Echis hughesi

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Echis hughesi
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Suborder: Serpentes
Family: Viperidae
Genus: Echis
Species: E. hughesi
Binomial name
Echis hughesi
Cherlin, 1990
Echis hughesi distribution.png
  • Echis [(Toxicoa)] hughesi
    Cherlin, 1990
  • Echis hughesi
    Golay et al., 1993[2]
Common names: Hughes' carpet viper, Somali carpet viper,[3] Hughes' saw-scaled viper.[4]

Echis hughesi is a venomous viper species endemic to Somalia.[2] No subspecies are currently recognized.[5]


The specific name, hughesi, is in honor of British herpetologist Barry Hughes.[6]


E. hughesi grows to a total length (body + tail) of about 21–32 cm (8.3–12.6 in). The head scalation is similar to that of E. pyramidum. Midbody, there are 24-25 dorsal scales. The ventrals number 144-149 and the subcaudals 28-30. The color pattern varies, but generally consists of a series of pale, oblique, dorsal blotches set against a darker ground color.[3]

Geographic range[edit]

E. hughesi is found only in northern Somalia, in northern Migiurtinia, near Meledin.

The type locality is listed as "Somalia, 10°02' [N lat.], 49° [E long.]".[2]

Migiurtinia was the name of a region, or gobolka, in Somalia that is currently known as Bari and occupies about 70,000 km2 (27,000 sq mi) of the tip of the Horn of Africa.[7]

See also[edit]


  1. ^
  2. ^ a b c McDiarmid RW, Campbell JA, Touré T. 1999. Snake Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, Volume 1. Washington, District of Columbia: Herpetologists' League. 511 pp. ISBN 1-893777-00-6 (series). ISBN 1-893777-01-4 (volume).
  3. ^ a b Mallow D, Ludwig D, Nilson G. 2003. True Vipers: Natural History and Toxinology of Old World Vipers. Malabar, Florida: Krieger Publishing Company. 359 pp. ISBN 0-89464-877-2.
  4. ^ Echis hughesi at the Reptile Database. Accessed 2 August 2007.
  5. ^ "Echis hughesi ". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 1 August 2006. 
  6. ^ Beolens B, Watkins M, Grayson M. 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. xiii + 312 pp. ISBN 978-1-4214-0135-5. (Echis hughesi, p. 127).
  7. ^ Regions of Somalia at Administrative Divisions of Countries. Accessed 2 August 2007.

Further reading[edit]

  • Cherlin VA. 1990. [A taxonomic revision of the snake genus Echis (Viperidae). II. An analysis of taxonomy and description of new forms]. [Proc. Zool. Inst. Leningrad ] 207: 193-223. (in Russian).
  • Golay P, Smith HM, Broadley DG, Dixon JR, McCarthy CJ, Rage J-C, Schätti B, Toriba M. 1993. Endoglyphs and Other Major Venomous Snakes of the World. A Checklist. Geneva: Azemiops. 478 pp.

External links[edit]