Ebenezer Allen (Texas politician)

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Ebenezer C. Allen (April 8, 1804 – 1863) was Secretary of State and the last Attorney General of the Republic of Texas. He was also Attorney General of the State of Texas. He was an early Texas railroad promoter. He died in the service of the South in the U.S. Civil War.

Early life[edit]

Allen was born in Newport, New Hampshire, in 1804[1] to David and Hannah (Wilcox) Allen.

Legal career and move to Texas[edit]

He attended Dartmouth College, graduating in 1826. Allen moved to Orono, Maine, and married Sylvina Morse in 1833. He practiced law there for a time before he went to Galveston, Texas.[2] He arrived during the Texas Revolution and practiced law in Galveston.

Official of the Republic of Texas[edit]

On December 9, 1844, Allen was elected Attorney General of the Republic of Texas. He served under President Anson Jones, resigning in July 1845. He then served as acting Secretary of State, during the absence of Ashbel Smith, assisting with the annexation negotiations with the United States Government.

Later career[edit]

Allen was the primary business leader of the Galveston and Red River Railroad Company when the State of Texas granted the company a charter in 1848.[1] Later the company changed its name to the Houston and Texas Central Railway in the 1850s and Allen continued to lead the company.

In 1850, Allen was elected Attorney General as a Democrat, serving under Governor Peter Hansborough Bell from 1850 to 1852.

In 1861, with Texas' secession from the United States, Allen entered the service of the Confederate States of America. He died in Richmond, Virginia, in 1863.[2]


The city of Allen, Texas, which was founded when the Houston and Texas Central Railway built a depot there, was named for Ebenezer Allen.


Political offices
Preceded by
George W. Terrell
Attorney General of the Republic of Texas
Succeeded by
William Beck Ochiltree
Preceded by
Andrew Jackson Hamilton
Attorney General of Texas
Succeeded by
Thomas J. Jennings