From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Echophenomenon (also known as echo phenomenon) is "automatic imitative actions without explicit awareness"[1] or pathological repetitions of external stimuli or activities, actions, sounds, or phrases, indicative of an underlying disorder.[2][3]

The echophenomena include repetition:[1]


  1. ^ a b c d e Ganos C, Ogrzal T, Schnitzler A, Münchau A (September 2012). "The pathophysiology of echopraxia/echolalia: relevance to Gilles de la Tourette syndrome". Mov. Disord. 27 (10): 1222–9. doi:10.1002/mds.25103. PMID 22807284. 
  2. ^ Ford RA (1989). "The psychopathology of echophenomena". Psychol Med. 19 (3): 627–35. doi:10.1017/s0033291700024223. PMID 2477866. 
  3. ^ a b Kawohl W, Podoll K (2008). "Contour copying or echoplasia--a new echo phenomenon in a person with Gilles de la Tourette syndrome". Psychopathology. 41 (3): 201–2. doi:10.1159/000120989. PMID 18337631. 
  4. ^ Lang AE, Consky E, Sandor P (1993). ""Signing tics"--insights into the pathophysiology of symptoms in Tourette's syndrome". Ann Neurol. 33 (2): 212–5. doi:10.1002/ana.410330212. PMID 8434883.