Ebrahim Desai

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Mufti

Ebrahim Desai
Personal
Born(1963-01-16)16 January 1963
Richmond, Natal, South Africa
Died15 July 2021(2021-07-15) (aged 58)
Durban, South Africa
ReligionIslam
CitizenshipSouth Africa
DenominationSunni
JurisprudenceHanafi
MovementDeobandi[1]
Main interest(s)Fiqh
Notable work(s)
  • Commentary on Qaseedah Burdah
  • Introduction to Hadīth
  • Introduction to Islamic Commerce
Alma materJamiah Islamiah Talimuddin Dabhel
Known forAskimam
Founder ofDarul Iftaa Mahmudiyyah
Muslim leader
Disciple ofMahmood Hasan Gangohi

Ebrahim Desai (16 January 1963 – 15 July 2021) was a South African Muslim scholar and jurist who established the Darul Iftaa Mahmudiyyah, the Askimam fatawa portal and served as the senior professor of hadith at Madrasah In'aamiyyah. He was an alumnus of Jamiah Islamiah Talimuddin Dabhel and ranked among The 500 Most Influential Muslims. He was seen as an influential scholar of Islamic finance and economics. He authored books such as Commentary on Qaseedah Burdah, Introduction to Hadīth and Introduction to Islamic Commerce.

Biography[edit]

Ebrahim Desai was born on 16 January 1963, in Richmond, Natal.[2] He memorized the Quran at the Waterval Islamic Institute and studied traditional Dars-i Nizami course at the Jamia Islamia Talimuddin in Gujarat, India.[3] He specialized in Islamic jurisprudence under Ahmad Khanpuri.[3] He also studied with the former Grand Mufti of Darul Uloom Deoband, Mahmood Hasan Gangohi, the author of the multi-volume Fatawa Mahmudiyyah and became his authorized disciple of Mahmood Hasan Gangohi in Sufism.[3][4]

Desai taught at the Madrasah Ta῾līmuddīn, in Isipingo Beach for ten years, and headed the Fatwa department of the Jamiatul Ulama Kwazulu Natal.[5][6] He served as the senior professor of hadith at the Madrasah In'aamiyyah for another ten years, and headed its Darul Ifta.[5][6] In March 2008, he travelled to Hong Kong to lecture students at the Islamic Kasim Tuet Memorial College.[7] In 2011, he shifted to Durban and established the Darul Iftaa Mahmudiyyah in Sherwood.[5] He taught Sahih Bukhari at Darul Uloom Nu'maniyyah and headed the Darul Iftaa Mahmudiyyah, that he established in Sherwood.[8] In 2000, he started the Ask Imam Fatawa Portal, an online Islamic questions and answers database, which is thought to have given him an international prominence.[9][10] According to V. Šisler, "Ebrahim Desai exemplifies a scholar who, although being trained in non-Azhari institution outside of the Arab world, gained global recognition mainly through mass support accumulated via information and communication technology."[9]

Desai served as the chairman of FNB Islamic Finance's Shari’ah Board.[11] He started the Sharī῾ah Compliant Business Campaign in 2002 to provide "a conference to tackle contemporary business matters in Islamic Commerce and Finance", according to the website of Darul Iftaa Mahmudiyyah.[8] He was featured among The 500 Most Influential Muslims compiled by the Royal Islamic Strategic Studies Centre.[12] Namira Nahouza referred to him as the "South African Grand Mufti of Indian descent."[13] His students include Abrar Mirza, Faisal al-Mahmudi and Husain Kadodia.[14][15] Farhana in her research study indicates that "Desai himself was arguably a master teacher to the students of Darul Ifta Mahmudiyyah, the institution where he taught and from where all his fatwas were generated. A survey of the structure of the fatwas on askimam.org in 2011 revealed that while Desai's students hail from different geographical locations, they generate the bulk of fatwas, and as master teacher he was the final authority, as indicated by the closing line at the end of each fatwa: 'checked and approved by Mufti Ebrahim Desai'."[16]

