Ecological Democratic Party

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Ecological Democratic Party
Ökologisch-Demokratische Partei
Abbreviation ÖDP
Leader Gabriela Schimmer-Göresz
Founded 1982
Headquarters Pommergasse 1, 97070 Würzburg[1]
Youth wing Young Ecologists
Ideology Green conservatism
Political position Centre-right
International affiliation World Ecological Parties
European affiliation None
European Parliament group Greens/EFA
Colours Orange
0 / 631
State Parliaments
0 / 1,875
European Parliament
1 / 96
Politics of Germany
Political parties
Coat of arms of Germany.svg
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The Ecological Democratic Party (German: Ökologisch-Demokratische Partei, ÖDP) is conservative[2][3][4] and ecologist[5] political party in Germany. It was founded in 1982 by former members of the German Green Party. The ÖDP combines issues which are not often found together: a focus on state financial support for families and childrearing, and a belief in the right to life (that is, opposition to late abortion, euthanasia and the death penalty). The latter positions and the differences listed below – have led some, including political scientist Joachim Raschke, to characterize the party as "conservative," but the party feels that all these positions are a consistent response to injustice. In most of those issues which it emphasizes, such as the environment and trade, it is similar to the Green party. It differs from the Green party by being less supportive of immigration and restrictions on state powers in criminal justice issues, not focusing on gay and lesbian rights, and having a differing view of feminism.

Its main base is in the south of Germany, in the states of Bavaria and (to a lesser degree) Baden-Württemberg, though it has fielded candidates in many parts of the country.

It was one of the earliest supporters (since 1989) of a green tax shift, an idea which later gained broader support and has been partially implemented in Germany since the Social Democratic Party and The Greens were elected to form the federal government in 1998.

Though a very small party – it has not gained seats in a state parliament or in the Bundestag – the ÖDP became notable for its involvement in the opposition to a Czech nuclear reactor in Temelin, across the border from Bavaria. It led an initiative for a popular referendum to abolish the Bavarian Senate (that state's upper house) which was successful. It brought suit against a law in North Rhine-Westphalia which requires parties to receive 5% of the vote in order to take their seats, as well as a national law which reserves state financing only for parties that got more than one percent of the vote in at least three state elections; both laws were overturned.

The party has a youth organization called Young Ecologists (Junge Ökologen).

In the 2014 European parliament elections, the ÖDP received 0.7% of the national vote (185,119 votes in total) and returned a single MEP.[6] The MEP, Klaus Buchner, joined The Greens–European Free Alliance (Greens/EFA) as an independent.[7]


Klaus Buchner Uwe Dolata Susanne Bachmaier Hans Mangold Bernd Richter Hans-Joachim Ritter Herbert Gruhl

Election results[edit]

State elections:

European Parliament:

  • 1984: 0.3%
  • 1989: 0.7%
  • 1994: 0.8%
  • 1999: 0.4%
  • 2004: 0.6%

German Parliament (Bundestag):

  • 1983: 0.0%
  • 1987: 0.3%
  • 1990: 0.4%
  • 1994: 0.4%
  • 1998: 0.2%
  • 2002: 0.1%

External links[edit]


  1. ^
  2. ^ Bert Klandermans,; Nonna Mayer (16 November 2005). Extreme Right Activists in Europe: Through the Magnifying Glass. Routledge. p. 171–. ISBN 978-1-134-24546-8. 
  3. ^ Günter Buchstab (2010). Die Ära Kohl im Gespräch: eine Zwischenbilanz. Böhlau Verlag Köln Weimar. p. 311–. ISBN 978-3-412-20592-8. 
  4. ^ Wilhelm Hofmann (2005). Politische Identität - visuell. LIT Verlag Münster. p. 71–. ISBN 978-3-8258-8471-0. 
  5. ^ Max Spindler; Alois Schmid (2003). Das neue Bayern: Staat und Politik. C.H.Beck. p. 972–. ISBN 978-3-406-50451-8. 
  6. ^
  7. ^