Eavan Boland

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Eavan Boland
Boland, 1996
Boland, 1996
BornEavan Frances Boland
(1944-09-24)24 September 1944
Dublin, Ireland
Died27 April 2020(2020-04-27) (aged 75)
Dublin, Ireland
OccupationPoet, author, professor
Alma materTrinity College, Dublin
Period1962–2020
Notable awardsJacob's Award
1976
Spouse
Kevin Casey (m. 1969)
Children2

Eavan Frances Boland[1] (24 September 1944 – 27 April 2020) was an Irish poet, author, and professor. She was a professor at Stanford University, where she had taught from 1996.[2][3] Her work deals with the Irish national identity, and the role of women in Irish history.[3] A number of poems from Boland's poetry career are studied by Irish students who take the Leaving Certificate. She was a recipient of the Lannan Literary Award for Poetry.

Life and career[edit]

Boland's father, Frederick Boland, was a career diplomat and her mother, Frances Kelly, was a noted painter. She was born in Dublin in 1944.

When she was six, Boland's father was appointed Irish Ambassador to the United Kingdom; the family followed him to London, where Boland had her first experiences of anti-Irish sentiment. Her dealing with this hostility strengthened Boland's identification with her Irish heritage. She spoke of this time in her poem, "An Irish Childhood in England: 1951".

At 14, she returned to Dublin to attend Holy Child School in Killiney.[4] She published a pamphlet of poetry (23 Poems) in her first year at Trinity, in 1962. Boland earned a BA with First Class Honors in English Literature and Language from Trinity College, Dublin in 1966.

Since then she held numerous teaching positions and published poetry, prose criticism and essays. Boland married the novelist Kevin Casey in 1969 and had two daughters. Her experiences as a wife and mother influenced her to write about the centrality of the ordinary, as well as providing a frame for more political and historical themes.

She taught at Trinity College, Dublin, University College, Dublin, and Bowdoin College, and was a member of the International Writing Program at the University of Iowa. She was also writer in residence at Trinity College, Dublin, and at the National Maternity Hospital.

In the late 1970s and 1980s, she taught at the School of Irish Studies in Dublin. From 1996 she was a tenured Professor of English at Stanford University where she was the Bella Mabury and Eloise Mabury Knapp Professor in the Humanities and Melvin and Bill Lane Professor for Director of the Creative Writing program. She divided her time between Palo Alto, and her home in Dublin.

Boland died in Dublin on 27 April 2020, aged 75, from a stroke.[5][6][7][8]

Works[edit]

Eavan Boland's first book of poetry was New Territory published in 1967 with Dublin publisher Allen Figgis. This was followed by The War Horse (1975), In Her Own Image (1980) and Night Feed (1982), which established her reputation as a writer on the ordinary lives of women and on the difficulties faced by women poets in a male-dominated literary world.

Her books of poetry include Domestic Violence (W. W. Norton & Co., 2007), Against Love Poetry (W. W. Norton & Co., 2001), The Lost Land (1998), An Origin Like Water: Collected Poems 1967–1987 (1996), In a Time of Violence (1994), Outside History: Selected Poems 1980–1990 (1990), The Journey and Other Poems (1986), Night Feed (1982), and In Her Own Image (1980). In addition to her books of poetry, Boland was also the author of Object Lessons: The Life of the Woman and the Poet in Our Time (W. W. Norton, 1995), a volume of prose, and co-editor of The Making of a Poem: A Norton Anthology of Poetic Forms (W. W. Norton & Co., 2000). Her last prose book is A Journey With Two Maps: Becoming a Woman Poet (W. W. Norton, 2011 and Carcanet Press UK).

Awards[edit]

In 1976, Boland won a Jacob's Award for her involvement in The Arts Programme broadcast on RTÉ Radio. Her other awards include a Lannan Foundation Award in Poetry and an American Ireland Fund Literary Award. She also received the Corrington Medal for Literary Excellence Centenary College 2002, the Bucknell Medal of Distinction 2000 Bucknell University, the Smartt Family prize from the Yale Review and the John Frederick Nims Award from Poetry Magazine 2002. Her volume "Domestic Violence" (2007) was shortlisted for the Forward prize in the UK. Her poem "Violence Against Women" from the same volume was awarded the James Boatwright III Prize for Poetry for the best poem published in 2007 in Shenandoah magazine. In 1997 she received an honorary degree from University College Dublin. She also received honorary degrees from Strathclyde University and Colby College in the US in 1997, and the College of the Holy Cross in 1999. She received one from Bowdoin College in 2004. In 2004 she also received an honorary degree from Trinity College Dublin.

Her collection In a Time of Violence (1994) received a Lannan Award and was shortlisted for the T. S. Eliot Prize. Several of her volumes of poetry have been Poetry Book Society Choices in the UK, where she is primarily published by Carcanet Press.[9] In the United States her publisher is W. W. Norton. Her volume of poems Against Love Poetry (W. W. Norton 2001) was a New York Times Notable Book of the Year. She won a 2012 PEN Award for creative nonfiction with her collection of essays, A Journey With Two Maps: Becoming a Woman Poet published in 2012 by W. W. Norton. In 2015, a volume of poems, "A Woman Without A Country", was published by W. W. Norton. Former Irish Taoiseach, Bertie Ahern, quoted from her poem "The Emigrant Irish" in his address to the joint houses of the US Congress in May 2008. She is co-editor of The Making of a Poem: A Norton Anthology of Poetic Forms (with Mark Strand; W. W. Norton & Co., 2000). She also published a volume of translations in 2004 called After Every War (Princeton University Press). With Edward Hirsch, she co-edited "The Making of a Sonnet: A Norton Anthology of the Sonnet" (W. W. Norton & Co., 2008).

