Ebina, Kanagawa

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Ebina
海老名市
City
Ebina City Hall
Ebina City Hall
Flag of Ebina
Flag
Location of Ebina in Kanagawa Prefecture
Location of Ebina in Kanagawa Prefecture
Ebina is located in Japan
Ebina
Ebina
 
Coordinates: 35°26′47″N 139°23′27″E / 35.44639°N 139.39083°E / 35.44639; 139.39083Coordinates: 35°26′47″N 139°23′27″E / 35.44639°N 139.39083°E / 35.44639; 139.39083
Country Japan
Region Kantō
Prefecture Kanagawa Prefecture
Government
 • Mayor Masaharu Uchino
Area
 • Total 26.59 km2 (10.27 sq mi)
Population (February 1, 2015)
 • Total 129,404
 • Density 4,870/km2 (12,600/sq mi)
Time zone Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)
- Tree Box tree
- Flower Azalea
- Bird Greenfinch
Phone number 046-231-2111
Address 175-1 Katase, Ebina-shi, Kanagawa-ken 243-0492
Website Official website

Ebina (海老名市 Ebina-shi?) is a city located in central Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan.[1][2][3]

As of February 2015 the city had an estimated population of 129,494 and a population density of 4,870 persons per km². The total area is 26.69 km².

Geography[edit]

Ebina is located in the middle of the Sagami Plain, part of western Kantō Plain. The city sits on the eastern bank of the Sagami River. The Tōmei Expressway cuts across the southern end of the city.[1]

Surrounding municipalities[edit]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Ebina (1981 - 2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 19.2
(66.6)
25.3
(77.5)
25.1
(77.2)
31.0
(87.8)
33.4
(92.1)
37.6
(99.7)
37.9
(100.2)
37.6
(99.7)
37.6
(99.7)
32.6
(90.7)
26.1
(79)
24.2
(75.6)
37.9
(100.2)
Average high °C (°F) 10.6
(51.1)
11.0
(51.8)
13.8
(56.8)
19.2
(66.6)
23.2
(73.8)
25.8
(78.4)
29.6
(85.3)
31.2
(88.2)
27.5
(81.5)
22.3
(72.1)
17.4
(63.3)
13.1
(55.6)
20.4
(68.7)
Daily mean °C (°F) 4.6
(40.3)
5.3
(41.5)
8.6
(47.5)
13.8
(56.8)
18.2
(64.8)
21.5
(70.7)
25.1
(77.2)
26.5
(79.7)
23.0
(73.4)
17.4
(63.3)
11.9
(53.4)
7.0
(44.6)
15.3
(59.5)
Average low °C (°F) −0.7
(30.7)
0.0
(32)
3.4
(38.1)
8.6
(47.5)
13.5
(56.3)
17.8
(64)
21.7
(71.1)
22.9
(73.2)
19.4
(66.9)
13.3
(55.9)
7.2
(45)
1.6
(34.9)
10.7
(51.3)
Record low °C (°F) −7.2
(19)
−8.6
(16.5)
−5.6
(21.9)
−2.7
(27.1)
4.7
(40.5)
10.7
(51.3)
14.2
(57.6)
17.5
(63.5)
10.6
(51.1)
2.0
(35.6)
−1.5
(29.3)
−7.3
(18.9)
−8.6
(16.5)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 61.2
(2.409)
68.4
(2.693)
141.3
(5.563)
152.3
(5.996)
150.7
(5.933)
189.1
(7.445)
180.6
(7.11)
193.2
(7.606)
243.6
(9.591)
205.2
(8.079)
108.6
(4.276)
58.3
(2.295)
1,729.9
(68.106)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 5.6 6.2 11.2 10.5 10.5 12.6 11.6 9.2 12.6 10.4 7.5 4.8 112.7
Mean monthly sunshine hours 174.3 158.4 154.7 170.0 163.8 121.9 150.6 183.2 125.6 129.3 142.9 172.0 1,848.5
Source #1: Japan Meteorological Agency
Source #2: 観測史上1〜10位の値(年間を通じての値)

History[edit]

The area of modern Ebina has been settled since prehistoric times, and has a number of remains from the Kofun period. Ebina became the provincial capital of Sagami Province in the Nara period, and was the location of the kokubunji, or provincial temple.[1] It was home to the Yokoyama clan, one of the seven warrior clans of the Musashi region during the early Kamakura period. During the Edo period, the lands around Ebina were tenryō territory theoretically administered directly by the Tokugawa Shogunate in Edo; however, in reality, the area was a patchwork of small fiefs held by various hatamoto, as well as exclaves under the control of Sakura Domain and Karasuyama Domain.

After the Meiji Restoration, the area became part of Kōza District, Kanagawa Prefecture and was administratively divided into Ebina Village and Arima Village on April 1, 1889. The area was connected by rail in 1926 via the Sagami Railway and in 1927 by the Odakyu Electric Railway, leading to an increase in population and a change in status of Ebina from village to town in 1940. In 1955, Arima Village merged into Ebina Town. Ebina was elevated to city status on November 1, 1971. Urban development projects in the 1980s and 1990s have modernized the city center.[3]

Economy[edit]

Taito Corporation Ebina Development Center

Ebina is home to over 150 factories. The town is a center of the production of electrical appliances, metal products, and machinery. The Taito Corporation operates the Ebina Development Center in Ebina. The city was once known for its broad rice paddies, but agriculture now centers on the cultivation of strawberries, tomatoes, and ornamental plants. Ebina serves as a bedroom community to the greater Tokyo and Yokohama area.[2][3][4]

Transportation[edit]

Railway[edit]

Highway[edit]

Local attractions[edit]

Noted people from Ebina[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Ebina". Encyclopedia of Japan. Tokyo: Shogakukan. 2012. OCLC 56431036. Retrieved 2012-07-27. 
  2. ^ a b "海老名" [Ebina]. Dijitaru Daijisen (in Japanese). Tokyo: Shogakukan. 2012. OCLC 56431036. Retrieved 2012-09-18. 
  3. ^ a b c "海老名(市)" [Ebina]. Nihon Daihyakka Zensho (Nipponika) (in Japanese). Tokyo: Shogakukan. 2012. OCLC 153301537. Retrieved 2012-09-18. 
  4. ^ "Company Overview." Taito Corporation. Retrieved on January 30, 2011. "Ebina Development Center 3-11-1, Shimoimaizumi, Ebina-shi, Kanagawa 243-0498, JAPAN"

External links[edit]