Ford EcoBoost engine
|Ford EcoBoost engine|
|Manufacturer||Ford Motor Company|
|Also called||TwinForce (obsolete)
|Configuration||I-3, I-4 and 60° V6|
|Displacement||V6 3.5: 3496 cc (213 CID)
V6 2.7: 2694 cc (164 CID)
I4 2.0: 1999 cc (122 CID)
I4 1.6: 1596 cc (97 CID)
I3 1.0: 995 cc (60.44 CID)
|Cylinder bore||V6 3.5: 3.64 in (92.5 mm)
V6 2.7: 3.30 in (83 mm)
I4 2.0: 3.4 in (87.5 mm)
I4 1.6: 3.1 in (79.0 mm)
I3 1.0: 2.83 in (71.9 mm)
|Piston stroke||V6 3.5: 3.49 in (86.7 mm)
V6 2.7: 3.30 in (83 mm)
I4 2.0: 3.27 in (83.1 mm)
I4 1.6: 3.2 in (81.4 mm)
I3 1.0: 3.2 in (82 mm)
|Cylinder block alloy||V6 2.7: Compacted graphite iron
I3: Cast iron
All others: Aluminum
|Cylinder head alloy||Aluminum|
|Valvetrain||DOHC with Direct Acting Mechanical Buckets (DAMB)
Variable camshaft timing
|Compression ratio||V6 3.5: 10.0:1
I4 2.0: 10.0:1
I4 1.6: 10.0:1
|Turbocharger||V6: Dual Borg Warner K03 low inertia integrated turbo system
I4 2.0: Borg Warner K03 low inertia integrated turbo system
I4 1.6: Borg Warner KP39 low inertia turbo
I4 2.0: Bosch MED17 with CAN-Bus and individual knock control
I4 1.6: Bosch MED17 with CAN-Bus and individual cylinder knock control
|Fuel type||Gasoline direct injection|
|Dry weight||V6 3.5: 449 lbs (203 kg)
V6 2.7: 440 lbs (200 kg)
I4 2.0: 328 lbs(149 kg)
I4 1.6: 251 lbs (114 kg)
I3 1.0: 213 lbs (97 kg)
|Predecessor||Ford Duratec 35, Ford Duratec|
Engines equipped with EcoBoost technology are designed to deliver power and torque consistent with those of larger engine displacement, naturally aspirated engines while achieving approximately 20% better fuel efficiency and 15% reduced greenhouse emissions than these same engines. Ford sees EcoBoost as an affordable and versatile alternative to the power output and fuel efficiency of hybrid and diesel technologies and intends to use it extensively in future vehicle applications.
- 1 Production: Global Family
- 2 Engine Family List
- 3 Inline 3-cylinder
- 4 Inline 4-cylinder
- 5 V-type 6-cylinder
- 6 See also
- 7 References
- 8 External links
Production: Global Family
EcoBoost petrol direct-injection turbocharged engine technology adds 128 patents and patent applications to Ford's 4,618 active and thousands of pending U.S. patents.
The V6 EcoBoost engines are being assembled at Cleveland Engine Plant No. 1 in Brook Park, Ohio. The 2.0 L I4 EcoBoost engines will be produced at the Ford Valencia Engine Plant in Spain in 2009. The 1.6 L I4 EcoBoost engines will be made at the Ford Bridgend Engine Plant in the United Kingdom. The future small displacement I3 EcoBoost engine will be produced both at the Ford Cologne Engine Plant in Germany and at Ford Romania.
By 2012, the company plans to produce 750,000 EcoBoost units annually in the US and 1.3 million globally in the world market. Ford expected over 90-percent of its global vehicle lineup (includes North American lineup) to offer EcoBoost engine technology by 2013. From the engine's beginning, to November 2012, 500,000 Ford Ecoboost vehicles have been sold.
