# Eckert number

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The Eckert number (Ec) is a dimensionless number used in continuum mechanics. It expresses the relationship between a flow's kinetic energy and the boundary layer enthalpy difference, and is used to characterize heat transfer dissipation.[1] It is named after Ernst R. G. Eckert.

It is defined as

${\displaystyle \mathrm {Ec} ={\frac {u^{2}}{c_{p}\Delta T}}={\frac {\mbox{Advective Transport}}{\mbox{Heat Dissipation Potential}}}}$

where

• u is the local flow velocity of the continuum,
• cp is the constant-pressure local specific heat of the continuum,
• ${\displaystyle \Delta T}$ is the difference between wall temperature and local temperature.