Eco-social market economy
The eco-social market economy (ESME), also known as the socio-ecological market economy (SEME) or social and ecological market economy, aims at balancing free market economics, the strive for social fairness and the sustainable use and protection of the natural resources. It was developed by Austrian politician Josef Riegler during the 1980s, expanding on the original concept of the social market economy, an economic model first advocated by Konrad Adenauer, and is considered the economic format which the majority of nations in Europe follow.
Definition and aims
The eco-social market economy is a holistic model based on a strong and innovative market economy. The eco-social market economy requires that the protection of the environment and social fairness are vital criteria for all economic activity. The protection of the ecology and habitat for future generations are central issues for eco-social market economies. Its supporters maintain that free markets alone are not able or interested to protect the environment, hence government action is necessary. The creation of higher social and environmental standards, especially in developing countries, is seen as a vital step to world peace in the future. "The eco-social market economy aims at: higher chances for the brave, more solidarity and more responsibility for natural habitats" (Josef Riegler) 
Frameworks and Guidelines for fair competition must be implemented, not only in the EU, but on a global level. It is a foremost demand to politics to create such a political landscape of global connectivity and cooperation. Eco-social market economists support the implementation of the Millennium Development Goals and the Kyoto Protocol, and demand a stronger cooperation between the United Nations, the World Trade Organisation, the International Monetary Fund and the International Labour Organisation to create the said framework. On a national level, it favours higher taxes on fossil-fuel energy sources (environmental taxes), while at the same time lowering income taxes. Public subsidies must, in their opinion, only be paid to promote sustainability. Environmental pollution and resource use must be included in the calculation of product processes and in product prices. A strong emphasis in education about issues on environmental protection are seen as being absolutely necessary to create awareness.market
Global Marshall Plan Initiative
"1. Innovative additional fundraising required for the actual realisation of the UN Millennium Development Goals on the basis of partnerships, co-responsibility and good governance.
2. The achievement of a global eco-social market economy by means of implementing the same ecological and social standards in all institutes and agreements, on a global scale."
The funding of these development measures are a levy on financial transactions, a kerosene tax or special drawing rights with the IMF. The big challenge is finding an effective way of translating money into development without losing to corruption worldwide.
- Erich Hoedl (2011): Socio-ecological Market Economy in Europe. Interrelations between Resource, Labour and Capital Productivity, 8 pages
- http://www.oekosozial.at/osf?cid=13486[permanent dead link]
- "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-07-18. Retrieved 2008-11-10.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-09-16. Retrieved 2008-11-10.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-12-01. Retrieved 2008-11-10.