Eberhard August Wilhelm von Zimmermann
He studied natural philosophy and mathematics in Leiden, Halle, Berlin and Göttingen, and in 1766 was appointed professor of mathematics and natural sciences at the Collegium Carolinum in Braunschweig. One of his pupils was mathematician Carl Friedrich Gauss. From 1789 onward, he served as aulic councillor in Braunschweig.
During his career, he travelled widely throughout Europe — Livonia, Russia, Sweden, Denmark. England, France, Germany, Switzerland and Italy. On his journeys, he conducted research of economic conditions and natural resources. He wrote Specimen Zoologiae Geographicae Quadrupedum (1777), one of the first works on the geographical distribution of mammals (zoogeography).
He was the author of works on a variety of subjects; such as mathematics, natural sciences, regional studies and the history of discovery. From 1802 to 1813, he published the Taschenbuch der Reisen (Handbook of travel).
- Geographische geschichte des menschen und der allgemein verbreiteten vierfüssigen thiere, 3 volumes (1779–1783) – Geographical history of humans and the general distribution of quadrupeds.
- Über die Elastizität des Wassers, 1779 – On the elasticity of water.
- Frankreich und die Freistaaten von Nordamerika, (part I, 1795; part II, 1800) – France and the free states of North America.
- Die erde und ihre bewohner. Ein lesebuch für geographie, völkerkunde produktenlehre und den handel, 5 volumes (1810–1814) – The earth and its inhabitants. A reading book of geography, ethnology, etc.
- Biography in Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (in German)
- Petra Feuerstein-Herz, 2004 Eberhard August Wilhelm von Zimmermann (1743-1815) und die Tiergeographie. Dissertation Braunschweig.
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