Battelle was born in 1754 in Dedham, Massachusetts, to Ebenezer Battelle (d.1776) and Prudence Draper. He attended Harvard College (class of 1775); schoolmates included Fisher Ames and Benjamin Bourne.
He "was a volunteer at the battle of Lexington. ... [In 1776, he] served nineteen days at Castle Island, Dec. 11 to Dec. 30, 1776; went on the expedition to Providence, R.I., May 8 to July 8, 1777; re-enlisted, and served from March 23 to April 5, 1778, and was commissioned captain of the Eighth Company in the Suffolk Regiment, July 2, 1778. He was promoted to be major, April 1, 1780, and became colonel of the Boston regiment in 1784." He joined the Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company of Massachusetts in 1786.
After the war Battelle sold and published books from his shop in Boston on State Street (ca.1783-1785) and Marlboro Street (1785-ca.1787). In addition to books imported from London, he stocked American publications such as Isaiah Thomas' Almanack and Noah Webster's Grammatical Institutes.
- Roberts. History of the Military company of the Massachusetts, now called the Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company of Massachusetts. 1637-1888, Volume 2. A. Mudge & son, printers, 1897.
- Letter from Fisher Ames to Rufus Putman, 1791. Memoirs of Rufus Putnam and certain official papers and correspondence. Houghton, Mifflin and company, 1903.
- Quinquennial catalogue of the officers and graduates of Harvard University, 1636-1915. Harvard University Press, 1915
- WorldCat. Battelle, Ebenezer 1754-1818
- Boston Evening Post, Sept. 13, 1783
- Massachusetts Centinel, Feb. 2, 1785
- Massachusetts Spy, April 12, 1787
- Massachusetts Spy, Nov. 6, 1783
- An oration, delivered at Marietta, April 7, 1789, in commemoration of the commencement of the settlement formed by the Ohio Company. By Solomon Drown, Esq. M.B. / Early American Imprints, Series 1, no. 21802
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- Battelle family. In: History of Ohio: the rise and progress of an American state, Volume 6. Century History Co., 1912.