Desai died on 15 July 2021, in Durban.[14] Abdur Rahman ibn Yusuf Mangera, Muhammad ibn Adam Al-Kawthari, Omar Suleiman and Yasir Nadeem al Wajidi expressed grief over his death.[14]

Literary works[edit]

Desai's religious edicts have been published as Contemporary Fatawa in four volumes.[5] His other works include:[14][8]

  • Al-Mahmood (Collection of his religious edicts)
  • Imam Bukhari and his famous Al-Jāmi Al-Sahīh
  • Introduction to Hadīth
  • Introduction to Islamic Commerce
  • Commentary on Qaseedah Burdah

References[edit]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ Goran Larsson (2016). Muslims and the New Media: Historical and Contemporary Debates. Routledge. p. 105. ISBN 978-1-317-09103-5.
  2. ^ "جنوبی افریقہ کے مشہور مفتی ابراھیم ڈیسائی صاحب کا 15 جولائی کو ڈربن میں انتقال ہوا" [Famous South African Mufti Ebrahim Desai passes away in Durban]. Sadaye Haq News. 16 July 2021. Retrieved 16 July 2021.
  3. ^ a b c Farhana 2015, p. 14, 19.
  4. ^ Hadhrat Mufti Mahmood HasanGangohi - His Life And Works. Talimi Board. p. 67. Retrieved 16 July 2021.
  5. ^ a b c d "جنوبی افریقہ کے مشہور مفتی ابراھیم ڈیسائی صاحب کا 15 جولائی کو انتقال ہواـ پچھلے کئی روز سے ان کی طبیعت خراب چل رہی تھی" [South Afrian Mufti Ebrahim Desai passes away]. Baseerat Online (in Urdu). 16 July 2021. Retrieved 16 July 2021.
  6. ^ a b Mohiuddin, Afshan; Suleman, Mehrunisha; Rasheed, Shoaib; Padela, Aasim I. (2020). "When can Muslims withdraw or withhold life support? A narrative review of Islamic juridical rulings". Global Bioethics. 31 (1): 29–46. doi:10.1080/11287462.2020.1736243. PMC 7144300. PMID 32284707.
  7. ^ "Talk by Islamic Scholar from South Africa". IKTMC. 26 March 2008. Archived from the original on 25 June 2011. Retrieved 15 July 2021.
  8. ^ a b c "About Mufti Ebrahim Desai". Darul Iftaa. Retrieved 15 July 2021.
  9. ^ a b VÍT ŠISLER (March 2010). "EUROPEAN COURTS ́ AUTHORITY CONTESTED? THE CASE OF MARRIAGE AND DIVORCE FATWAS ON-LINE". Masaryk University Journal of Law and Technology. 3 (1): 65, 67.
  10. ^ Farhana 2015, p. 51.
  11. ^ "Entire FNB Islamic Finance board quits". 7 July 2012. Retrieved 15 July 2021.
  12. ^ "Ebrahim Desai". themuslim500.com. Royal Islamic Strategic Studies Centre. Retrieved 16 July 2021.
  13. ^ Nahouza, Namira (2018). Wahhabism and the Rise of the New Salafists: Theology, Power and Sunni Islam. Bloomsbury Publishing. p. 119. ISBN 978-1-83860-983-2.
  14. ^ a b c d "Famous Fatwah Portal Ask Imam's Mufti Ebrahim Desai passes away". The Chenab Times. 16 July 2021. Retrieved 16 July 2021.
  15. ^ "Biography of Mufti Husain Kadodia". Darul Iftaa Malawi. Retrieved 26 July 2021. Upon returning from Mauritania, he enrolled in the Ifta course at Madrasah In’amiyyah in Camperdown, South Africa under Mufti Ebrahim Desai. He successfully completed the Takhassus fi’ al-Ifta course which culminated in his answering of approximately 1,500 fatwas.
  16. ^ Farhana 2015, p. 19.

Bibliography[edit]