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Ecological units, comprise concepts such as population, community, and - in particular - the ecosystem as the basic unit, which are at the basis of ecological theory and research. Two common traits can be identified across cultures:
- the unit is often defined in terms of a geographical boundary/natural border (maritime boundary, watersheds, etc.)
- abiotic components and organisms within the unit are considered to be interlinked
- EVANS, F. C. (1956-06-22). "Ecosystem as the Basic Unit in Ecology". Science. 123 (3208): 1127–1128. doi:10.1126/science.123.3208.1127. ISSN 0036-8075. PMID 17793430.
- Jax, K (2006). "Ecological units: definitions and application". The Quarterly Review of Biology. 81 (3): 237–58. ISSN 0033-5770. PMID 17051830.
- Fikret Berkes, Mina Kislalioglu, Carl Folke and Madhav Gadgil (1998). "Exploring the Basic Ecological Unit: Ecosystem-Like Concepts in Traditional Societies" (PDF). Ecosystems. 1 (5): 409–415.
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