École supérieure de journalisme de Paris
The École supérieure de journalisme (ESJ Paris) (in English: Superior School of Journalism of Paris) is an institution of higher education, a French Grande École in Paris dedicated to journalism and related studies. Its origin was in the Collège Libre des Sciences Sociales founded in 1895 by Dick May (Jeanne Weill, daughter of the rabbi of Algiers), and other supporters during the Dreyfus Affair. It was made a separate Grande Ecole in 1899 and claims the title of the "world's first school of journalism". Conceived to give students a broad knowledge of politics and economics, it did not award a separate journalism degree by name until 1910.
The origins of this tertiary college were in the Collège Libre des Sciences Sociales, founded in 1895 by the journalist and novelist Dick May; Theophilus Funck-Brentano, a professor at Ecole libre du sciences politiques; and Pierre du Maroussem, who taught at the Law Faculty of Paris (Sorbonne). Especially during the Dreyfus Affair and the rise of the université populaire movement, they wanted to create a place for study of the new field of social sciences and emerging thought in economics. They envisioned it as a place where practitioners would teach so that students would learn from more than textbooks. (May was the pen name used by Jeanne Weill, a daughter of the rabbi of Algiers.) In 1896 May suggested a school of journalism. She and other progressive French citizens were disturbed by the inflammatory press and the discriminatory attitudes that contributed to the initial conviction of Dreyfus; they wanted to improve society by encouraging higher level work in social studies.
In 1899 three separate schools in Paris were established from the College Libre: l’Ecole des Hautes Etudes Sociales, l’Ecole des Hautes Etudes Internationales and l’Ecole de Journalisme. As with other grandes ecoles, the School of Journalism broadly prepared students for work in government administration, politics and economics, not exclusively for journalism. It awarded its first named journalism degree in 1910. Among its early professors were Emile Durkheim, founder of sociology; the historian Charles Seignobos, and the economist Charles Gide, who supported economic cooperatives in agriculture and for consumers.
Among the early faculty were numerous Dreyfusards. Faculty included the writers Anatole France, Charles Péguy, and Romain Rolland; the composers Gabriel Fauré, Claude Debussy, and Maurice Ravel; and the politicians Raymond Poincaré, Paul Deschanel, Alexandre Millerand, Paul Doumer, Gaston Doumergue, and Maurice Schumann, some of whom held national offices.
Today the graduate school prepares students to work in the diverse positions in the media field: radio, television, newspaper, and online websites. Faculty are all professional journalists and college professors. The ESJ Paris has been a Grande école since 1899. Admission is based on a highly competitive process: generally students take two years of preparatory study, a national written exam taken in sections over several weeks, and an oral exams, resulting in the students' being ranked nationally before each applies to the school of choice.
- Degree :
After the completion of three years of coursework, the school awards a diploma (similar to a Master's degree in the United States).
- Frequency ESJ :
- American University of Washington, D.C.
- African Institute of Science and Technology, Mbaise
- European Communication School of Brussels, Belgium
- Agence universitaire de la Francophonie (AUF)
- Henri Amouroux
- Malek Boutih
- Philippe Bouvard
- Philippe Djian
- Ghislaine Dupont
- Audrey Pulvar
- Gebran Tueni
- Gérard de Villiers
- Bernard Werber
- Léon Zitrone
- (French) "École supérieure de journalisme", Official website
- (French) Students' WebRadio from the ESJ Paris Powered by Frequence3