Ebonyi State

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Unwana Beach, Ebonyi State.jpg
Flag of Ebonyi State
Salt of the Nation
Igbo: Mbà ùmẹ́ ànị̀
Location of Ebonyi State in Nigeria
Location of Ebonyi State in Nigeria
Coordinates: 6°15′N 8°05′E / 6.250°N 8.083°E / 6.250; 8.083Coordinates: 6°15′N 8°05′E / 6.250°N 8.083°E / 6.250; 8.083
Country Nigeria
Date created1 October 1996
 • Governor
David Nweze Umahi (APC)
 • Deputy GovernorEric Kelechi Igwe
 • Senators PDP
 • Representatives PDP
 • Total5,533 km2 (2,136 sq mi)
Area rank33rd of 36
 (2006 Census)
 • Total2,176,947
 • Rank34 of 36
 • Density390/km2 (1,000/sq mi)
 • Year2008
 • Total$2.73 billion[1]
 • Per capita$1,232[1]
Time zoneUTC+01 (WAT)
postal code
Dialing Code+234
ISO 3166 codeNG-EB
HDI (2018)0.567[2]
medium · 20th of 37

Ebonyi State is in southeastern Nigeria. It is inhabited and populated primarily by the Igbo[3] with the city of Abakaliki as its capital and largest city. Other major townships include Afikpo, Onueke, Ezzamgbo, Ezzaeffium Edda, Effium, Aba Omege, Amasiri, Unwana, Echara Ikwo, Egu-Ubia, Ụbụrụ, Onicha, etc.


It was one of the six states created in 1996 by the then federal military government of General Sani Abacha. The State of Ebonyi was created from parts of both Enugu State and Abia State, which were the Abakaliki division from Enugu State and the Afikpo division from Abia State respectively. It has three senatorial zones, the Abakaliki division make up Ebonyi North and Ebonyi Central senatorial zones, while the Afikpo division make up the Ebonyi South senatorial zone. Ebonyi has thirteen local government areas as well as local development centres created by the state government. It is home to six prominent higher institutions of learning: Ebonyi State University, Abakaliki (EBSU); Alex Ekwueme Federal University Ndufu Alike Ikwo; Akanu Ibiam Federal Polytechnic, Unwana; Federal College of Agriculture, Ishiagu; Ebonyi State College of Education Ikwo (EBSCOEI) and College of Health Sciences, Ezzamgbo.[4]


There are several Igbo dialects spoken in Ebonyi State, including Edda, Ehugbo (Afikpo), Izzi-Ezza-Mgbo-Ikwo dialect cluster, Unwara, Akpoha, Okposi, Onicha, Korri, Effium, and Uburu.


In 1999, Dr. Sam Ominyi Egwu was elected as the first governor of the state under the People's Democratic Party (PDP). He was succeeded by Martin Elechi who was elected in 2007 and successfully ran for re-election in 2011, under the same PDP. Gov Martin Elechi was succeeded by the current Governor, Dave Umahi, who was elected in the March 2015 election and re-elected in March 2019 for a second term in office.

Natural resources[edit]

Ebonyi is primarily an agricultural region. It is a leading producer of rice, yam, potatoes, maize, beans, and cassava in Nigeria.[5] Rice is predominantly cultivated in Ikwo, yams in Izzi, with other regions in the state such as Amasiri, Edda and Ezillo making notable contributions, and Effium and Ezzamgo taking the top spots in cassava production.[5] Ebonyi has several solid mineral resources, including lead, crude oil, and natural gas, but few large-scale commercial mining|mines. The state government has, however, given some incentives to investors in the agro-allied sector to encourage production but capacity remains largely under utilised.[citation needed] Ebonyi is called "the salt of the nation" for its huge salt deposit at the Okposi and Uburu Salt Lakes.[5] There are also some tourist locations within the state prominent ones include Abakaliki Green Lake, Uburu Salt Lake, Unwana and Ikwo Beaches.[6]

Local government areas[edit]

Ebonyi State consists of thirteen (13) Local Government Areas. They are:


Languages of Ebonyi State listed by LGA:[7]

LGA Languages
Abakaliki Izzi
Afikpo South Afikpo
Ebonyi Izii
Ezaa North Ezaa
Ezaa South Ezaa
Ikwo Ikwo
Ishielu Ezaa; Oring
Ivo Ishiagu
Izzi Izii
Ohaukwu Ezaa; Mgbolizhia
Ohaozara Ohaozara
Onicha Ohaozara


A list of tertiary institutions in Ebonyi state includes:

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

  • List of people from Ebonyi State
  • 2011 clashes in Ebonyi State
  • "Federal College of Agriculture, Ishiagu".
  • Ebonyi State Executive Council


  1. ^ a b "C-GIDD (Canback Global Income Distribution Database)". Canback Dangel. Retrieved 20 August 2008.
  2. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 13 September 2018.
  3. ^ http://www.faculty.ucr.edu/~legneref/igbo/igbo2.htm
  4. ^ "Federal College of Agriculture, Ishiagu". FECAI, Ishiagu. Retrieved 20 March 2014.
  5. ^ a b c "[Ebonyi Online - About Ebonyi State
  6. ^ www.ebonyistate.gov.ng http://www.ebonyistate.gov.ng/tourism.aspx. Retrieved 15 June 2020. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  7. ^ "Nigeria". Ethnologue (22 ed.). Retrieved 10 January 2020.

External links[edit]