Eckart-Wilhelm von Bonin

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Eckart-Wilhelm von Bonin
Born (1919-11-14)14 November 1919
Potsdam
Died 11 January 1992(1992-01-11) (aged 72)
Hamburg-Eimsbüttel
Allegiance  Nazi Germany
Service/branch Balkenkreuz (Iron Cross) Luftwaffe
Years of service 1937–45
Rank Oberstleutnant
Unit NJG 1
Commands held II./NJG 1
Battles/wars World War II
Awards Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross
Relations Hubertus von Bonin

Eckart-Wilhelm von Bonin (14 November 1919 — 11 January 1992) was a German World War II night fighter pilot who served in the Luftwaffe. A flying ace or fighter ace is a military aviator credited with shooting down five or more enemy aircraft during aerial combat.[1] He is credited with shooting down 37 enemy aircraft claimed during 150 combat missions.

Family[edit]

His brother, Oberstleutnant Hubertus von Bonin (Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross recipient) was killed in action on 15 December 1943. He lost two other brothers during the war.

Aerial victory claims[edit]

Von Bonin was credited with 37 aerial victories claimed in roughly 150 combat missions. Two of his claims were over four-engined bombers during daytime operations, the other 35 were claimed during nocturnal missions.[2]

  This and the ♠ (Ace of spades) indicates those aerial victories which made Von Bonin an "ace-in-a-day", a term which designates a fighter pilot who has shot down five or more airplanes in a single day.
  This along with the ! (exclamation mark) indicates a daytime aerial victory.

Chronicle of aerial victories
Victory Date Time Type Location Serial No./Squadron No.
– 6./Nachtjagdgeschwader 1 –
1 11 May 1941 02:20 Wellington[3] Tönningen
2 12 May 1941 02:20 Blenheim[3] 3 km (1.9 mi) west of Sankt Peter-Ording
3 15 July 1941 01:40 Wellington[4] east of Zwolle R1613/No. 214 Squadron RAF[5]
4 7 April 1942 02:38 Manchester[6]
5 3 June 1942 02:41 Wellington[7] 10 km (6.2 mi) north-northwest of Brussels
6 9 June 1942 02:38 Halifax[7] 4 km (2.5 mi) northeast of Brussels
7 26 June 1942 01:38 Blenheim[8] 16 km (9.9 mi) north of Tirlemont
8 30 July 1942 03:17 Wellington[9] 50 km (31 mi) east of Antwerp
9 5 October 1942 22:38 Wellington[10] northeast of Maastricht
10 12 March 1943 21:40 Halifax[11] 4–5 km (2.5–3.1 mi) north-northwest of Amerika
13 26 May 1943 01:36 Wellington[12] 8 km (5.0 mi) north of Maastricht
14 30 May 1943 00:43 Wellington[13]
15 12 June 1943 01:47 Halifax[13] Oye-Plage, northeast of Liège
16 22 June 1943 01:50 Stirling[14] 18 km (11 mi) southeast of Eindhoven
17 31 July 1943 00:57 Halifax[15] Mariaweiler
18! 17 August 1943 11:45 B-17[16] 10 km (6.2 mi) southwest of Aachen
19! 17 August 1943 15:07 B-17[16] 3 km (1.9 mi) northeast of Aachen
20 31 August 1943 00:45 Halifax[17]
21 7 September 1943 00:45 Halifax[18] southwest of Munich
22 7 September 1943 00:47 Halifax[18] southwest of Munich
23 3 November 1943 19:30 Lancaster[19] southwest of Gangelt
24 19 November 1943 19:30 Lancaster[20] northeast of Ronse
25♠ 26 November 1943 02:20 Halifax[20] north of Prüm
26♠ 26 November 1943 02:42 Halifax[20] southeast of Darmstadt
27♠ 26 November 1943 02:45 Lancaster[20] 12 km (7.5 mi) south of Darmstadt
28♠ 26 November 1943 19:24 Lancaster[21] south-southwest of Liège
29♠ 26 November 1943 19:30 Halifax[21] Hermeskeil
30 20 December 1943 19:26 Halifax[22] Mayen
31 20 December 1943 19:45 Halifax[22] Dachsenhausen
32 20 February 1944 05:40 Lancaster[23] 12 km (7.5 mi) north of Dessau
33 24 February 1944 21:36 four-engined bomber[24] Brieg
34 24 February 1944 21:48 four-engined bomber[24] Marling
35 15 March 1944 22:10 four-engined bomber[25] southeast of Saint-Dizier
36 15 March 1944 22:41 four-engined bomber[26] northeast of Lure
37 22 June 1944 01:14 Lancaster[27] 18 km (11 mi) east-southeast of Turnhout ME782/No. 630 Squadron RAF

Awards[edit]

References[edit]

Citations[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Bowman, Martin (2015). The Wellington Bomber. Barnsley, South Yorkshire: Pen and Sword Aviation. ISBN 978-1-78383-176-0. 
  • Fellgiebel, Walther-Peer (2000) [1986]. Die Träger des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939–1945 — Die Inhaber der höchsten Auszeichnung des Zweiten Weltkrieges aller Wehrmachtteile [The Bearers of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939–1945 — The Owners of the Highest Award of the Second World War of all Wehrmacht Branches] (in German). Friedberg, Germany: Podzun-Pallas. ISBN 978-3-7909-0284-6. 
  • Foreman, John; Matthews, Johannes; Parry, Simon (2004). Luftwaffe Night Fighter Claims 1939–1945. Walton on Thames: Red Kite. ISBN 978-0-9538061-4-0. 
  • Obermaier, Ernst (1989). Die Ritterkreuzträger der Luftwaffe Jagdflieger 1939 – 1945 [The Knight's Cross Bearers of the Luftwaffe Fighter Force 1939 – 1945] (in German). Mainz, Germany: Verlag Dieter Hoffmann. ISBN 978-3-87341-065-7. 
  • Patzwall, Klaus D.; Scherzer, Veit (2001). Das Deutsche Kreuz 1941 – 1945 Geschichte und Inhaber Band II [The German Cross 1941 – 1945 History and Recipients Volume 2] (in German). Norderstedt, Germany: Verlag Klaus D. Patzwall. ISBN 978-3-931533-45-8. 
  • Patzwall, Klaus D. (2008). Der Ehrenpokal für besondere Leistung im Luftkrieg [The Honor Goblet for Outstanding Achievement in the Air War] (in German). Norderstedt, Germany: Verlag Klaus D. Patzwall. ISBN 978-3-931533-08-3. 
  • Scherzer, Veit (2007). Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives [The Knight's Cross Bearers 1939–1945 The Holders of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939 by Army, Air Force, Navy, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm and Allied Forces with Germany According to the Documents of the Federal Archives] (in German). Jena, Germany: Scherzers Militaer-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-938845-17-2. 
  • Spick, Mike (1996). Luftwaffe Fighter Aces. New York: Ivy Books. ISBN 978-0-8041-1696-1.