States Census Bureau, 1890. Accessed July 29, 2012. Data is for Eatontown Township.
- Thirteenth Census of the United States, 1910: Population by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions, 1910, 1900, 1890, United States Census Bureau, p. 337. Accessed July 29, 2012. Data is for Eatontown Township.
- Fifteenth Census of the United States : 1930 - Population Volume I, United States Census Bureau, p. 717. Accessed July 29, 2012. Population for Eatontown Township for 1910 and 1920 is listed in Footnote 13.
- New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990, Workforce New Jersey Public Information Network. Accessed June 28, 2015.
- Census 2000 Profiles of Demographic / Social / Economic / Housing Characteristics for Eatontown borough, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 29, 2012.
- DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 - Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Eatontown borough, Monmouth County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 29, 2012.
- DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for Eatontown borough, Monmouth County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 29, 2012.
- Cerra, Michael F. "Forms of Government: Everything You've Always Wanted to Know, But Were Afraid to Ask", New Jersey State League of Municipalities. Accessed November 30, 2014.
- "Forms of Municipal Government in New Jersey", p. 6. Rutgers University Center for Government Studies. Accessed June 3, 2015.
- Mayor and Council, Borough of Eatontown. Accessed February 1, 2018.
- 2017 Municipal User Friendly Budget, Borough of Eatontown. Accessed February 1, 2018.
- Monmouth County Directory 2016, Monmouth County, New Jersey. Accessed July 14, 2016.
- General Election November 7, 2017 Official Results, Monmouth County, New Jersey Clerk, updated November 17, 2017. Accessed January 1, 2018.
- General Election November 8, 2016 Official Results, Monmouth County, New Jersey Clerk, updated December 8, 2016. Accessed January 30, 2017.
- November 3, 2015 General Election Official Results, Monmouth County, New Jersey, updated January 27, 2016. Accessed July 14, 2016.
- November 4, 2014 General Election Official Results, Monmouth County, New Jersey, updated November 24, 2014. Accessed July 14, 2016.
- Plan Components Report, New Jersey Redistricting Commission, December 23, 2011. Accessed January 6, 2013.
- 2017 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, p. 56, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed May 30, 2017.
- Districts by Number for 2011-2020, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 6, 2013.
- 2011 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, p. 57, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed May 22, 2015.
- Voter Registration Summary - Monmouth, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, March 23, 2011. Accessed December 3, 2012.
- "Presidential General Election Results - November 6, 2012 - Monmouth County" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Elections. March 15, 2013. Retrieved December 24, 2014.
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- "Governor - Monmouth County" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Elections. January 29, 2014. Retrieved December 24, 2014.
- "Number of Registered Voters and Ballots Cast - November 5, 2013 - General Election Results - Monmouth County" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Elections. January 29, 2014. Retrieved December 24, 2014.
- District information for Eatontown School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed November 19, 2016.
- Data for Eatontown Public Schools, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed November 19, 2016.
- Meadowbrook Elementary School, Eatontown Public Schools. Accessed October 9, 2013.
- Margaret L. Vetter Elementary School, Eatontown Public Schools. Accessed October 9, 2013.
- Woodmere Elementary School, Eatontown Public Schools. Accessed October 9, 2013.
- Memorial Middle School, Eatontown Public Schools. Accessed October 9, 2013.
- New Jersey School Directory for the Eatontown Public Schools, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed December 29, 2016.
- Monmouth Regional High School 2014 Report Card Narrative, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed July 14, 2016. "Monmouth Regional is a comprehensive high school serving a culturally diverse student population of approximately 1050 students. Pupils attending reside in the Monmouth County communities of Eatontown, Shrewsbury Township, and Tinton Falls. In addition, some students come from the military facility of Earle Naval Weapons Station."
- School data for Monmouth Regional High School, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed December 12, 2016.
- About, Hawkswood School. Accessed February 16, 2015. "For thirty-five years, Hawkswood School in Eatontown, New Jersey—formerly School for Children—has been a respected provider of high quality special education services to children with complex, multiple disabilities, including autism. Since 1976, when we opened our doors, school districts and parents have trusted us with the special education of more than 3,000 students, ages 3 through 21."
- Monmouth County Mileage by Municipality and Jurisdiction, New Jersey Department of Transportation, May 2010. Accessed July 24, 2014.
- Monmouth County Bus / Rail Connections, NJ Transit, May 22, 2009. Accessed July 29, 2012.
- Lattman, Peter. "The Fabulous Bharara Boys", The New York Times, June 9, 2011. Accessed August 9, 2012. "He told the audience that he and his brother, who grew up in Eatontown, N.J., carved similar paths. Preet, 42, graduated from Harvard College; Vinnie, 39, the University of Pennsylvania."
- Charles Billings, Sports-Reference.com. Accessed February 1, 2018. "Born: November 26, 1866 in Eatontown, New Jersey, United States.... Charles Billings of Glen Ridge, New Jersey was on the first trapshooting squad the U.S. ever entered in the Olympics.... From 1920 until his death in 1928, Billings was the first mayor of Oceanport, New Jersey."
- Edelson, Stephen. "Joe Bravo, longtime Monmouth Park jockey, riding recent success into New York tracks", Asbury Park Press, May 5, 2014. Accessed January 12, 2015. "'I love Monmouth Park, but it's a part-time job there right now,' Bravo said, having returned to his home in Eatontown on Sunday."
- Merrill, Elizabeth. "Coach driven by family, faith, football; Despite his years away, ties to KC, Chiefs remain strong", Kansas City Star, January 8, 2006. Accessed January 12, 2015. "Seventy-five miles from where his life started on an Army base in Eatontown, NJ, Edwards' New York minute is up."
- Staff. "June Elvidge", The New York Times, May 3, 1965. Accessed January 12, 2015. "Eatontown, N. J., May 3 - June Elvidge, an actress early in the century and the widow of Britton Busch, a stockbroker, died yesterday at the Mary Lee Nursing Home."
- Whitehead, John. The Judicial and Civil History of New Jersey, Volume 2, p. 289. Courts, 1897. Accessed January 12, 2015. "Houston Fields, Freehold, son of Theodore and Rachel (Morris) Fields, was born near Eatontown, Monmouth county, N. J., October 23, 1861, and completed his education at the Freehold Institute."
- Kaplan, Ron. "Eatontown natives power Israel to surprising success in softball", New Jersey Jewish News, August 7, 2007. Accessed December 28, 2007. "Eatontown native and star softball player Shyella Mayk, 28, and her sister Liati, 25, are part of the Israeli squad, which finished in a surprising fourth place at last month's European B Pool Championships held in Zagreb, Croatia."
- "Cast: Melissa Reeves - Jennifer Horton", Days of Our Lives. Accessed January 12, 2015. "Reeves was training with Phil Black in New York to be a dancer, commuting from her hometown in Eatontown, New Jersey to Manhattan every day in pursuit of her dream."
- Kevin Ritz, Baseball-Reference.com. Accessed January 12, 2015.
- Cindy Lee Van Dover, American Museum of Natural History. Accessed February 1, 2018. "Hometown Eatontown, New Jersey (Exit 105 on the Garden State Parkway), which is about five miles from where Bruce Springsteen grew up and about five miles from the Atlantic Ocean."
- Peter Vredenburgh (1837-1864) A Register of His Papers, copied from the Monmouth NJ County Historical Association. Accessed January 12, 2015. "Settling in Eatontown, N.J., he practiced law for three years until commissioned into the U.S. Army, 14th Regiment N.J. Volunteers as a Major on August 25, 1862."