42355 Typhon

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42355 Typhon
Discovered by NEAT
Discovery date February 5, 2002
Named after
2002 CR46

Scattered disc[1][2]

Adjectives Typhonean, Typhonian
Orbital characteristics
Aphelion 58.799297 AU
Perihelion 17.525714 AU
38.162506 AU
Eccentricity 0.5407609
Inclination 2.4280935°
Physical characteristics
Dimensions 162±7 km[4]
134±13 km[citation needed]
Albedo 0.044±0.003[4]
Spectral type
B−V=0.74±0.02 V−R=0.52±0.01

42355 Typhon (/ˈtfɒn/; from Greek: Τυφών) is a scattered disc object that was discovered on February 5, 2002, by the NEAT program. It measures 162±7 km in diameter, and is named after Typhon, a monster in Greek mythology.

A large moon was identified in 2006. It is named Echidna—formal designation (42355) Typhon I Echidna, /ɨˈkɪdnə/, from Greek: Έχιδνα—after Echidna, the monstrous mate of Typhon. It orbits Typhon at ~1300 km, completing one orbit in about 11 days. Its diameter is estimated to be 89±6 km. Typhon is the first known binary centaur,[5] using an extended definition of a centaur as an object on a non-resonant (unstable) orbit with the perihelion inside the orbit of Neptune.[6]


  1. ^ "JPL Small-Body Database Browser: (42355 Typhon)" (2008-03-14 last obs). Retrieved 2008-09-21. 
  2. ^ "List Of Centaurs and Scattered-Disk Objects". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved 2008-09-21. 
  3. ^ (42355) Typhon and Echidna
  4. ^ a b Santos-Sanz, P., Lellouch, E., Fornasier, S., Kiss, C., Pal, A., Müller, T. G., Vilenius, E., Stansberry, J., Mommert, M., Delsanti, A., Mueller, M., Peixinho, N., Henry, F., Ortiz, J. L., Thirouin, A., Protopapa, S., Duffard, R., Szalai, N., Lim, T., Ejeta, C., Hartogh, P., Harris, A. W., & Rengel, M. (2012). “TNOs are Cool”: A Survey of the Transneptunian Region IV - Size/albedo characterization of 15 scattered disk and detached objects observed with Herschel Space Observatory-PACS
  5. ^ K. Noll, H. Levison W. Grundy, D. Stephens (October 2006). "Discovery of a binary Centaur". Icarus 184 (2): 611. arXiv:astro-ph/0605606. Bibcode:2006Icar..184..611N. doi:10.1016/j.icarus.2006.05.010. 
  6. ^ J. L. Elliot, S. D. Kern, K. B. Clancy, A. A. S. Gulbis, R. L. Millis, M. W. Buie, L. H. Wasserman, E. I. Chiang, A. B. Jordan, D. E. Trilling, and K. J. Meech (February 2005). "The Deep Ecliptic Survey: A Search for Kuiper Belt Objects and Centaurs. II. Dynamical Classification, the Kuiper Belt Plane, and the Core Population" (PDF). The Astronomical Journal 129 (2): 1117. Bibcode:2005AJ....129.1117E. doi:10.1086/427395.