Her poem "Quarantine" was one of 10 poems shortlisted for RTÉ's selection of Ireland's favourite poems of the last 100 years in 2015.[10][11]

On March 15, 2016, President Obama quoted lines from her poem "On a Thirtieth Anniversary" (from "Against Love Poetry" 2001) in his remarks at a reception in the White House to celebrate St Patrick's Day.[12] In 2016 she was inducted into the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.[13] In 2017 she received the Bob Hughes Lifetime Achievement Award at the Bord Gáis Energy Irish Book Awards.[14]

In March 2018 RTE broadcast a documentary on her life as a poet called "Eavan Boland:Is it Still the Same?"[15] In 2018 she was elected to the Royal Irish Academy. Boland was commissioned by the Government of Ireland and the Royal Irish Academy to write the poem "Our future will become the past of other women" to be read at the UN and in Ireland during the centenary commemorations of women gaining the vote in Ireland in 1918.[16][17]

Publications[edit]

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Allen Randolph, Jody. Eavan Boland. Contemporary Irish Writers. Lewisburg, PA: Bucknell University Press, 2014.
  • Allen Randolph, Jody. Eavan Boland: A Sourcebook Manchester: Carcanet Press, 2007.
  • Allen Randolph, Jody. Eavan Boland: A Critical Companion. New York: Norton, 2008.
  • Allen Randolph, Jody, and Anthony Roche, eds. Special Edition: Eavan Boland. Irish University Review 23.1 (Spring/Summer 1993).
  • Allen Randolph, Jody, ed. Special Issue: Eavan Boland. Colby Quarterly 35.4 (Dec. 1999).
  • Haberstroh, Patricia Boyle, Women Creating Women: Contemporary Irish Women Poets. Syracuse University Press (Syracuse, NY), 1996.
  • Hagen, Patricia L., and Thomas W. Zelman. Eavan Boland and the History of the Ordinary. Bethesda, MD: Academica Press, 2004.
  • Müller, Sabina J. Through the Mythographer's eye : Myth and Legend in the work of Seamus Heaney and Eavan Boland. Tübingen : Francke, 2007
  • Villar-Argáiz, Pilar. Eavan Boland's Evolution As an Irish Woman Poet: An Outsider within an Outsider's Culture. Ceredigion, UK: Mellon, 2007.
  • Villar-Argáiz, Pilar. The Poetry of Eavan Boland: A Postcolonial Reading. Bethesda, MD: Academica Press, 2008.
  • Rióna Ní Fhrighil. Briathra, Béithe agus Banfhilí: Filíocht Eavan Boland agus Nuala Ní Dhomhnaill. An Clóchomhar: Dublin 2009
  • Allen Randolph, Jody. Eavan Boland (Contemporary Irish Writers). Bucknell University Press, 2013.
  • Campbell, Siobhan, O'Mahony, Nessa (editors):. Eavan Boland: Inside History. Arlen House, 2016.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Eavan Boland, Jody Allen Randolph, Bucknell University Press, 2014, p. xxii
  2. ^ New York Times, "Eavan Boland, ‘Disruptive’ Irish Poet," April 28, 2020 [1]
  3. ^ a b "Eavan Boland". The Poetry Foundation. 2010. Retrieved 26 March 2016.
  4. ^ "Eavan Boland obituary: Outstanding Irish poet and academic". Irish Times. 2 May 2020. Archived from the original on 15 May 2020. Retrieved 15 May 2020.
  5. ^ Crowley, Sinéad (27 April 2020). "Poet Eavan Boland dies aged 75". Raidió Teilifís Éireann (RTÉ). Retrieved 29 April 2020.
  6. ^ "Poet Eavan Boland passes away aged 75". BreakingNews.ie. 27 April 2020.
  7. ^ Doyle, Martin (27 April 2020). "Eavan Boland, leading Irish poet and champion of the female voice, dies aged 75". The Irish Times. Retrieved 29 April 2020.
  8. ^ Genzlinger, Neil (28 April 2020). "Eavan Boland, 'Disruptive' Irish Poet, Is Dead at 75". The New York Times. Retrieved 29 April 2020.
  9. ^ "Eavan Boland". Carcanet Press. Retrieved 26 March 2016.
  10. ^ "Quarantine". RTÉ – Poem for Ireland. Retrieved 2 April 2020.
  11. ^ "A Poem for Ireland: Seamus Heaney poem chosen as Ireland's favourite of past 100 years". independent. Retrieved 2 April 2020.
  12. ^ "Remarks by President Obama, Vice President Biden, and Prime Minister Kenny of Ireland at St. Patrick's Day Reception". whitehouse.gov. 15 March 2016.
  13. ^ "Eavan Boland is elected to the 2016 class of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences | Department of English". english.stanford.edu.
  14. ^ "Eavan Boland receives the Bob Hughes Lifetime Achievement Award | Department of English". english.stanford.edu.
  15. ^ "EAVAN BOLAND: IS IT STILL THE SAME? | RTÉ Presspack". presspack.rte.ie.
  16. ^ "Our future will become the past of other women". Royal Irish Academy. 31 October 2018. Retrieved 27 April 2020.
  17. ^ "Eavan Boland Poem". The Irish Times. Retrieved 27 April 2020.
  18. ^ "Eavan Boland: Selected Bibliography." Eavan Boland: A Critical Companion. New York: W.W. Norton, 2008.

External links[edit]