Eclipta prostrata

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Eclipta prostrata
Eclipta prostrata in AP W2 IMG 9785.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae
Genus: Eclipta
Species: E. prostrata
Binomial name
Eclipta prostrata
(L.) L.[2]
Synonyms

Eclipta prostrata commonly known as false daisy, yerba de tago, and bhringraj, is a species of plant in the sunflower family. It is widespread across much of the world.[3][4][5]

This plant has cylindrical, grayish roots. The solitary flower heads are 6–8 mm (0.24–0.31 in) in diameter, with white florets. The achenes are compressed and narrowly winged.

This species grows commonly in moist places in warm temperate to tropical areas worldwide. It is widely distributed throughout India, Nepal, China, Thailand, and Brazil.

Traditional uses[edit]

Flower of Eclipta prostrata
Seed of Eclipta prostrata, closeup view

The plant has traditional uses in Ayurveda. It is bitter, hot, sharp, and dry in taste. In India it is known as bhangra or bhringaraj. Wedelia calendulacea is known by the same names, so the white-flowered E. alba is called white bhangra and the yellow-flowered W. calendulacea is called yellow bhangra.[6] The various Sanskrit names of Eclipta prostrata, Bhringraj, Bhringraja, and Bhrungraja, are literally translated as King of Hair.[citation needed]

In Southeast Asia, the dried whole plant is used in traditional medicine preparations for the treatment of skin infections and toothaches,[7] although there is no high-quality clinical research to indicate these uses are effective.

Chemistry[edit]

Eclipta prostrata contains coumestans, polypeptides, polyacetylenes, thiophene derivatives, steroids, sterols, triterpenes, and flavonoids.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lansdown, R.V. & Beentje, H.J. (2017). "Eclipta prostrata". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2017: e.T164051A121894451. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2017-3.RLTS.T164051A121894451.en. Retrieved 14 January 2018. 
  2. ^ "Eclipta prostrata (L.) L". The Plant List version 1.1. Retrieved 26 January 2014. 
  3. ^ Flora of North America, Eclipta Linnaeus, Mant. Pl. 157, 286. 1771.
  4. ^ Flora of China, 鳢肠 li chang Eclipta prostrata (Linnaeus) Linnaeus, Mant. Pl. 2: 286. 1771.
  5. ^ Altervista Flora Italiana, Falsa margherita , false daisy, tattoo plant, Eclipta prostrata (L.) L.
  6. ^ Puri, H. S. 2003. Rasayana: Ayurvedic Herbs for Longevity and Rejuvenation. Taylor & Francis, London. pages 80–85.
  7. ^ Nantana Sittichai; Chayan Picheansoothon, eds. (2014). Herbal Medicines Used in Primary Health Care in ASEAN. Department for Development of Thai Traditional and Alternative Medicine. p. 148-149. ISBN 9786161122119. 
  8. ^ Chung, I. M; Rajakumar, G; Lee, J. H; Kim, S. H; Thiruvengadam, M (2017). "Ethnopharmacological uses, phytochemistry, biological activities, and biotechnological applications of Eclipta prostrata". Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology. 101 (13): 5247–5257. doi:10.1007/s00253-017-8363-9. PMID 28623383. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Everitt, J.H.; Lonard, R.L.; Little, C.R. (2007). Weeds in South Texas and Northern Mexico. Lubbock: Texas Tech University Press.  ISBN 0-89672-614-2
  • Caldecott, Todd (2006). Ayurveda: The Divine Science of Life. Elsevier/Mosby. ISBN 0-7234-3410-7. 

External links[edit]