|Comune di Eboli|
|Province / Metropolitan city||Salerno (SA)|
|Frazioni||Campolongo, Cioffi, Corno d'oro, Fiocche, Santa Cecilia, Taverna Nova|
|• Mayor||Massimo Cariello (Brothers of Italy)|
|• Total||138.7 km2 (53.6 sq mi)|
|Elevation||145 m (476 ft)|
|Population (31 December 2010)|
|• Density||280/km2 (720/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|Postal code||84020, 82025|
|Patron saint||Saint Vitus|
|Saint day||June 15|
The archaeological excavations prove that the area of Eboli has been inhabited since the Copper and Bronze Ages, and also attested (from the 5th century BC) is the presence of the so-called Villanovan civilization.
The ancient Eburum was a Lucanian city, mentioned only by Pliny the Elder and in inscriptions, not far distant from the Campanian border. It lays above the Via Popilia, which followed the line taken by the modern railway. The Romans gave it the status of municipium.
The town was destroyed first by Alaric I in 410 AD, and then by the Saracens in the 9th and 10th centuries. Later it was a stronghold of the Principality of Salerno, with a massive castle built by Robert Guiscard.
During the 1930s Eboli was able to expand into the plain after a project of land reclamation carried out by the Fascist government. It was severely damaged during the 1980 Irpinia earthquake.
Eboli is located at the feet of Montedoro, a peripheral spur of the Monte Raione-Monte Ripalta group. Its territory, which is 90% plain, is formed by the alluvial plain of the Sele river, which bounds it southwards. The remaining part comprises hills part of the Monti Picentini Regional Park.
The main attraction is the Colonna castle (11th century). Scanty remains of the ancient polygonal walls (4th century BC) can still be seen, as well as of a Roman imperial villa in the locality of Paterno. Eboli is also home to several 15th-16th century palazzi.
A local saying, Cristo si è fermato a Eboli ('Christ stopped at Eboli'), was used by 20th-century writer Carlo Levi as the title of a book, referring to the enduring poverty in Basilicata. Eboli was the location where the road and railway to Basilicata branched away from the coastal north-south routes.
Secondary schools based in Eboli are:
- Istituto di Istruzione Superiore "Perito-Levi" (liceo classico, liceo artistico, and liceo musicale e coreutico)
- Liceo scientifico "A. Gallotta"
- Istituto di Istruzione Superiore "Mattei-Fortunato" (istituto tecnico, istituto professionale)
- Liceo delle Scienze Umane Piaget (private)
There is a film based on the book (in English, Christ Stopped at Eboli).
- Demographic data from Istat
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Eboli". Encyclopædia Britannica. 8 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 843.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Eboli.|
- Eboli official website (in Italian)