Eatonville, Florida

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Eatonville, Florida
Town
Eatonville Town Hall
Eatonville Town Hall
Location in Orange County and the state of Florida
Location in Orange County and the state of Florida
Coordinates: 28°37′7″N 81°23′0″W / 28.61861°N 81.38333°W / 28.61861; -81.38333Coordinates: 28°37′7″N 81°23′0″W / 28.61861°N 81.38333°W / 28.61861; -81.38333
Country  United States
State  Florida
County  Orange
Incorporated (Town) 1887
Government
 • Mayor Eddie Cole
Area[1]
 • Total 1.12 sq mi (2.90 km2)
 • Land 0.99 sq mi (2.56 km2)
 • Water 0.13 sq mi (0.34 km2)
Elevation 95 ft (29 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 2,159
 • Estimate (2016)[2] 2,277
 • Density 2,302.33/sq mi (889.26/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 32751
Area code(s) 407
FIPS code 12-19650[3]
GNIS feature ID 0282054[4]
Website www.townofeatonville.org

Eatonville is a town in Orange County, Florida, United States, six miles north of Orlando. It is part of the Orlando–Kissimmee metropolitan statistical area. The town includes the Eatonville Historic District.

Incorporated on August 15, 1887, it was one of the first self-governing all-black municipalities in the United States. Such towns were often created because local town and county police forces refused to protect black communities.[5] The population was 2,159 at the 2010 census.[6]

Noted author Zora Neale Hurston grew up in Eatonville, which she featured in many stories. In 1990 the town founded the Zora Neale Hurston Museum of Fine Arts. Every winter the town stages the Zora Neale Hurston Festival of the Arts and Humanities. A library named for her opened in January 2004.

Artist Jules Andre Smith has done a series of paintings depicting life in Eatonville during the 1930s and 1940s. Twelve of these works are at the Maitland Art Center in the adjacent town of Maitland.

Eatonville is home to WESH and WKCF, two television stations serving the Orlando television market.

History[edit]

A Post Office opened at Eatonville in 1889,[7] and closed in 1918. While sources seem to disagree on the exact date and year of the town's incorporation, the town's official site provides a detailed account of the process and the dates. According to that official source, the town is named after Josiah C. Eaton, one of a small group of white landowners who were willing to sell sufficient land to African Americans to incorporate as a black town.[8]

Hurston's novel Their Eyes Were Watching God is set in the town and nearby communities, many of which have disappeared with the expansion of Greater Orlando.

Before the days of racial integration, Club Eaton was a popular stop on the Chitlin' Circuit, hosting performers ranging from B.B. King to Aretha Franklin, the young local Ray Charles, Sam Cooke, The Platters, Duke Ellington, Ella Fitzgerald, Billie Holiday and James Brown.[9]

Eatonville Historic District[edit]

The Eatonville Historic District was designated and added to the National Register of Historic Places on February 3, 1998. The district is bounded by Wymore Road, Eaton Street, Fords, and East Avenues, Ruffel, and Clark Streets. It contains 48 historic buildings. Several are related to the town's establishment as a home for African Americans and to its most famous former resident, Zora Neale Hurston.[10]

Gallery[edit]

Geography[edit]

Eatonville is located at 28°37′7″N 81°23′0″W / 28.61861°N 81.38333°W / 28.61861; -81.38333 (28.618727, -81.383440).[11]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 1.1 square miles (2.8 km2), of which 1.0 square mile (2.6 km2) is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) (9.17%) is water.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1900 125 —    
1905 150 +20.0%
1910 108 −28.0%
1915 122 +13.0%
1920 125 +2.5%
1925 114 −8.8%
1930 136 +19.3%
1960 857 +530.1%
1970 2,024 +136.2%
1980 2,185 +8.0%
1990 2,170 −0.7%
2000 2,432 +12.1%
2010 2,159 −11.2%
2016 2,277 +5.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[12] Florida Department of Agriculture[13]
Zora Neale Hurston National Museum in Eatonville

As of the census[3] of 2000, there were 2,432 people, 761 households, and 548 families residing in the town. The population density was 2,469.5 inhabitants per square mile (958.2/km²). There were 858 housing units at an average density of 871.2 per square mile (338.0/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 89.31% African American, 7.5% White, 0.49% Native American, 0.29% Asian, 1.56% from other races, and 0.82% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.54% of the population.

There were 761 households out of which 35.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 28.0% were married couples living together, 37.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.9% were non-families. 22.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.92 and the average family size was 3.42.

In the town, the population was spread out with 33.6% under the age of 18, 8.8% from 18 to 24, 27.5% from 25 to 44, 19.6% from 45 to 64, and 10.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females, there were 88.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.3 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $29,457, and the median income for a family was $31,042. Males had a median income of $21,719 versus $21,328 for females. The per capita income for the town was $11,257. About 21.9% of families and 25.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 29.3% of those under age 18 and 24.5% of those age 65 or over.

Notable people[edit]

Cultural references[edit]

  • "Eatonville" is a song by indie rockers The Samples, written by Andy Sheldon. The song was written after Sheldon read Their Eyes Were Watching God. It appears on their fourth album, The Last Drag, released in 1993.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jul 7, 2017. 
  2. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  3. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "Alabama's oldest black city fading away". Lodi News-Sentinel. May 26, 2009. p. 12. Retrieved 29 May 2015. 
  6. ^ "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Eatonville town, Florida". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved September 21, 2012. 
  7. ^ "United States Postal Service Postmaster Finder". United States Postal Service. 2017. Retrieved 2017-11-30. 
  8. ^ Town of Eatonville official website. Archived 2004-10-28 at the Wayback Machine.
  9. ^ http://articles.orlandosentinel.com/1987-08-13/lifestyle/0140080163_1_cotton-club-bernie-lee-eaton
  10. ^ Orange County listings NRHP
  11. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  12. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  13. ^ Florida Department of Agriculture (1906). Census of the State of Florida. Urbana, I.L. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]