Echo, Oregon

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Echo, Oregon
City
St. Peter's Catholic Church, dedicated 1913, in Echo
St. Peter's Catholic Church, dedicated 1913, in Echo
Location in Oregon
Location in Oregon
Coordinates: 45°44′28″N 119°11′41″W / 45.74111°N 119.19472°W / 45.74111; -119.19472Coordinates: 45°44′28″N 119°11′41″W / 45.74111°N 119.19472°W / 45.74111; -119.19472
Country United States
State Oregon
County Umatilla
Incorporated 1904
Government
 • Mayor Jeanne Hampton
Area[1]
 • Total 0.58 sq mi (1.50 km2)
 • Land 0.58 sq mi (1.50 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 635 ft (194 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 699
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 708
 • Density 1,205.2/sq mi (465.3/km2)
Time zone Pacific (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) Pacific (UTC-7)
ZIP code 97826
Area code(s) 458 and 541
FIPS code 41-22200[2]
GNIS feature ID 1120378[4]
Website www.echo-oregon.com

Echo is a city in Umatilla County, Oregon, United States. The population was 699 at the 2010 census. It is part of the PendletonHermiston Micropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Former Bank of Echo, now the Echo Historical Museum

The original Oregon Trail passed just south of Echo. When the Columbia Plateau Route opened in 1847, it passed directly through Echo, crossing the Umatilla River. This eventually became the primary route of the Oregon Trail. Frequently pioneers would stay in Lower Crossing Camp, also located in Echo (the Upper Crossing being at Pendleton).[5] In the 1860s, settlers began moving into the area, and built a ferry crossing the Umatilla River at Echo. The city of Echo is named after Echo Koontz, daughter of JH Koontz and W (Brassfield) Koontz, who were town promoters.[6] Agriculture was the first draw, with alfalfa and corn being the main crops. A town was platted by 1880, and the Oregon Railroad and Navigation Company built a railroad through the Echo by 1883, which made the town a shipping point for wool, cattle and sheep during the early 1900s. Echo was incorporated in 1904. On December 22, 1927, William Edward Hickman, the murderer of Marion Parker in Los Angeles on December 17, was arrested by police near the town. The place of Hickman's arrest was commemorated by a billboard.[7]

Geography[edit]

Echo is 8 miles (13 km) south of Hermiston and 20 miles (32 km) west of Pendleton in northeastern Oregon.[8] It lies along the Umatilla River about 1 mile (2 km) south of Interstate 84 and U.S. Route 395.[9]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.58 square miles (1.50 km2), all of it land.[1]

Climate[edit]

According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Echo has a semi-arid climate, abbreviated "BSk" on climate maps.[10]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 400
1920 501 25.3%
1930 311 −37.9%
1940 280 −10.0%
1950 457 63.2%
1960 456 −0.2%
1970 479 5.0%
1980 624 30.3%
1990 499 −20.0%
2000 650 30.3%
2010 699 7.5%
Est. 2015 702 [11] 0.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[12]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census of 2010, there were 699 people, 245 households, and 177 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,205.2 inhabitants per square mile (465.3/km2). There were 256 housing units at an average density of 441.4 per square mile (170.4/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 86.1% White, 1.0% Native American, 0.7% Pacific Islander, 9.6% from other races, and 2.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 12.4% of the population.[2]

There were 245 households of which 40.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.6% were married couples living together, 17.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 6.5% had a male householder with no wife present, and 27.8% were non-families. 22.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.85 and the average family size was 3.22.[2]

The median age in the city was 37.5 years. 30% of residents were under the age of 18; 6.4% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 24.1% were from 25 to 44; 26.2% were from 45 to 64; and 13.3% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 50.5% male and 49.5% female.[2]

2000 census[edit]

As of the census of 2000, there were 650 people, 240 households, and 168 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,091.3 people per square mile (418.3/km²). There were 252 housing units at an average density of 423.1 per square mile (162.2/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 89.38% White, 0.15% African American, 0.46% Native American, 0.31% Asian, 6.92% from other races, and 2.77% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 8.15% of the population.[2]

There were 240 households out of which 36.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.7% were married couples living together, 12.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.0% were non-families. 22.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.68 and the average family size was 3.18.[2]

In the city, the population was spread out with 29.1% under the age of 18, 9.5% from 18 to 24, 26.2% from 25 to 44, 22.8% from 45 to 64, and 12.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 99.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.3 males.[2]

The median income for a household in the city was $34,464, and the median income for a family was $35,833. Males had a median income of $31,125 versus $20,250 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,879. About 8.9% of families and 15.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.2% of those under age 18 and 11.8% of those age 65 or over.[2]

Parks and recreation[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-01-24. Retrieved 2012-12-21. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-21. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-06-17. Retrieved 2013-06-02. 
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ http://www.echo-oregon.com
  6. ^ http://www.echo-oregon.com/history
  7. ^ Masek, Mark. "Grave Spotlight - Marion Parker". www.cemeteryguide.com. Retrieved 30 March 2013. 
  8. ^ "Welcome Center, City of Echo". City of Echo. Retrieved 2015-06-02. 
  9. ^ The 2013 Road Atlas. Chicago: Rand McNally. 2013. p. 85. ISBN 978-052-80062-2-7. 
  10. ^ "Echo, Oregon". Weatherbase. CantyMedia. Retrieved 2015-06-02. 
  11. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016. 
  12. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 

External links[edit]