Engine Family List
|EcoBoost 10||Fox||999 cc (61.0 cu in)||2012–present||DOHC I3|
|EcoBoost 15||Sigma||1,500 cc (92 cu in)||2014–present||DOHC I4|
|EcoBoost 16||Sigma||1,596 cc (97.4 cu in)||2010–present||DOHC I4|
|EcoBoost 20||Mazda L engine||1,999 cc (122.0 cu in)||2010–||DOHC I4|
|Ecoboost 20 (Next-Gen)||1,999 cc (122.0 cu in)||2015-||DOHC I4|
|EcoBoost 23||Mazda L engine||2,261 cc (138.0 cu in)||2015–present||DOHC I4|
|EcoBoost 27||Nano||2,694 cc (164.4 cu in)||2015–present||DOHC V6|
|EcoBoost 30||Nano||~3,000 cc (180 cu in)||2016-||DOHC V6|
|EcoBoost 35||Cyclone V6||3,496 cc (213.3 cu in)||2010–2015||DOHC V6|
|EcoBoost 35 (Next-Gen)||Nano||3,496 cc (213.3 cu in)||2015-||DOHC V6|
1.0 litre Fox
Ford currently produces a 1.0-litre turbocharged in-line three cylinder engine for the EcoBoost family developed at Ford's Dunton Technical Centre in the UK. Production started in April 2012. The 1.0 comes initially in two versions: 74 kW (101 PS; 99 hp) and 88 to 92 kW (120 to 125 PS; 118 to 123 hp). The more powerful version delivers a maximum of 170 N·m (125 lb·ft) from 1,400–4,500 rpm and 200 N·m (148 lb·ft) on overboost, which makes for a broad torque curve when compared to a naturally aspirated gasoline engine. A 140 PS (138 hp) version has also been released in the Fiesta Red Edition and Black Edition, with 155 lb ft (210Nm) of Torque. The engine block is cast iron instead of aluminum for up to 50% faster warm-up, at the expense of additional weight. Due to natural vibrations of a 3-cylinder design, the flywheel as with any other engine of similar configuration has been weighted properly to ensure smooth running, without the use of energy sapping balance shafts. The engine also features an internal timing belt, bathed in the engine oil, for long life and greater efficiency and reduced noise. The exhaust manifold is cast into the cylinder head, reducing warm up times and therefore further aiding efficiency. All this is packaged in an engine block the size of an A4 sheet of paper. With the introduction of face lifted 2013 Ford Fiesta, Ford introduced naturally aspirated version of 1.0 Fox engine. There are two versions producing 65 hp and 80 hp, and both engines use Direct Injection and Ti-VCT like the turbocharged versions. Start-stop technology is also available.
The engines are produced in Cologne, Germany and Craiova, Romania with production to later expand in Chongqing, China. Production is expected to be 700,000–1,500,000 units per year. The engine is available in Ford Focus, the Ford Focus-based C-MAX and Grand C-MAX, the Fiesta-based B-Max and Transit Courier.
Ford has announced that the 1.0L Ecoboost engine will be available for the American market starting with the all-new 2014 Ford Fiesta Sedan and Hatchback. It was announced at the 2012 Los Angeles Auto Show, when the 2014 Fiesta was introduced. The 123 hp version is now available in the North American market Focus starting with model year 2015.
(100 PS (99 hp))
(125 PS (123 hp))
- 2012— Ford Focus
- 2012— Ford C-Max
- 2012— Ford B-Max
- 2013— Ford Fiesta
- 2013— Ford EcoSport
- 2013— Ford Mondeo
- 2015-- Ford Fiesta SFE
(140 PS (138 hp))
- 2014— Ford Fiesta Red/Black
Ford will produce a 1.5-litre turbocharged in-line three cylinder engine for the EcoBoost family from 2015. The 1.0 litre engine is known as the Ford Fox and the new engine will be know as the Dragon.
There are four EcoBoost I4 engines in production. A 1.5L downsized version of the 1.6L, the 1.6L which replaces larger-displacement, naturally-aspirated I4 engines in Ford vehicles, a 2.0L which replaces small-displacement, naturally-aspirated V6 engines, and a 2.3L used in high performance applications. All four engines are turbocharged and direct injected. The production engine family was officially announced at the 2009 Frankfurt Motor Show.
1.5 litre 
A 1.5L version of the EcoBoost engine family was first unveiled in the 2014 Ford Fusion as a downsized version of the 1.6L EcoBoost engine. The downsized displacement is a result of Chinese vehicle tax regulations which tax vehicles with engine displacements of 1.5L or less at lower rates. The 1.5L EcoBoost adds new technology compared to the 1.6L on which it is based, including an integrated exhaust manifold and a computer-controlled water pump clutch to decrease warm up time. In the 2014 Fusion, the engine produces 181 hp (135 kW; 184 PS)and 185-lb ft .
