Echinus Geyser during an eruption
|Location||Norris Geyser Basin, Yellowstone National Park, Park County, Wyoming|
|Elevation||7,575 feet (2,309 m) |
|Eruption height||40 feet (12 m) to 60 feet (18 m)|
|Temperature||80.3 °C (176.5 °F) |
Echinus was named during one of the U.S. Geological Surveys of the park in the late 1870s or early 1880s. The name Echinus comes from the spiny appearance of the cone that resembles a Sea urchin or class Echinoidea.
Echinus' eruptions are unpredictable. Its fountain reaches a height of as much as 40 to 60 feet (12 to 18 m), with a duration of about 4 minutes. Prior to 1998, this geyser was very regular, every 35 to 75 minutes. There were also major eruptions that lasted as much as 118 minutes. It is speculated that there was a secondary underground water source that used to power the major eruptions and that the connection to the source was severed leading to Echinus' current state.
- "Echinus Geyser". Yellowstone Geothermal Features Database. Montana State University.
- "Echinus Geyser". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey.
- Haines, Aubrey L. (1996). Yellowstone Place Names-Mirrors of History. Niwot, CO: University Press of Colorado. p. 120. ISBN 0-87081-383-8.
- "Echinus Geyser". National Park Service.