Economic Calculation in the Socialist Commonwealth

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Cover of the English 1990 edition of "Economic Calculation in the Socialist Commonwealth"

"Economic Calculation in the Socialist Commonwealth" is an article by Austrian School economist Ludwig von Mises. Its critique against economic calculation in a planned economy triggered the decades-long economic calculation debate.[1][2]

The article was first published 1920 in German under the title Die Wirtschaftsrechnung im sozialistischen Gemeinwesen[3] and based on a lecture Mises gave in 1919 as a response to a book by Otto Neurath, arguing for the feasibility of central planning.[3] Mises argued that no prices for capital goods could be obtained in a socialist economy if the government owned the means of production since all exchanges would be internal transfers, rather than "objects of exchange", setting the price mechanism out of order.

Two years later, the essay was incorporated into Mises's Socialism: An Economic and Sociological Analysis.


  1. ^ Hacohen, Malachi Haim (2002). Karl Popper – The Formative Years, 1902-1945: Politics and Philosophy in Interwar Vienna (reprint ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 477. ISBN 978-0-521-89055-7.
  2. ^ "Economic Calculation in the Socialist Commonwealth". Mises Institute. Retrieved 27 April 2010.
  3. ^ a b Huerta de Soto, Jesús (2010). Socialism, Economic Calculation and Entrepreneurship. Edward Elgar Publishing. pp. 103–104. ISBN 978-1-84980-065-5.

External links[edit]

  • Full text in HTML and PDF (1990 ed.)