181 hp (135 kW; 184 PS)
- 2014 - Ford Fusion
- 2015 - Ford Focus
- 2015 - Ford Mondeo
The European market version of the 1.6L provides 150 hp (112 kW; 152 PS) although a 160 hp (119 kW; 162 PS) version is used in the Ford Mondeo.
The 1.6L Ecoboost engine is raced in the British Formula Ford Championship. The units have replaced the original N/A 1.6 Duratec units, which in turn replaced the 1.8L Zetec-engined cars. The engine has also been used for the past couple of seasons in the WRC in the Ford Fiesta.
Type-Turbocharged, direct petrol injected inline four cylinder engine with Twin independent Variable Camshaft Timing
Displacement-1,596 cc (1.6 L; 97 cu in)
Turbocharged, direct gasoline injected inline four cylinder engine with Twin independent Variable Camshaft Timing
150 PS (110 kW; 148 hp)
160 PS (118 kW; 158 hp)
180 PS (132 kW; 178 hp)
185 PS (136 kW; 182 hp)
- 2010— Ford C-MAX
- 2013—2014 Ford Fusion
- 2010— Volvo S60
- 2010— Volvo V60
- 2011— Ford Focus
- 2011— Volvo V70
- 2011— Volvo S80
- 2012— Volvo V40
- 2013— Ford Fiesta ST (Europe)
200 PS (147 kW; 197 hp)
- 2014— Ford Fiesta ST
2.0 litre (2010–)
Type-Turbocharged, direct petrol injected inline four cylinder engine with Twin independent Variable Camshaft Timing
Displacement-1,999 cc (2 L; 122 cu in)
Turbocharged, direct petrol injected inline four cylinder engine with Twin independent Variable Camshaft Timing
- 203 PS (149 kW; 200 hp) @5500 rpm, 221 lb·ft (300 N·m) @1750-4500 rpm
- 243 PS (179 kW; 240 hp) @5500 rpm, 270 lb·ft (366 N·m) @1900–3500 rpm (Note: Torque figures are not uniform for all of the following vehicles)
- 2010– Ford Mondeo
- 2011–2015 Ford Explorer
- 2011–2014 Ford Edge
- 2011– Land Rover Range Rover Evoque
- 2011– Ford S-MAX
- 2012– Ford Falcon
- 2013– Ford Escape / Kuga
- 2013–2015 Land Rover Freelander 2
- 2013– Ford Fusion
- 2013– Ford Taurus
- 2013–2015 Jaguar XF
- 2013–2014 Jaguar XJ
- 2015 Jaguar XE
- 2015 Land Rover Discovery Sport
- 2015– Lincoln MKC
- 305 PS (224 kW; 301 hp) @??? rpm, (??? N·m) @??? rpm, Ford-RPE (Radical Performance Engines)
2.0 litre “Twin-scroll” (2015–)
|This section requires expansion. (June 2014)|
A redesigned 2.0 L EcoBoost four-cylinder will be introduced with the second generation Ford Edge. It features a higher compression ratio than it's predecessor (9.7:1 vs 9.3:1) along with twin-scroll turbocharger and fuel and oil systems' upgrades. This new engine will deliver more low-end torque than its predecessor and all-wheel drive will be available in this configuration for the first time. It is also expected to tow 3500 lbs in the redesigned Edge.
- Approx. 245 hp (183 kW; 248 PS), 275 lb·ft (373 N·m)
2.3 litre 
The 2.3L version of the EcoBoost engine debuted in the 2015 Lincoln MKC crossover. Based upon the 2.0L EcoBoost, the 2.3L engine produces 289 PS (213 kW; 285 hp) @ 5500 rpm, 305 lb·ft (414 N·m) @ 2750 rpm. This engine is also available in the 2015- Ford Mustang, with power figures of 310 hp (231 kW; 314 PS) @ 5500 rpm, 320 lb·ft (434 N·m) @ 3000 rpm.
The 2.3L EcoBoost engine is produced with the 2.0L EcoBoost at the Valencia Engine Plant in Valencia, Spain.
- 280 hp (209 kW; 284 PS), 310 lb·ft (420 N·m)
- 2016– Ford Explorer
- 289 PS (213 kW; 285 hp) @ 5500 rpm, 305 lb·ft (414 N·m) @ 2750 rpm
- 2015– Lincoln MKC
- 310 hp (231 kW; 314 PS) @ 5500 rpm, 320 lb·ft (434 N·m) @ 3000 rpm
- 2015– Ford Mustang
The 2015 Ford F-150 has the option of a 2.7 liter Ecoboost engine. It is supposed to deliver 325 hp (242 kW) and 375 lb·ft (508 N·m). The engine is built at the Lima Ford Engine Plant. Ford has invested half a billion dollars in the Lima plant for the new engine. Ford also states that the new engine will bring 300 jobs to Allen County, however transfers from other plants make the actual number hard to pin down.
