Ebonyi State

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Salt of the Nation
Igbo: Mbà ùmẹ́ ànị̀
Location of Ebonyi State in Nigeria
Location of Ebonyi State in Nigeria
Coordinates: 6°15′N 8°05′E / 6.250°N 8.083°E / 6.250; 8.083Coordinates: 6°15′N 8°05′E / 6.250°N 8.083°E / 6.250; 8.083
Country Nigeria
Date created1 October 1996
 • Governor
David Nweze Umahi (PDP)
 • Deputy GovernorEric Kelechi Igwe
 • Senators PDP
 • Representatives PDP
 • Total5,533 km2 (2,136 sq mi)
Area rank33rd of 36
 (2006 Census)
 • Total2,176,947
 • Rank34 of 36
 • Density390/km2 (1,000/sq mi)
 • Year2007
 • Total$2.73 billion[1]
 • Per capita$1,232[1]
Time zoneUTC+01 (WAT)
ISO 3166 codeNG-EB
HDI (2016)0.434[2] · 23rd of 36

Ebonyi State is in southeastern Nigeria. It is inhabited and populated primarily by the Igbo[3] with the city of Abakaliki as its capital and largest city. Other major townships include Afikpo, Onueke, Edda, Amasiri, Unwana, Echara Ikwo, Agubia, Ụbụrụ, Onicha, etc. It was one of the six states created in 1996 by the then federal military government of General Sani Abacha. The State of Ebonyi was created from parts of both Enugu State and Abia State, which were the Abakaliki division from Enugu State and the Afikpo division from Abia State respectively. It has three senatorial zones, the Abakaliki division make up Ebonyi North and Ebonyi Central senetorial zone, while the Afikpo division make up the Ebonyi South senetorial zone. Ebonyi has thirteen local government areas as well as local development centres created by the state government. It is home to six Higher institutions of learning: Ebonyi State University, Abakaliki (EBSU); Federal University Ndufu Alike Ikwo (FUNAI); Akanu Ibiam Federal Polytechnic, Unwana; Savannah Institute of Technology, Ishieke Junction, Abakaliki; Federal College of Agriculture, Ishiagu; Ebonyi State College of Education Ikwo (EBSCOEI) and College of Health Sciences, Ezzamgbo.[4]


There are several Igbo dialects spoken in Ebonyi State, including Edda, Ehugbo (Afikpo), Izzi-Ezza-Mgbo-Ikwo dialect cluster, Unwara, Akpoha, Okposi, Onicha, Korri, Effium and Uburu.


In 1999, Dr. Sam Ominyi Egwu was elected as the first governor of the state under the People's Democratic Party (PDP). He was succeeded by Martin Elechi who was elected in 2007 and successfully ran for re-election in 2011, under the same PDP. Gov Martin Elechi was succeeded by the current Governor, Dave Umahi, who was elected in the March 2015 election and re-elected in March 2019 for a second term in office.

Natural resources[edit]

Ebonyi is primarily an agricultural region. It is a leading producer of rice, yam, potatoes, maize, beans, and cassava in Nigeria.[5] Rice is predominantly cultivated in Ikwo, yams in Izzi, with other regions in the state such as Amasiri, Edda and Ezillo making notable contributions.[5] Ebonyi has several solid mineral resources, including lead, crude oil, and natural gas, but few large-scale commercial mining|mines. The state government has, however, given some incentives to investors in the agro-allied sector to encourage production but capacity remains largely under utilised.[citation needed] Ebonyi is called "the salt of the nation" for its huge salt deposit at the Okposi and Uburu Salt Lakes.[5] Template:Ebonyi Government

Local government areas[edit]

Ebonyi State consists of thirteen (13) Local Government Areas. They are:

Notable people from Ebonyi State[edit]

See also[edit]

  • List of people from Ebonyi State
  • 2011 clashes in Ebonyi State
  • "Federal College of Agriculture, Ishiagu".
  • Ebonyi State Executive Council


External links[edit]