- 325 hp (242 kW) @ 5750 rpm, 375 lb·ft (508 N·m) @ 3000 rpm
- 2015- Ford F-150
- 335 hp (250 kW), 380 lb·ft (515 N·m)
- 2016- Lincoln MKX
- Rated at 315 hp (235 kW), 350 lb·ft (475 N·m)
- 2015- Ford Edge Sport
3.5 litre 
The first Ford Vehicle to feature this engine was the 2007 Lincoln MKR Concept under the name TwinForce. The engine was designed to deliver power and torque output equivalent to a typical 6.0 L or larger displacement V8 while achieving at least 15% better fuel efficiency and reduced greenhouse emissions. In the MKR the concept TwinForce engine was rated 415 hp (309 kW) and 400 lb·ft (542 N·m) of torque, as well as run on E85 fuel. When the same prototype engine reappeared in the Lincoln MKT concept in 2008 North American International Auto Show, the name was changed to EcoBoost. Official EcoBoost production began on May 19, 2009 at Ford's Cleveland Engine Plant No. 1.
The production engines use the Duratec 35 V6 engine block. The fuel charging and delivery systems can attain high fuel pressures of up to 2150 PSI, necessary for efficient operation of the direct fuel injection system. It uses two BorgWarner turbochargers which can spin at up to 170,000 rpm and provide 12 PSI of boost. The turbos are set up in a twin-turbo configuration. The engine can consume up to 25% more air over the naturally aspirated counterpart. Through the use of direct injection, the engine needs only regular-grade petrol to run. The EcoBoost V6 was first available as an engine option for 2010 Lincoln MKS, followed by 2010 Ford Flex, 2010 Ford Taurus SHO, and 2010 Lincoln MKT. The fuel charging and delivery systems were co-developed with Robert Bosch GmbH.
In 2009 Ford modified an experimental 3.5 V6 EcoBoost engine with both E85 direct injection and petrol indirect fuel injection, which achieved a BMEP (brake mean effective pressure) of 395 psi (27 bar), which translates to approximately 553 pound-feet (750 N·m) of torque and 316 horsepower (236 kW)@3000 rpm (flat torque curve from 1500–3000 rpm).
- 320 hp (239 kW) @5500 rpm, 400 lb·ft (542 N·m) @2250 rpm
- 2015- Ford Transit
- 355 hp (265 kW) @5700 rpm, 350 lb·ft (475 N·m) @3500 rpm
- 365 hp (272 kW) @5500 rpm, 350 lb·ft (475 N·m) @1500-5000 rpm
- 365 hp (272 kW) @5500 rpm, 350 lb·ft (475 N·m) @3500 rpm
- 365 hp (272 kW) @5000 rpm, 420 lb·ft (569 N·m) @2500 rpm
- 365 hp (272 kW) @5000 rpm, 420 lb·ft (569 N·m) @2250 rpm
- 380 hp (283 kW) @5250 rpm, 460 lb·ft (624 N·m) @2750 rpm
3.5 litre (second generation) 
The next-generation 3.5 L EcoBoost V6 is being produced for the 2017 Ford GT, revealed at the 2015 Detroit Auto Show in January. It is expected to produce over 600 horsepower and over 500 lb-ft of torque, paired with a 7-speed semi-automatic transmission. This engine theoretically replaces the 5.4 L Supercharged Modular V8 from the last generation Ford GT which produced 550 horsepower. The GT has been on a 10-year hiatus, and will return in 2016 for the 2017 model year. This engine will be one of the most powerful V6 engines produced, alongside Nissan's VR38DETT fitted inside the GT-R NISMO.
Also announced at the 2015 Detroit Auto Show was the 2017 Ford F-150 SVT Raptor, which is powered by an all-new 3.5 L twin-turbocharged EcoBoost V6. This new engine is expected to produce between 450 and 500 horsepower in the Raptor, up from the previous 6.2 L V8's 411. Torque is also expected to higher than the 434 lb-ft produced by the naturally aspirated 6.2 L Boss V8.
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